- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- The Oxford Handbook of Pragmatics
- Preface and Acknowledgements
- List of Symbols and Abbreviations
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: What is Pragmatics?
- Contextualism and Semantic Minimalism
- Neo-Gricean Pragmatics
- Relevance Theory
- Formal Pragmatics
- Continental European Perspective View
- The Sociological Foundations of Pragmatics
- Presupposition and Givenness
- Speech Acts
- Deixis and the Interactional Foundations of Reference
- Cognitive Pragmatics
- Developmental Pragmatics
- Experimental Pragmatics
- Computational Pragmatics
- Clinical Pragmatics
- Politeness and Impoliteness
- Cross-Cultural and Intercultural Pragmatics
- Interlanguage Pragmatics
- Conversation Analysis
- Pragmatics and Semantics
- Pragmatics and Grammar: More Pragmatics or More Grammar
- Pragmatics and Morphology: Morphopragmatics
- Pragmatics and the Lexicon
- Pragmatics and Prosody
- Pragmatics and Language Change: Historical Pragmatics
- Pragmatics and Information Structure
- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter presents a characterisation of the field of computational pragmatics, discusses some of the fundamental issues in the field, and provides a survey of recent developments. Central to computational pragmatics is the development and use of computational tools and models for studying the relations between utterances and their context of use. Essential for understanding these relations are the use of inference and the description of language use as actions inspired by the context, and intended to influence the context. The chapter therefore focuses on recent work in the use of inference for utterance interpretation and in dialogue modeling in terms of dialogue acts, viewed as context-changing actions. The chapter concludes with a survey of recent activities concerning the construction and use of resources in computational pragmatics, in particular annotation schemes, annotated corpora, and tools for corpus construction and use.
Harry Bunt is Professor of Computational Linguistics at Tilburg University in The Netherlands. He started out as a theoretical physicist with a side interest in artificial intelligence, and worked for a number of years at Philips Research. He later moved into AI and language understanding. He published the monograph Mass terms and model-theoretic semantics (Cambridge University Press, 1985) and the edited volumes Computing Meaning 1-4 (Kluwer/Springer, 1999-2014). His research has been concerned with all aspects of language processing, with a focus on computational semantics and pragmatics, as well as with multimodal interaction, knowledge representation, context modelling and reasoning, With William Black he published the book Abduction, belief, and context in dialogue (Benjamins, 2000). He developed the framework of Dynamic Interpretation Theory for dialogue semantics and pragmatics, including the DIT++ taxonomy of dialogue act types, and is the main author of the ISO 24617-2 standard for dialogue act annotation.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.