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date: 18 November 2019

People and Things

People and Things

Names of acting companies

The names of acting companies were extremely fluid, and this is reflected in the usage of contributors to this book. The same troupe might be referred to as the men, servants, or players of a patron, whose titles themselves varied over time. Charles Howard, Lord Howard of Effingham became Lord Admiral in 1585 and Earl of Nottingham in 1597-any of these titles might attach to his company. There were three Earls of Derby who were very active patrons of theatre in the period, which causes further ambiguity. Boy companies (sometimes Children of, sometimes merely boys) were equally problematic. The company which occupied the Second Blackfriars theatre from 1600 to 1608 is particularly problematic: properly the Children of the Chapel (or Chapel Royal) in 1600, they were patented as the Children of the Queen's Revels in 1604 but lost royal patronage by 1606 and become known as the Children of the Revels or Children of the Blackfriars. In 1610 a new patent is issued for the Children of the Queen's Revels, which merged some earlier players with those of the Children of the King's Revels. Understandably, it is common for all of these operations to be covered in a single title, usually Chapel boys, Blackfriars boys, or Queen's Revel boys.

In this index I have tried to disambiguate as far as possible. The leading companies are identified by the shorthand titles most commonly used modern scholars. So (p. 683) Howard/Nottingham's players are listed as the Admiral's Men. The two identifiable Shakespeare companies are the Chamberlain's Men and the King's Men (treated as two units, for all their continuities). In the case of the Earls of Derby, the players of the fourth Earl are listed under the Earl himself as a patron of players (as is often done with somewhat less prominent patrons); those of the fifth Earl are listed under Strange's Men, from the courtesy title he used until he (only briefly) inherited the earldom; Derby's Men is reserved for the players of the sixth Earl. Queen's Men denotes the company set up in 1583 under the patronage of Elizabeth I. Although it could also denote the players patronised by Queen Anna and Queen Henrietta Maria (and is used in that sense in some chapters), they are listed here as Queen Anna's Men and Queen Henrietta's Men. Boy companies are listed under their briefest forms (Chapel boys, Paul's boys, Queen's Revels boys).

Aristocratic and royal titles

My normal practice has been to list peers by their most senior titles, with sufficient cross-referencing to track the more familiar names. So—again to take the most extreme case—Charles Howard appears under Nottingham. Charles Howard. first Earl of; Lord Howard of Effingham. Lord Chamberlain 1583–5. Lord Admiral 1585–1619. That is, senior title first, Christian and family name; whether first, second etc. in the line of creation; a commonly used lower title; offices held which are of note in theatre history. This is cumbersome, but avoids ambiguity. There were many other Howards in the period, several of whom were active patrons of players. There were several Lords Chamberlain, two of whom (father and son) were patrons of the famous troupe which we simplistically call the Chamberlain's Men. And one other Lord Admiral—the Earl of Lincoln—was an active patron of players.

Queen Anna, wife of James I, is listed in this, her preferred style, throughout the index, though sometimes referred to as ‘Queen Anne’ in chapters. The players of the future Charles I are denoted as Prince Charles [I]'s Men, to distinguish them from those of the future Charles II, which are listed as Prince Charles [II]'s Men.

Acting style 29, 378, 477–95, 510
at the Red Bull 226
and lighting 529, 541–2
and music 553
of adult companies 46, 54, 73, 83, 86, 97, 105
of boys' companies 83, 113, 147–9
and parts 502
university vs. professional 287
and women 459
Actors' parts 21–3, 87, 145, 147–8, 271, 300, 316, 387, 441, 447, 484, 496–512, 545, 565–6
Acts and Monuments. See John Foxe
Ad quadratum construction of theatres 588, 590
Adams, John (player) 28, 39
Adams, John Cranford (theatre historian) 179, 197, 587, 598
Adams, Joseph Quincy (theatre scholar) 103, 140, 233, 238 n. 14
Adams, Simon 26 n. 2, 36, 38
Admiral, Lord. See Lord Admiral
Admiral's Men (i.e. the company patronised by Charles, Lord Howard, from 1585 Lord Admiral, from 1597 Earl of Nottingham) touring 46, 56, 66
at the Rose theatre 58–9, 62–3, 66, 80, 178, 385
at the Fortune theatre 58, 62, 73, 80, 371, 385
part of a duopoly? 60–1, 410
in struggle for players with Pembroke's Men 63, 366, 433 n. 3
playwrights and repertory 67–70, 82–3, 500
revision of their plays 368–9
audiences 71, 82
apprentices attached to 419–24
properties 561, 563, 566
become Prince Henry's Men 72–4, 94
Admission price: at commercial theatres 121, 385, 470
at other venues 131, 275, 295
Alabaster, William. See Roxana
Alcestis (Euripides), actor's part from 487
Aldermen of London. See London authorities
All Saints Day 286, 314
Allen, Giles (landlord of the Theatre) 62–3, 80, 172–4, 182–4, 189, 211
Alleyn, Edward (player and entrepreneur) teenager with Worcester's Men 50
with Admiral's Men 41, 45, 46
joins Strange's Men in early 1590s 44, 48, 49, 55, 58, 299, 302
returns to Admiral's Men at the Rose in 1594 58, 60, 178
retires from the stage 1597 59, 62
Shares in building the Fortune, returns to the stage there in Marlowe roles 62, 64, 80, 83, 90
with Philip Henslowe (step-father-in-law) as Wnancier 89, 102, 382, 388, 390, 393–4, 395
as respectable citizen 400–1 (see also Dulwich College)
acting style of 231, 493
his binding of Richard Perkins 419–20, 422 n. 11
images of 578, 580, 582, 583, 584
his part of Orlando 497, 500–3
Alleyn, John (player) 175
Ankersmit, Frank 4, 9–10, 13–14
Annals of England. See Stow, John
Anna (Anne) of Denmark, Queen of England 50, 75, 76, 229, 311, 315, 316, 334. See Queen Anna's Men, Queen's Revels boys
Apology for Actors. See Thomas Heywood
Apothecaries' Company 426–7
Apprentices 24, 51, 164, 169, 188, 196, 205, 230–8, 277, 304, 391, 393, 409, 463, 467, 563, 610, 614
