- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- The Oxford Handbook of Pragmatics
- Preface and Acknowledgements
- List of Symbols and Abbreviations
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: What is Pragmatics?
- Contextualism and Semantic Minimalism
- Neo-Gricean Pragmatics
- Relevance Theory
- Formal Pragmatics
- Continental European Perspective View
- The Sociological Foundations of Pragmatics
- Presupposition and Givenness
- Speech Acts
- Deixis and the Interactional Foundations of Reference
- Cognitive Pragmatics
- Developmental Pragmatics
- Experimental Pragmatics
- Computational Pragmatics
- Clinical Pragmatics
- Politeness and Impoliteness
- Cross-Cultural and Intercultural Pragmatics
- Interlanguage Pragmatics
- Conversation Analysis
- Pragmatics and Semantics
- Pragmatics and Grammar: More Pragmatics or More Grammar
- Pragmatics and Morphology: Morphopragmatics
- Pragmatics and the Lexicon
- Pragmatics and Prosody
- Pragmatics and Language Change: Historical Pragmatics
- Pragmatics and Information Structure
- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
Abstract and Keywords
Pragmatic disorders pose a barrier to effective communication in a significant number of children and adults. For nearly forty years, clinical investigators have attempted to characterize these disorders. This chapter examines the state of the art in clinical pragmatics, a subdiscipline of pragmatics that studies pragmatic disorders. The findings of recent empirical research in a range of clinical populations are reviewed. They include developmental pragmatic disorders found in autistic spectrum disorders, specific language impairment, intellectual disability and the emotional and behavioural disorders, as well as acquired pragmatic disorders in adults with left- or right-hemisphere damage, traumatic brain injury, schizophrenia, and the dementias. Techniques used by clinicians to assess and treat pragmatic disorders are addressed. In recent years, theoretical frameworks with a cognitive orientation have increasingly been used to explain pragmatic disorders. Two such frameworks—relevance theory and theory of mind—will be examined in this essay.
Keywords: autism spectrum disorders, dementia, emotional and behavioural disorders, intellectual disability, left- and right-hemisphere damage, relevance theory, schizophrenia, specific language impairment, theory of mind, traumatic brain injury
Louise Cummings is Professor of Linguistics at Nottingham Trent University in the UK. She conducts research in pragmatics and clinical linguistics. She is the author of Pragmatics: a multidisciplinary perspective (Edinburgh University Press, 2005), Clinical linguistics (Edinburgh University Press, 2008), Clinical pragmatics (Cambridge University Press, 2009), Communication disorders (Palgrave Macmillan, 2014), Pragmatic disorders (Springer, 2014), Communication disorders workbook (Cambridge University Press, 2014) and Pragmatic and discourse disorders: a workbook (Cambridge University Press, 2015). She has edited The Routledge pragmatics encyclopedia (2010) and the Cambridge handbook of communication disorders (2014). She has held Visiting Fellowships in the Department of Philosophy at Harvard University and in the Centre for Research in the Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities (CRASSH) at Cambridge University.
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