- The Oxford Handbook of American Political Development
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: The Distinctiveness and Necessity of American Political Development
- Pathways to the Present: Political Development in America
- Analyzing American Political Development as It Happens
- Political Economy and American Political Development
- Liberalism and American Political Development
- Gender and the American State
- Political Culture: Consensus, Conflict, and Culture War
- APD and Rational Choice
- Comparative Politics and American Political Development
- American Political Development and Political History
- Qualitative Methods and American Political Development
- The American State
- Congress and American Political Development
- The Presidency and American Political Development: The Advent—and Illusion—of an Executive-Centered Democracy
- Law and the Courts
- Bureaucracy and the Administrative State
- Federalism and American Political Development
- The States and American Political Development
- Cities and Urbanization in American Political Development
- Patterns in American Elections
- How Suffrage Politics Made—and Makes—America
- Political Parties in American Political Development
- Polarization and American Political Development
- Public Opinion
- Interest Groups and American Political Development
- Social Movements and the Institutionalization of Dissent in America
- The Color Line and the State: Race and American Political Development
- The Welfare State
- The Carceral State and American Political Development
- Identity and Law in American Political Development
- Seeing Sexuality: State Development and the Fragmented Status of LGBTQ Citizenship
- The Family
- The Political Development of the Regulatory State
Abstract and Keywords
We examine the history of political representation in the United States using a multi-stage statistical analysis of the changing relationship between roll call votes in the US House of Representatives and the preferences of citizens (as measured by presidential votes). We show that members of Congress have become considerably more responsive to constituents’ preferences over the past 40 years, reversing a half-century drought in responsiveness stemming from the South’s one-party Jim Crow era. However, the House as a whole has become less representative, veering too far left when Democrats are in the majority and too far right when Republicans are.
Larry M. Bartels is Professor and May Werthan Shayne Chair of Public Policy and Social Science, and Co-Director of the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions at Vanderbilt University.
Joshua D. Clinton is Professor of Political Science, and Co-Director, Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions, Vanderbilt University.
John G. Geer is Distinguished Professor and Chair of Political Science at Vanderbilt University.
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