attached to the theatre 98, 384, 400, 413–28, 485
riots 40, 225–8, 235, 254, 615
Archery 385, 409
Armin, Robert (player and writer) 22, 51, 87, 230, 391, 424, 425, 426, 446, 555, 568
apprentices James Jones 423
Artaud, Antonin 5
Arthur, Thomas (servant to George Maller, player) 417–18
Arundel, Henry Fitzalan, twelfth Earl of, as patron of players 20, 272
Arundel, Philip Howard, thirteen Earl of, as patron of players 50, 52, 346
Astington, John on country house productions 271
on court theatre 31, 37, 41, 121, 130, 265, 307–22, 371, 375 n. 15
on playhouse construction and flying machinery 170
on revivals of plays at the Fortune 83
the career of Andrew Cane 428
on visual evidence of early modern theatrical Wgures and practices 579 n. 4, 582, 583 n. 14, 585 n. 15, 600, 606
Astley, Sir John (courtier, Master of the Revels 1622–3) 315, 363 n. 2
Attewell, George (player) 63
Aubigny, Esme Stuart, Seigneur d' 363 n. 3, 377
Austern, Linda Phyllis 552
Authorship of plays 150, 375–9, 441–55
Babham, Christopher (theatrical entrepreneur) 113, 425
Bacon, Anthony 159
Bacon, Lady Anne 159
Bal, Mieke 598
Baldwin, T. W. 443, 450
Bale, John (playwright) 21, 22, 24, 267. See 1 & 2 King John [Johan]
Bale, Robert (chronicler) 326
Ballads, songs and rhymes 543–59
as sources for plays 67
as evidence of theatrical practice 158, 600
characteristic of boys' companies 138, 145, 149
in early companies' repertories 23
in group rehearsal 510
in Orlando 503
in stage directions 517, 518
Sung by Mary Frith 471
used in plays and masques 86–7, 155, 230, 283, 299, 321, 494, 564 n. 10
(p. 685) Banbury (Oxfordshire, touring venue) 301
Bankes, William (player) 114
Banks, owner of the celebrated horse, Morocco 158, 163
Banqueting halls and houses pre-Inigo Jones structures 132, 135, 172, 283, 314, 315, 555, 573
Inigo Jones's Banqueting House at Whitehall 252, 283, 308 (picture), 319, 320, 321
Thomas Puckering's banqueting house 438
Barbour, Richmond 143, 146
Bargate Hall, (Southampton touring venue) 298
Barksted, William (boy player): author of Myrrha, co-author of The Insatiate Countess 142, 148
Barlow, Graham F. 244
Barnes, Barnabe (playwright and writer) 376–7, 514 n. 1, 520
Barroll, J. Leeds on patronage 73–4
on playhouse closures for plague 81, 173, 404
women and drama outside the theatres 271, 459
on ‘Shakespeare without King James’ 430
Barry, Lording (playwright, playhouse investor) 140. See Ram Alley
Barthes, Roland 443
Bartholomewtide 178, 229
Baskervile, James, bigamous third husband of Susan 233, 608, 616
Baskervile, Susan (formerly Browne, Greene), widow of Robert Browne and Thomas Greene 166
Sued by Ellis Worth 608–9
Sues Christopher Beeston 611–12, 620
Sues Queen Anna's Men as widow of a sharer 233–4, 616, 619. See Greene, Susan
Basse, Thomas (player) 619
Bate, Jonathan 601–6
Bath, touring venue 81, 345
Bath, William Bourchier, third Earl of, as patron of players 300, 350–1, 353, 357
Bath, touring venue 81, 345
Bawcutt, N. W. 107, 111, 112, 113, 114, 116, 117, 305 n. 14, 500, 505, 619
Baxandall, Michael 598–9
Baxter, Richard (player) 619–20
Bear-baiting 156, 162, 241, 350, 385, 393, 394, 485
deaths of spectators at 398, 409
locations of arenas for 99, 187, 280. See also Beargarden, Paris Garden, and Hope theatre
Beard, Thomas, Theatre of God's Judgements 472
Bearwards 268, 276, 354
Beauchamp, Edward Seymour, second Lord (later Earl of Hertford, patron of players) 50, 52
Beaumont, Monsieur de, French ambassador 75
Beckerman, Bernard 67, 82, 205 n. 16, 366–7, 522
Bedford, Edward Russell, third Earl of, as patron of players 65
Bedford, Francis Russell, fourth Earl of 65
Beeston, Christopher (player) 607–22
as impresario and playhouse entrepreneur 58, 95–6, 100, 102, 105, 106, 110, 112–13, 115–17, 118, 286, 428, 432, 438, 439, 469
as player 59, 421, 427
commanded by Sir Henry Herbert to eliminate satirical elements in Shirley's The Ball 109. See also Queen Anna's Men, Prince Charles [I]'s Men, Queen Henrietta Maria's Men, Beeston's boys
Beeston, Elizabeth 469
Beeston, Robert (player) 609, 610 n. 5, 611, 616
Beeston, William (theatrical manager) 111, 115, 117
Beeston's boys (popular name for the King and Queen's Young Company of Players) 105, 111, 113, 255, 258, 286, 348, 428, 547, 555
(p. 686) Beggars, masterless players regarded as 32–3, 49
Beggar's Opera. The (John Gay) 224
Bel (Bell) Savage Inn 37, 64, 153, 156–7, 158, 160–2, 170
Bell Inn 21, 64, 153, 156, 157, 158, 160, 161, 163, 164, 170
Belte, Thomas (boy player, apprentice to John Heminges) 419, 426
Benger, Sir Thomas (Master of the Revels) 27–8, 33, 21, 126
Bentley, G. E. 8
on writership 445, 451
on Beeston 256, 257
n the Cockpit-in-Court 249 n. 9, 251
on companies formed after 1625 348
on The Court Beggar 258
on lawsuits 255 n. 14
on music associated with boys' companies 220–1
on patrons 349
on performances of The Fair Maid of the West 378
on the Phoenix 256
on records of Christmas performances 92 n. 3
on repertory and taste 367–8
on Taylor as Burbage's replacement 100 n. 13
on the Theatre 212
on theatrical expenses 44
The Jacobean and Caroline Stage 578, 619
The Profession of Dramatist in Shakespeare's England 443–4
Bentley, John (player) 39, 52
Berkeley Castle 297, 348
Berkeley, Henry, Lord, as patron of players 50–1, 293–4, 296, 301, 303, 346, 347–8, 359
Berkeley, Sir Richard 300
Berkeley, William (courtier playwright) 547
Berry, Herbert on the Bel Savage 161 n. 16
on the Boar's Head 63 n. 8
on the Cockpit-in-Court 614
his identification of the Curtain 168
on inns as performance spaces 153, 164, 348
on lighting 533
on the Phoenix 244, 248 n. 6
on public vs. private playhouses 134
on the Theatre 174, 182, 184, 194
on the theatre boom of 1575–8 24
his transcription of legal documents relating to the Red Lion 171
Best, John (grocer, cock-master) 252, 614
Bevington, David on size of troupes 125 n. 2
on props and costumes 563 n. 5
Bill posters and posting 161–2. See also Playbills
Birch, George, alias Burgh (boy and adult player, courier) 22, 427
Birch, Richard (player) 423
Birche, John (player) 26
Bird, Theophilus (player) 427
Bird, William, alias Borne (player) 67, 368, 369, 370, 470
Birke, Sixt, German humanist 123
Bishop of London 109
Blackfriars boys. See Chapel boys, Queen's Revels boys.
Blackfriars district. See London and environs, Liberties
Blackstone, Mary 20, 26
Blagrave, Thomas (acting Master of the Revels) 34, 35, 126, 130
Blagrave, William (deputy Master of the Revels) 105, 110, 113, 114, 116, 425
Blake, Anne 141, 148 n. 16, 149
Blanke, Sir Thomas, Lord Mayor of London 405
Blau, Herbert 15
Blayney, Peter 54, 70
Bloch, Marc 576
Bloom, Gina 545
Blytheman, William, citizen, stager of plays 154
Boar's Head Inn / playhouse 24, 58, 61, 63–4, 65, 67, 68, 71, 155, 160, 166, 178, 184, 348, 395, 470, 532, 533, 545
Boleyn, Anne (queen of England) 327, 335, 336, 337
Bonds 80, 99, 154, 156, 422, 433
Book of Common Prayer 145
Book of Martyrs. See John Foxe
Book of Sports. See James I
Booth, Abram, engraver 168, 194
Bourdieu, Pierre 442, 454–5
Bower, Richard (musician, Master of the Chapel) 125, 127
Bowers, Fredson 582 n. 12
Bowers, Roger 145
Bowling 108, 241, 268, 557
(p. 687) Boy players 276
acting style 96
as apprentices with adult companies 98, 384, 391, 413–28, 485–6
companies of 41, 49, 82, 83, 92, 96–8, 104–19, 120–35, 136–50, 187, 192, 229, 255, 258, 286, 317, 364, 445
competition between boys' and adult companies 362
impressed into companies 506–7
and music 220, 510, 545–9, 551, 552, 554–6
playing women and children 23, 373, 545, 561, 568, 569, 599
repertories of boys' companies 27, 435
homoerotics of 138, 143–6, 149
ages when playing women 427
theatres connected with 535, 538–9. See also Thomas Belte
George Burgh
Thomas Clifton
Abel Cooke
Alexander Cooke
Alexander Goughe
Stephen Hammerton
John Hind
Thomas Holcombe
John Honyman
Thomas Jordan
William Ostler
Robert Pallant
Salomon Pavy
John Pig
Thomas Pollard
Timothy Reade
John Rice
William Robins
Richard Robinson
James Sandes
Henry Savage
Arthur Savill
Richard Sharpe
John Thompson
William Trigge
John Wilson
William Wilson
John Wright
Boy companies. See Beeston's boys (King's and Queen's Young Company)
Blackfriars boys
Chapel boys
Children of the Queen's Chamber of Bristol
Children of the Revels
King's Revels boys
Merchant Taylors' boys
Oxford's boys
Queen's Revels boys
Paul's boys. St Paul's school boys
Westminster school boys
Whitefriars boys
Windsor Chapel boys
Boyle, William (playwright) 67
Bradshaw, Richard (player) 357
Braithwaite, Richard 507
Brayne, Ellen (wife of Richard Burbage) 392
Brayne, John (grocer, playhouse entrepreneur, brother of Ellen) 24, 57–8, 157, 169–70, 171–2, 175, 177, 180, 182, 183, 185, 392, 417–18, 468
Brayne, Margaret (wife and widow of John) 175, 180
her significance to theatre history 468–9
Brecht, Bertholt 524
Breight, Curtis 272–4
Brewers 415, 421, 422, 424
Bridewell, prison and hospital, formerly palace 84, 147, 157–8, 402, 610–11, 613
Bridgwater, Somerset 81
records of apprentices 420, 426
Brinsley, Joseph 453
Bristol (City of, touring venue) 66, 217, 297, 299, 301, 302, 305, 345, 547
Brooks, Douglas 431 n. 2, 448
Brown, Henry (of Norwich) 52
Brown, John (player) 27
Browne, Francis (son of Susan Greene) 234
Browne, Robert (player, of the Boar's Head, 1603 58, 63–4, 395
Browne, Robert (player, of Whitefriars et al., alive in 1610) 470
Browne, Robert (player, Worcester's, Admiral's) 44
Browne, Susan. See Greene, Susan
Browne, Thomas (headmaster of Westminster school) 124
Browne, Valentine 109
Brownstein, Oscar 172
Bruster, Douglas 561 n. 3, 562–7
Bryan, George (player) 46
Buc, Sir George (Master of the Revels 1610–21) 363, 375, 379 n. 18
Buchell, Aernout van 591, 593
plate of his drawing of the Swan 204, 592
Buckhurst, Thomas Sackville, first Lord 442. See Gorboduc
Buckingham, Edward Stafford, third Duke of 276
as represented in Shakespeare and Fletcher's Henry VIII 518
Buckingham, George Villiers, first Duke of 256
Buckingham, Henry Stafford, second Duke of, as represented in Shakespeare's Richard III 489–90
(p. 688) Buckle, Sir Cuthbert, Lord Mayor of London 410–11
Bull Inn 21, 64, 153, 154, 159, 160–7, 170,
Bull-baiting 241
Burbage, Cuthbert (businessman) 58, 95, 100, 102, 174, 182, 187, 189
Burbage, Ellen (wife of James). See Ellen Brayne
Burbage, family of 58, 62, 63, 65, 80, 89, 177, 182, 183, 186–7, 189, 211, 213, 215, 382, 393, 394, 486
Burbage, James (joiner, player) 49, 52, 56, 62, 63, 157, 169, 182, 186, 191, 192, 212, 410, 417–18, 468–9
as entrepreneur 57–8, 134, 180, 211, 392, 395, 539
builds the Theatre in 1576 25, 37, 170, 171–3, 174, 175, 182, 185, 292, 484–5
principal of Leicester's Men 178
Burbage, Richard (player) as actor 231, 285, 287, 288, 338, 378, 388, 392, 477, 479, 483–4, 485, 486, 490, 507, 510, 549, 561, 567, 569, 608 n. 1
as businessman 58, 60, 78, 81, 90, 100 n. 13, 134, 178, 186, 187, 191, 215, 223, 372
his death 321
Burckhardt, Jacob 577
Burghley, William Cecil, first Lord (Lord Treasurer) 26 n. 1, 31, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 130, 179, 268, 278, 352, 409, 410
Burke, Peter (social historian) 575–6, 586, 605
Burton, Robert (writer) 282, 499
Busby, John 7
Butler, Martin 104–19, 398
Buttry, William, mercer 24
Callaghan, Dympna 456–9
Caludon Castle, seat of Lord Berkeley, touring venue 51, 294–301, 348, 359
Cambridge University 268, 271, 280, 350, 442
academic theatre at 228, 265, 271, 280–91, 343, 453, 458 n. 3, 579 n. 5
playwrights from 287
Cambridge (city), touring venue 284, 302, 352, 354, 434
Campion, Thomas (musician and poet) 315. See Proteus and the Adamantine Rock; The Lords' Masque
Cane (Kane), Andrew (player and goldsmith) 114, 422–3, 425–6, 427, 428
Canterbury (city of), touring venue 298–305, 343, 403, 436
Canterbury, Archbishop of. See William Laud, John Whitgift
Carew, Sir George, Baron of Clopton 617
Carew, Thomas (poet) 112, 228, 256
Carey, Henry, Lord Hunsdon. See Hunsdon, Henry Carey, first Lord
Carey, Sir George, Lord Hunsdon. See Hunsdon, Sir George Carey, second Lord of
Carlell, Lodowick (courtier playwright). See Arviragus and Philicia; The Fool fiould Be a Favourite
Carleton, Dudley (later Sir Dudley) 74, 254
Carlisle, touring venue 305
Carpenters' Company 154, 169–70, 415 n. 3
Cartwright, Thomas 408
Cartwright, William (courtier dramatist) 547. See The Royal Slave
Cary, Elizabeth (aristocrat, playwright) 271, 460
Cave, Sir Ambrose 278
Cavendish, Margaret, Duchess of Newcastle 271
Cavendish, William, later Earl, Marquess, Duke of Newcastle, (courtier, playwright) 547, 553
Cawarden, Sir Thomas (Master of the Revels) 34, 126, 312
Cecilia, Princess of Sweden 122–4
Censorship development of governmental system of 33, 38, 40
in the 1990 295
of performances in London 402–3, 407
of Philotas 445
of press and connections with regulation of drama 32
and relationships between players and playwrights 446
(p. 689) of Sir Thomas More 61
and Edmund Tilney 363
Ceresano, Susan P. on Alleyn as financial asset 48
on reasons for building the Fortune 62
on entrepreneurs and economics 380–95
on Henslowe's theatrical ventures as serving other ambitions 430
on the economic stability of playing 431
on women as an economic factor in playing 458–60
on costumes 471
Chaloner, Sir Thomas 267
Chamber, Treasurer of the 74
household accounts of 36, 40
Chamberlain, John 75, 188, 254, 255
Chamberlains, Lord. See Lord Chamberlains
Chamberlain's Men (i.e. the troupe patronised by the first and second Lords Hunsdon) 59–71, 78, 82, 88, 94
made up of a core of Strange's Men 45, 159
patronised by first Lord Hunsdon 49, 159 and second Lord Hunsdson 73
part of a planned duopoly? 59–68, 178, 188–90
use the Theatre 178–82, 212–15
plan to use Second Blackfriars playhouse 134, 211
create the Globe 186–208. Shareholders and investing 189, 386, 392, 395
at court 307, 366–73
at Inns of Court 285, 290
at John Harington's house 299, 439
perform for Essex's supporters 355
performance and print of their plays 431
acting style 480–95
become the King's Men 72ff. See also both Lords Hunsdon
Robert Armin
Richard Burbage
Will Kempe
Augustine Phillips
Thomas Pope
William Shakespeare
Chambers, E. K. 8, 28, 92 n. 3, 300 n. 8, 386, 392, 396, 443, 591
The Elizabethan Stage 4, 382–3, 578
London's centrality to his work 348
on the illustration of Titus Andronicus 594–5, 596, 600
on migration of players to other companies 351
on the Lord Chamberlain's position in ‘hierarchy’ of royal household 34
on patronage 73
on the Red Lion 170
on the relationship between the City of London and the theatres 397
on the revision of Every Man In His Humor 374
on touring companies 345, 347
Chandos, Giles Brydges, third Lord, as patron of players 50, 51, 296
players on tour 51, 66, 80, 296
Chapel boys 37, 66, 98, 124–8, 130–4, 138, 145, 211, 223, 284, 364, 543
tour with the Queen's Men 44
music 546. (This is the company attached to the choir school of the Chapel Royal. In 1604 it became the Children of the Queen's Revels, then of the Revels, then of the Blackfriars.) See Queen's Revels boys.
Chapel Royal, Gentlemen Players of 20
Chapel Royal, Master of the. See Richard Bower; Richard Edwards; Richard Farrant; Nathaniel Giles
Chapels 120, 265–6, 268, 312
Chapman, Ambrosius (draper, stager of plays) 154
Characters 22
as parts rather than identities 443, 447, 496, 502, 510
crossdressed 144, 147
in Cambyses 27–30
in Elizabethan usage
and personation 477–95
lighting indicating class of 530
and gendered performance of music onstage 554–6
political resonances of 61
and properties in The Alchemist 567
and properties in The Tempest 568
‘vice,’ 21–2
women 23, 458 n. 3
Charles I, King of England 104, 108, 111, 236, 242, 303, 347
and changing theatrical regulations 110
as prince 268
created Prince of Wales 338
compared to his father
Love's Mistress as birthday gift from Henrietta Maria to 112
and masques 206
pageants in honor of 338
and the plague 118
Sees plays at Oxford. Spaces used for court performances under 309, 311, 319, 320, 321
(Re his company of players (p. 690) before ascending the throne, see Prince Charles [I]'s Men.)
Charles II, King of England 251, 322, 348
as prince 110, 114. (For his pre-1642 company of players, see Prince Charles [II]'s Men.)
Charles Louis, Prince (son of Princess Elizabeth) 108
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor 172, 336, 337
Charney, Maurice 147
Chatsworth House (Derbyshire, touring venue) 66, 249, 301
Cheshire, touring venue 65, 343, 408, 426
Chester (City of, touring venue) 269, 343
Children of Paul's. See Paul's boys
Children of the Chapel Royal. See Chapel boys
Children of the Queen's Chamber of Bristol 547
Children of the Queen's Revels. See Queen's Revels boys
Children of the Revels (latterly the Company of His Majesty's Revels, Caroline troupe) 105, 107, 111, 118, 348
Children of Windsor Chapel. See Windsor Chapel boys
Cholmley, John (grocer and partner to Philip Henslowe) 470
Cholmley, Sir Richard (player)s of 299–300, 301
Choristers in plays 120, 124–33, 139, 212, 221, 312, 324, 423 n. 12, 546
Christ Church, Oxford 499, 500
Hall 281, 282, 284
Christ's College, Cambridge 281, 288
Christ's Hospital (school) 330, 407
Christian IV, King of Denmark 338
Christmas revels: at court 45, 49–50, 53, 66, 74, 82, 92–3, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 133, 188, 307, 308, 310, 313, 314, 317, 321, 364, 365, 389
absence of Prince Henry's Men at in 1613 94–5
at the Inns of Court 281–2
at Oxford 282
Christmas 162, 612, 616
theatrical season of 20, 27, 41, 46, 49, 92, 93, 120, 123, 370, 389, 438, 612, 616
dismantling of the Theatre on 63, 174, 189
printed texts coindiding with court performances at 75, 370, 371, 376
provincial performances during 46, 51, 268, 269, 270, 271, 276, 277, 299–300, 302, 359, 437
Churches as playing spaces 265–6, 282, 402
for boys 120, 131
for professional actors 23, 43, 44, 298
Cicero, Marcus Tullius 453
City alnager 393
Civil War 118, 242, 258, 311, 355, 422, 428, 438
Clare College, Cambridge 282
Clark, Alice Working Life of Women in the Seventeenth Century 461–3, 469
Clark, George (architect) 243
Clarke, Hugh (player) 427
Clay, Nathaniel (player) 422
Clerkenwell Play 154
Clifford family 300, 305, 437
Clifton, Henry (father of Thomas, kidnapped boy player) 138, 506–7, 546
Clifton, Thomas (imprest boy player) 145, 506–7
Clinton, Edward Fiennes, Lord. See Earl of Lincoln
Clopton, George Carew, first Lord, Receiver General to Queen Anna 617–18
Clowns and clowning 41, 46, 51, 87, 94, 95, 96, 97, 144, 158, 190, 228, 230, 231, 237, 311, 391, 401, 418, 424, 438, 553, 568, 569, 571& n. 15, 608, 611
Cobham, William Brooke, tenth Lord 20 n. 4
Cockpit in Drury Lane (also called Phoenix) 58, 95, 106, 117, 207, 244–8, 252–60, 528, 550
and apprentices' riot 225–8, 235, 254–5, 615
and Christopher Beeston 112–13, 115–16, 234, 235, 469, 607–22
as locale for fashionable plays 108, 109
distinguished from Cockpit-in-Court 242
its management by William Davenant 107
and Prince Charles's [I] Men 100, 102
and the Queen's Men (Henrietta Maria) 105, 111, 437
patronized by Inns of Court students 288–9
performed same plays as Red Bull 227, 236
private theater built in 1617
renovated and renamed Phoenix 240, 243
as Restoration theatre 499
(p. 691) and the Servants of Queen Anna 225, 232 n. 7, 549
Social status of audiences at 230
Cockpit-in-Court 242, 248–52, 320, 321, 322
remodelled 241, 243
Inigo Jones's designs of 578
Collaboration among writers 84, 88, 137, 142, 150, 431, 445, 450–5
among players 44, 48, 86
and female theatrical labour 468–9
and the theatrical process 491, 526–7
as feature of household entertainments 275, 279
between writers and Masters of the Revels 376, 379
between writers and musicians 547
Collier, J. P. 67
Collins, James (grocer) 419
Collinson, Patrick (historian) 26 n. 2, 398, 408
Comedy academic 282
appreciation of 289
citizen 232
city 83, 84, 86, 140, 235 n. 13, 552
domestic 391
generic conventions of 67, 135, 492, 570
Latin 126
in repertories 54, 55, 99, 107, 108, 226, 548
Meres on famous writers of 288, 352, 442
parody 148
and parts 510
performance styles of 54, 105, 230–1, 235, 489, 569
performed at court 307, 321
Roman 30, 123, 125, 374
Commedia dell'arte 489, 576
Commodity early drama as 122, 383, 432
Common Council, Court of. See London authorities
Compass braces (in a playhouse) 170
Compton, Henry, first Lord 354
Compton, Sir William. See Earl of Northampton
Condell, Henry (player) 58, 78, 102, 103, 400, 401, 470, 608 n. 1
Constables 184, 325, 357, 410
Conversation onstage 484, 489, 491, 493
Cook, Ann Jennalie, on audiences 71, 80, 146, 223 n. 13, 226 n. 1, 398, 458 n. 3
Cooke, Abel (boy player, apprentice to Thomas Kendall (player)) 421
Cooke, Alexander (Saunder?, boy and adult player, apprentice to John Heminges) 391, 419, 423–4, 426& n. 14, 427
Cooke, John (writer). See Greenes Tu Quoque
Cooke, Lionel (player) 39
Cooke, Richard (player) 26
Cope, Jackson 148
Cornish, William, Master of the Chapel Royal 125
Cornwall, Duke of in King Lear 376
Cornwall, touring venue 269
Corpus Christi plays 535
processions 296. See also Mystery plays
Costume. See Stage costume
Cotgrave, Randle, Dictionarie (French-English) 533
Court of Aldermen. See London authorities
Court of Common Council. See London authorities
Court of King's Bench 170
Court of Requests 117, 233
Court of Star Chamber 213 n. 4, 269–70, 300, 377
Court performances 44, 74, 92–5, 102, 112, 122, 127–33, 176, 216, 233, 252 n. 12, 273, 307–22, 345, 367–79, 391, 433, 435, 436
Coventry, touring venue 20, 51, 65, 74, 81, 294, 301, 302, 303, 345, 350, 359, 417
Cowdray, seat of ViscountMontagu 273, 275, 278
Cox, John D. 451, 579& n. 3
Craik, T. W. 267
Crane, Ralph, (scrivener) 514, 564
Crane, William (Master of the Chapel Royal) 125
Cranfield, Lionel, financier, later Earl of Middlesex 399
Crashaw, William (preacher) 139
Crofts, William 108
Cromwell, Oliver (lord protector of England) 259
Cromwell, Richard (lord protector of England) 259
Cromwell, Thomas (lord chancellor) 125, 267, 295
Cross Keys Inn 37, 46, 64, 65, 153, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 163, 170, 186, 411, 415
Crosse, Nicholas (apprentice to John Heminges) 423 n. 12
(p. 692) Crosse, Samuel (player) 39
Crown, The (i.e. the government) 19, 32, 35, 41, 80, 150, 164, 165, 296, 303 n. 12, 304, 309, 311, 324, 333, 336, 339, 393, 399
Cumber, John (player) 613
Cumberland, touring venue 65, 305, 355, 356
Daborne, Robert (playwright) 439, 505
Daniel, John, patent holder for the Children of the Queen's Chamber of Bristol (composer) 547& n. 12
Darcy, John, Lord, patron of players 50
David, John (prize fencer) 162
Davidson, Clifford 581–5, 606
Davidson, James West 2
Davies, John (satirist) 195–6, 446
Dawes, Robert, (player, his contract) 509
De Dilva, Guzman, ambassador of Philip II of Spain 27
Delawarre, Thomas West, second Lord, his players 300
Dench, Dame Judi 429
Denmark 378
Derby, Ferdinando Stanley, fifth Earl of; Lord Strange 38, 41, 46, 53, 346, 354. See also Strange's Men
Derby, Henry Stanley, fourth Earl of, as patron of players 30, 38, 41, 46, 54, 268, 346, 354
Derby, James Stanley, seventh Earl of, as patron of players 356
Derby, William Stanley, sixth Earl of 58, 268, 269, 278, 346, 360, 364, 366. See also Derby's Men
Derby's Men 58, 63& n. 8, 65, 66, 69, 71, 268, 269, 364
touring 303, 305. (This refers to the company under the sixth Earl of Derby. See also the entries for the fourth Earl and for Strange's Men for other companies under this title.)
Dering, Sir Edward: collects playbooks 438
his household entertainments 270–1
Derrida, Jacques 4
Of Grammatology 181–2
Devereux, Robert. See second Earl of Essex
Devereux, Sir Walter. See first Earl of Essex
Devon, touring venue 292, 301, 302, 353, 354, 426
DeWitt, Johannes. See Witt, Johannes de
Dicing 472
dicing houses 402
Digby, Lord George, later second Earl of Bristol 108
Digby, Robert Digby, first Baron 108
Digby, Sir John 108
Digges, Leonard (writer) 228& n. 2, 290–1
Divine Services. See Feast Days. Sundays
Doctorow, E. L. 2, 5
Donohue, Joseph 5
Dorset, Edward Sackville, fourth Earl of 111, 114
Dorset, Henry Grey, third Marquess of (later Duke of Suffolk), as patron of players 267
Dorset, touring venue 44, 56, 65, 298, 302, 354
Doubling of roles 21–2, 300, 484
(p. 693) Dover, touring venue 81, 292, 305
Downton, Thomas (player) 369, 370
Drapers' Company 326–33, 413, 414, 418 n. 6, 425
Drayton, Michael (playwright, playhouse investor) 442
Dresden (players visit) 46
Drolls 238
Drummond, William 74
Dudley, Edward Sutton, fifth Lord, as patron of players 65, 79, 268, 269, 438
Dudley, Robert, Earl of Leicester. See Leicester, Robert Dudley, first Earl of
Dugdale, Gilbert: The Time Triumphant 72, 73, 76
Duke of Holstein. See Holstein, Duke of
Duke of Lennox. See Lennox, Duke of
Duke, John (player) 59, 233 n. 10, 608 n. 1
Dulwich College 48, 394, 497, 580, 582
Dunkenhalgh Hall, Lancashire, touring venue 268, 305
Dutton, John (weaver, player) 28, 30, 39, 45, 351, 418 n. 7
Dutton, Laurence (weaver, player) 28, 30, 45, 351, 357, 418 n. 7
Dutton, Richard 32, 188 n. 1, 189 n. 2, 362–79
on 1574 patent granted to Leicester's Men 61
on boys' companies 144, 435
on censorship 146
on copyright 444 n. 2
on patronage 73
on Whitefriars theatre 140–1
Earle, John (writer): Microcosmographie, satire of Inns of Court men 288
Earle, Peter 464–5
Earthquake 288
Easter 59, 266, 270
Ecclesiastical courts 40, 128, 610 n. 5
Economics of theatre 65, 294–5, 332, 366–7, 380–95, 430, 461ff
Edmond, Mary 45, 169, 392
Edward IV, King of England 69, 276
Edward VI, King of England 21, 32, 337, 399
Edwards (Edwardes), Richard, (Master of the Children of the Chapel Royal (playwright) 124, 127, 135, 282, 284, 290, 442, 546. See ‘Palamon and Arcite’, Damon and Pythias.
Egerton, Sir Thomas, later Lord Ellesmere, Lord Keeper 445
Eley, Geoff 10
Eliot, T. S. 4, 231 n. 5
Elizabeth (Stuart), Princess, after Queen of Bohemia 256, 268, 283, 314, 338, 347, 399, 436, 564, 616
as patron of players, see Lady Elizabeth's Men
Elizabeth I, Queen of England 133, 268, 310, 311, 312, 429
accession of 339
addressed in drama 30, 132
and her company of players 27, 346, 349, 365
her coronation entry 332 n. 20, 336, 337
drama performed for 122–4, 125, 126, 127, 128, 131, 144, 281, 282, 313, 314, 538
eventually preferred professional drama 36
faction at the court of 26
images of 600
and marriage alliances 31
nostalgia for 76
her progresses 271–5, 337–8
regulation of theatre under 32–3, 73
represented on the stage 373
and The Winter's Tale 221
Elliott, John R. 280 n. 1, 289
Elsinore 46, 293, 378
Elvetham entertainment 49, 271, 272, 274, 275, 278, 279
England's Helicon 448
English, John (player) 21
Erne, Lukas 375, 376, 431, 448–9
‘Esore’ (easement?) 180
Essex (County of), touring venue 288, 398, 430
Essex, Captain Charles 213 n. 4
Essex, Earls of 20
Essex, Robert Devereux, second Earl of 50, 346, 355, 364, 373
rebellion of 61, 146
Essex, Robert Devereux, third Earl of 314, 315
Essex, Walter Devereux, Wrst Earl of, as patron of players 346, 354
(p. 694) Essex's Men (i.e. players of the second Earl) 46, 50, 51, 66, 269, 346, 353
Eure, Ralph, third Lord, as patron of players 65, 79
Evans, Henry (manager of the Blackfriars boys) 58 n. 4, 78, 132, 133, 134, 138, 211, 223, 506, 507
Evans, Thomas 78
Excommunication 128
Exeter (City of), touring venue 300, 301, 302
Falstaff, Sir John (Shakespearean character) 93, 291, 372
Farmer, Alan 70, 371 n. 10
Farrant, Richard (musician, Master of the Chapel) 37, 128, 132, 134, 210–11, 212, 284, 547, 552
Faversham, Kent 52, 301, 305
Feats of activity acrobatics 43, 44, 128, 134, 191, 337, 456
Feats of activity acrobatics 43, 44, 128, 134, 191, 337, 456
juggling 20, 582
ropedancing 20, 43, 54
tumbling 20, 43, 45, 49, 54
vaulting 45
Fencers and fencing prizes 20, 134, 156, 161–2, 163, 165, 166, 238, 410
Field, John (anti-theatrical writer) 408
A Godly Exhortation 398
Field, Nathan (player and playwright) 98, 99, 100, 101, 141, 142, 148, 251, 376, 445, 446, 550. See also Amends for Ladies; The Fatal Dowry; A Woman is a Weathercock
Figueiro, Vasco, The Spaniards Monarchie 159
Fines. See Bonds
First Blackfriars theatre 37, 120, 132–4, 158, 545
Fisher, John 243 n. 3
Fisher, Sidney 168
Fisher, Will 147
Fishmongers Company 331, 334
Fitzjames, Sir James, patron of players 354
Fleay, F. G. 8, 9
Flecknoe, Richard (writer) 140, 159, 163
Fleetwood, William (recorder of London) 52, 179, 397, 401, 410
Florio, John (writer) First Fruites 157
Foakes, R. A. 67, 578 n. 3, 581, 582, 583 n. 14, 587, 591, 593, 594, 596, 597, 602 n. 31, 606
Folger Shakespeare Library (Washington, D.C.) 179, 497
Folkerth, Wes 544
Fools 84, 91 n. 2, 97, 231, 289, 401, 555, 568, 569, 582
Forman, Simon, eyewitness of plays 196, 561
Fortescue, Henry, patron of players 353
Fortescue, Richard, patron of players 353
Foscarini, Antonio, Venetian ambassador 90–1 & n. 1
Foucault, Michel 4, 443–4
Foul papers 270
Foxe, John 406
as author of plays 284
Acts and Monuments 155, 399
France (Annales school in) 10, 123, 125, 326, 327, 377, 461, 466 n. 9, 497, 503
Frith, Mary 459, 471
(p. 695) Fryer, Robert (goldsmith, stager of plays) 400
Fuller, Thomas, History of the Worthies of England 539
Furnival's Inn 281
Furnivall, F. J. 8
Gaedertz, K. T., and the De Witt drawing of the Swan 591 n. 22, 592
Gager, William (playwright) 282, 288, 442
Gair, Reavley 125, 129, 131 n. 5, 147, 546
Gardens 243, 272, 281, 310, 336, 339, 388, 438, 523, 524, 621
Garland, John (player) 39
Garrard, George (clergyman) 108, 109
Gascoigne, George 278, 442
Gawdy, Philip 196
Gawthorpe Hall, touring venue 269, 297, 298, 305, 359
Gayton, Edmund (writer) 227, 228 n. 2, 508
Geertz, CliVord 13, 14
Gentlemen's rooms 192, 196, 205
Germany 497, 596
Gerritsen, Johan 374, 591
Gershow, Frederic (eyewitness at the Blackfriars theatre) 548&n
Gesta Grayorum 282, 284, 291
Gibbons, Brian 83–4
Gibson, Richard (player) 21
Gifts 352
and Elizabeth's coronation entry 336
plays as 112, 121–4, 296, 297, 331, 366
in patronage system 43, 44, 127, 128, 293, 294, 359
Gilburne, Samuel (player) 421
Giles, Nathaniel (Master of the Chapel and manager of the Blackfriars boys), 138 & n, 546
Giles, Thomas (Master of the Children of Paul's) 133
Glapthorne, Henry (playwright). See Argalus and Parthenia; The Lady Mother
Globe theatre 12, 61, 62, 64, 67, 71, 77, 98, 99, 103, 105, 106, 156, 171, 176, 184, 185, 186–208, 248, 289, 292, 297, 300, 316, 320, 355, 366, 367, 373, 376, 387, 394, 395, 426, 470, 514, 525, 535, 561, 569, 588, 609;
and acting style 477–95;
ad quadratum construction in 588;
building of 58, 63, 169, 177, 179, 182, 211, 212, 386;
burning down of in 1613 and rebuilding 88–9, 221, 533;
and the Chamberlain/King's Men 73, 78, 79, 80, 81, 83, 97, 107, 134, 229, 231, 371, 372, 381, 382, 433, 564;
compared to the Blackfriars 209–10, 218, 220, 222, 224;
compared to the Fortune
compared to the Red Bull 226, 235 n. 11
lighting at 528, 529, 532, 534
music at 545, 549, 550, 553 n. 39
visual evidence of 587, 589, 590, 593, 598
Gloucester (city), touring venue 23, 51, 295, 296–305
common council of 51
Gloucester, Humphrey, Duke of 20
Goffe, Thomas (barber-surgeon, player, playwright): see The Careless Shepherdess; The Courageous Turk
Goldsmiths' Company 331, 333, 334, 392, 418, 423–4, 428, 468
Gombrich, E. H. (art historian) 605
Gossett, Suzanne 454, 459
Gosson, Stephen, School of Abuse 157, 179, 401, 406, 472, 505, 555
Plays Confuted in Five Actions 472, 558
Goughe, Alexander (boy player, son of Robert) 426–7
Goughe, Robert (player) 426
Goughe, Thomas (player) 28, 418 n. 7
Gower, John (in Pericles) 334
Gowthwaite or Gowlthwaite Hall, touring venue 269–70, 299–300
Grafton, Richard (chronicler) 337
Graves, R. B. 215 n. 9, 216–17, 218 n. 10, 528–42
Gray, William 512
Gray's Inn 66, 281–5, 313–14, 536. See also Gesta Grayorum
Greaves, John (player) 28
Green Dragon inn 160–1, 167
Greenblatt, Stephen 269 n. 3, 270
Greene, Robert (writer, playwright) 92, 286, 442, 554
Menaphon 454
(p. 696) Greene, Susan (formerly Browne). See Susan Baskervile
Greene, Thomas (leading comic player) 62, 93, 94, 230, 233, 238, 470, 608–9, 612, 613 n. 17, 620
GreenWeld, Peter 50, 292–306
Greenwich Palace, theatre in 283, 310, 363
Greg, Sir W. W. 4, 9, 15, 67, 69 n. 14, 382, 502
Grocers' Company 78, 331, 398, 408, 413, 417, 419, 442, 469
Guilburne, Samuel, apprentice to Augustine Phillips 421
Guildhall, seat of City of London government 188 n. 1, 327, 329, 330, 333& n.22, 334, 397, 412
Guildhalls, provincial 204, 383
Leicester 297 & n. 4
Ludlow 360
Stratfordupon-Avon 360
Guilds. See Livery Companies
Guilpin, Everard (writer), Skialetheia 182
Gunnell, Richard, (player, founding manager of The Salisbury Court theatre) 105, 112–17, 422
Gurr, Andrew 7, 58 n. 4, 75, 76, 87, 102, 130 n. 4, 131, 186–208, 236, 561 n. 2
on the Blackfriars 210 n. 2, 211 n. 3, 223
on Caroline shift in licensing practices 110, 303 n. 12
on the ‘duopoly’ of the Admiral's men and Chamberlain's men 59–60, 68, 410–11
on Lady Elizabeth's men 432, 433 n. 3, 438
on playhouse venues 62, 64, 65, 78, 106, 114, 159, 175, 178, 182, 360
on properties 561 n. 2, 563 n. 7
on repertories 82, 83, 137 n. 3
on social composition of public theater
audiences 71, 458 n. 3
Gylles, Thomas (mercer, supplier of costumes) 24
Haaker, Ann, on Richard Brome's contract with Salisbury Court 114, 116, 117
Haberdashers' Company 311, 421
Habington, William. See The Queen of Aragon
Hall (Halle), Edward (chronicler) 271
Halpern, Richard 454
Hamlen, Robert (player) 619
Hammerton, Stephen, (boy player apprenticed to William Perry, subject of lawsuit) 116, 424–6
Hammond, John (player) 21
Hampton Court Palace, theatre in 252, 284, 308, 310, 363, 536–8
Hancock, Thomas (citizen, stager of plays) 154
Harbage, Alfred: on boy companies 121, 137
on Henslowe as rival to the King's men 433 n. 5
on social composition of public theater audiences 146
Hardwick Hall, touring venue 297, 301, 345
Harington, Sir John
Chamberlain's Men perform at his Rutland estate 299, 439
Harris, James 243, 244
Harrison, Johanna (widow of Matthew Harrison) 166–7
Harrison, Matthew (inn-owner) 165–6
Harrison, Stephen (artiWcer), author of The Arches of Triumph 338
Harryot, Henry (player) 26
Hart, William (player) 258
Harvey, Gabriel (writer, controversialist), comments on the theatre 27–8, 132
Haskell, Francis 577
Haughton, William (playwright) 67
Hausted, Peter (Cambridge preacher and playwright). See The Rival Friends
Hawes, Sir James, Lord Mayor of London 406–8
Hawkins, Sir John 35
Haywarde, Richard, apprentice to Richard Tarlton 419
Heminges (Heminge), John (player, grocer, business manager of the King's Men) 58, 89, 95, 100, 102–3, 189, 421, 422, 494, 608 n. 1.
Sued by daughter Thomasine 98–9
Heminges, Thomasina (daughter of John): marries William Ostler, sues her father 98–9
(p. 697) Heminges, William 97
Henrietta Maria (queen of England) and Caroline court drama 112, 317
Catholicism of 311
and Christopher Beeston 111, 257
and Histriomastix 283
visits Blackfriars theatre 108. See also Queen Henrietta's Men
Henry Stuart (Prince of Wales). See Prince Henry Frederick; Prince Henry's Men
Henry V (Laurence Olivier Wlm) 179, 218
Henry VII 68, 309, 310, 337, 338
as patron of players 20. See the King's players
Henry VIII (king of England) 266, 276, 309
court festivities of 315, 320
courts of 307, 310, 311
and creation of Revels Office 33, 34, 126, 312–13
and development of licensing practices 32
dissolution of the monasteries under 139, 164, 210
with Charles V 172
and foundation of boys' companies 125
and If You Know Not Me, You Know Nobody 76
as patron 20–1, 417
as performer 271
royal entries during the reign of 337
and theWatch 326–7. See the King's players
Henshew, Mr (clergyman) 159
Henslowe papers 48, 382, 443
Henslowe, Agnes, wife of Philip 469
Henslowe, Francis (nephew of Philip) 59, 63
Henslowe, Philip (dyer, Wnancier) 58–9, 62, 92 n. 5, 100, 176, 177, 313, 363, 400, 430, 596
and actors' parts 504, 505, 509
on additions to and revisions of plays 368–71
his Wnancial altercation with Lady Elizabeth's Men 99, 433–5, 439
his letters to Alleyn 56, 345
remodels Rose theatre 387
rents out apprentice James Bristow 419–20, 422 n. 11, 424
as respectable member of Southwark parish 400–1
as source of evidence for collaborative authorship 451
as source of evidence for the economics of the theatre 382, 385, 390
as source of evidence for repertory 46, 54–5, 66–7, 70, 77, 82, 93, 367, 368
on stage costumes 470–1
on stage properties 215, 561, 562, 563, 566, 570
as theatrical entrepreneur 58, 80, 89, 95, 154, 392, 393–4, 493, 504
his use of “ne”, 59
Herbert, Mary, Countess of Pembroke. See Mary Sidney
Herbert, Sir Henry (Master of the Revels 1623–73) 103, 105, 107, 109, 110, 111, 112, 114, 256–7, 258, 363, 378, 379 n. 18, 505. See also Revels, Master of the
Herbert, Henry, William, Philip. See second, third and fourth Earls of Pembroke
Herbert, Sir William 377
Hercules 189, 330
Marston character (Parasitaster) 143
Herefordshire, touring venue 65, 269
Hertford, Edward Seymour, Wrst Earl of, as patron of players 49, 269, 346, 355
entertains Elizabeth. See Elvetham entertainment
Hesketh, Sir Thomas 269
Heton, Richard (playhouse manager) 105, 110–11, 112, 114, 116–17, 118
Heylyn, Peter 228 &n
Heywood, John (writer, author of interludes) 24
Higgott, Gordon 244
High Wycombe, touring venue 20
Hildy, Franklin (theatre historian) 202, 210 n. 2
Hill, Aaron, The Prompter: A Theatrical Paper 510
Hill, Christopher (historian) 6, 10
Hill, Tracey 399, 406, 408
Hillebrand, Harold N. 148
(p. 698) Hind, John (father of boy actors John and Augustine) 417
Historia Histrionica. See James Wright
Histriomastix. See William Prynne
Hobbs (Hobbes), Thomas (player) 619
Hobson, Thomas (Cambridge carrier) 167, 288
Hodges, C. Walter (illustrator of theatre) 155 n. 5, 179, 197, 198 n. 13, 210 n. 1
Hogarth, William 586
Holcombe, Thomas (boy player) 423, 424, 426, 427
Holden, Richard (haberdasher) sues Christopher Beeston (qv) 617–18
Holinshed, Raphael, Chronicles 399
Holland, Aaron (theatrical entrepreneur) 229, 232–4, 612, 613–14
Holland, Peter 5, 8
Hollar, Wenceslaus, engravings of London 193–204, 209–10, 244–5, 248 n. 6, 308, 578, 588–9
Holman, Peter (academic musician) 544ff
Holstein, Duke of (Ulric Oldenburg, brother of Queen Anna), as patron of players 229
Honigmann, E. A. J. 269, 525–6
Playhouse Wills, 1558–1642 (with Susan Brock), 77, 169, 391, 421, 422, 460, 469, 563, 511
Honyman, John (boy player) 424
Hope theater 80, 99, 170, 171, 174, 176, 177, 184, 200, 375, 376, 394, 433 n. 4, 434, 435 n. 7, 440, 532, 589, 591
Hoskyns, John (writer) 452
Hosley, Richard (theatre historian) 172, 175, 522, 530, 532, 541
Hotson, Leslie (theatre historian) 168, 248 n. 6, 256, 258–9, 614 n. 9, 620 n. 32
Houghton Tower, touring venue 269
Houghton, Alexander (putative patron of Shakespeare) 269
Household drama 40, 51, 263–79, 294, 296, 297, 299–300, 344, 357, 358, 359, 437
Household playing companies 21, 25, 32
Hovell, William (player and theatrical sharer), keeps apprentice boy players 421–2, 424
Howard Jean E. 140, 458&n. 3
Howard, Charles, Lord of Effingham, Lord Admiral and Earl of Nottingham. See Earl of Nottingham
Howard, Edward 238
Howard, Philip. See Earl of Arundel
Howard, Skiles 469
Howard, Thomas, second and fourth Dukes of Norfolk. See Norfolk
Howard, Lord Thomas (subsequently Wrst Earl of SuVolk and Lord Chamberlain 1603–15), as patron of players 66
Howard, William, Lord of Effingham 31
Howell, James, letter writer 256
Howes, Edmund (writer) 26 n. 1
Hudson, Richard (carpenter) 183
Hughes, Alan 599–606
Huizinga, John (historian) 576–7
Hunnis, William (Master of the Chapel Royal, composer) 128, 132, 547
Hunsdon, Henry Carey, Wrst Lord, (Lord Chamberlain 1585–96) cousin of Elizabeth I 37
Privy Councillor 38
close family ties with Lord Admiral Howard 52, 60, 188
acts as Lord Chamberlain on behalf of players 34, 188, 307–8
writes to Lord Mayor on behalf of his own players 64, 159, 411
patronises players 49, 364
James Burbage one of his players in 1584 49, 52, 410. See the Chamberlain's Men.
Hunsdon, Sir George Carey, second Lord, Lord Chamberlain (1597–1603) resists use of Blackfriars by his own players 62–3
patronises players 307, 346
players perform at his house 66
mortally ill 73. Seethe Chamberlain's Men
Huntingdon, George Hastings, fourth Earl of, as patron of players 65, 66
Husee, John 24, 266
Hutchinson, Elizabeth, wife of Christopher Beeston (qv) 469, 471
Hyde Park 108
Hygiene and infectious diseases 162, 314, 404–5, 407. See also Plague
Hynd, John. See John Hind
Ibotson, Richard (inn-holder) 415
Ill, Sarah Ann 215–17
(p. 699) Inganni (Italian source for Twelfth Night) 285
Ingram, Arthur 399
Ingram, Elizabeth Morley 582 &n
Ingram, William 1–16, 263
A London Life in the Brazen Age 58, 61 n. 7, 63, 178, 366 n. 3, 393, 433 n. 3
The Business of Playing 24, 25, 44, 58, 62, 156 n. 6, 162, 169, 172, 80, 182, 382, 407, 430
‘The Playhouse as Investment’ 137 n. 5, 139
‘Costs of Touring’ 44, 233 n. 8, 294, 358–9, 360–1
Inner Temple, The 29, 281–6
Inns as provincial theatres 360–1. See Red Lion, Norwich
Inns of Court, and theatre 51, 66, 130, 253, 280–91, 347, 351, 389, 399, 403, 409, 536–7, 614
Interludes 27, 29, 32, 33, 125, 127, 145, 155, 156, 159, 162, 220–1, 223, 237, 265, 266, 267, 269, 281, 293, 295, 299, 388, 397, 403, 417, 548, 550, 551
Ioppolo, Grace 448, 451
Ipswich (Suffolk), touring venue 81, 302
Ireland 259, 309, 354
Ironmongers' Company 311, 421
Italy 84, 461, 497, 504
language 149, 157
Italian merchants living in London 336
Stage design from 484, 539, 578
Italianate style 319
Jackson, Shannon 9, 14, 452 n. 9
James VI and I (king of Scotland and England) 74–5, 241, 268, 270, 303, 346
his accession to the English throne 72, 190, 329, 331, 335 n. 26, 337, 339
Barroll on ‘Shakespeare without,’ 430
and Bartholomew Fair 375
and the court masque 206, 314
his death 103
and The Devil's Charter 376–7
author of A Counterblast to Tobacco 376
issues the Book of Sports 434
extends the revels season 370
performances for 92, 269, 319, 563 n. 8
residences of 309–11, 363. See also the King's Men
Jeffries, Joyce 439
Jensen, Enjer 131 n. 5, 147–8
Jensen, Phebe 169–70
Jewell, Simon (player) 44–5, 301
Jigs 43, 196, 238, 378, 388, 509–10, 548&n. 23, 554
decline of jigs 96–7, 494
Johnson, Gerald 70, 418 n. 6
Johnson, Nora 446
Johnson, Robert (composer) 547, 553, 555
Johnson, William (player) 28, 39, 44
Jones, Ann Rosalind 470, 471 n. 16
Jones, Inigo, theatre architect and stage designer 112, 200, 206, 207, 224, 241, 243, 244, 248, 250, 251, 283, 284, 312, 313, 315–20, 484, 542, 578
Worcester College drawings 206, 243, 247, 249, 542. See also Banqueting halls and houses
Jones, James (apprentice to Robert Armin) 424, 425, 426
Jones, Richard (publisher) 587&n
Jones, Robert (lutenist) 552
Jonson, Ben (player, playwright, poet) 91, 98, 101, 112, 287, 288, 319, 399
and boys' companies 145, 147
and the Chamberlain's/King's Men 67, 82
his court masques 271, 321, 374
on the Globe 188, 193
involvement in printing his work 70, 435, 440, 448–9
member of bricklayers' guild 22, 331
partnership with Inigo Jones 313
as player 445, 568
runs foul of various authorities 61, 63, 81, 145
Jordan, Thomas (boy player and playwright) 113. See The Walks of Islington and Jordan
Judd, Sir Andrew, Lord Mayor of London 406
Jugglers 582
Justices of the Peace 32, 73, 225, 234, 254, 557, 615
(p. 700) Kane, Andrew. See Andrew Cane
Kastan, David S. 451, 579
Kathman, David 141, 151–61, 396 n., 399, 400, 413–28
Keenan, Siobhan 101
Kellner, Hans 4, 5, 13, 14–15
Kemble, John Philip, eighteenth and nineteenth century acting parts 497
Kempe, William (comic player) 46, 58, 59, 78, 87, 189, 190, 230, 287, 288, 494, 578, 608 n. 1, 611 Kendall, Thomas (haberdasher and leader of Queen's Revels boys) 421
Kent 52, 266, 270, 302, 305, 343, 430, 436 n. 9, 438
Killigrew, Thomas (royal page, playwright and theatre manager) 109, 252
King and Queen of Bohemia's Men (formed from former Palsgrave's and Lady Elizabeth's Men) 106, 114, 347, 348, 359
renamed Prince Charles [II]'s Men 110
King, John (hired player) 616
King, T. J. 529
King's Bench, Court of. See Court of King's Bench
King's College, Cambridge 265, 281, 282
King's Men receive Wrst royal patent in 1063 72
Shareholders 78, 80, 93, 102–3, 115
repertory 67, 81–7
perform at court 75, 86, 92, 251–2, 310–21, 374–8
receive royal subsidies during plague 74, 111
touring 81–2, 303, 305
perform regularly at the Inner Temple 286
use Second Blackfriars after 1609 78, 134, 138–40, 191, 211
use Globe and Blackfriars alternately 78–80, 105–6, 134, 229, 253, 609
Globe burns 1613 and is rebuilt 88
attachment to the court 366–7, 430
looking to the future 89
recruiting new talent 98–100
preeminence 103, 107, 115
competition from Queen Henrietta Maria's Men 112
greater hierarchy in 102–3
attract gentlemen playwrights 109
apprentices with 413–27
acting style 477–95
use of music 544–58
King's players (under Henry VII, Henry VIII and Edward VI)20–1, 24, 267, 417
King's Revels boys (boy company –8) 77, 137 n. 5, 138–47, 421, 546
King's Revels Men (patent 1615) 100, 113–14, 236, 608, 619
Kipling, Gordon 336–7
Kirke, John (playwright) 237
Kirkman, Francis. See The Wits
Knell, William (player) 39, 365
Knevett, Mr (clerk to Sir Henry Billingsely) 610
Knight Marshal (Hieronimo) 442, 450
Knight, Edward, book-keeper of the King's Men 505
Knollys, Lettice, Countess of Essex and Leicester 364
Knollys, Sir Francis 278
Knowsley Hall, touring venue 269
Knutson, Roslyn L. 30, 55, 56–71, 81, 82, 92, 136, 137, 146, 230, 368, 388, 401, 431
Kyd, Thomas (playwright) 29, 46, 54, 91–3, 176, 441–2, 603
Lady Elizabeth's Men (also known as the Queen of Bohemia's Men) 74, 80, 92–102, 106, 110, 376, 426, 428, 429–40, 555
at the Swan 549
at the Phoenix 255, 256, 619
touring 359–60
Lake, Sir Thomas, secretary to James I, later Secretary of State 97 n. 6, 138
Lambarde, William, Perambulation of Kent 156, 162, 174–5
Lancashire, playing in 55, 268–9, 298, 305, 356, 359
Lancashire, Anne 125, 154, 323–40
Lancashire, Ian 20, 267, 276
Lane, Sir Robert (players of) 27, 28, 346, 351
Laneham, John (player) 28, 39, 44–5
Laneman, Henry (playhouse investor) 58
Langley, Francis (draper, builder of the Swan) 58, 63, 154, 177, 178, 392–4
Lathom House (Stanley family seat), touring venue 46, 269
Law Schools, London. See Inns of Court
Lawes, William (composer) 283, 547& n., 553
Lawrence, W. J. 468, 502
Leavis, F. R. 4
Lee, R. (playwright) 67
Leggatt, Alexander 83
Legge, Dr. Thomas (of Cambridge, author of Richardus Tertius) 282, 288
Legh, Peter 108
Legh, Sir Peter (players of) 49
Leicester (city of), as touring venue 301, 302, 360
Guildhall 297&n. 4
Leicester, Robert Dudley, first Earl of, as a patron of players letter of players to their patron 25, 291, 392
company granted royal patent 25, 40, 61, 129, 364
company among those patronised by Privy Councilors 36, 37–8, 50, 128, 364
inXuence as royal favourite 37, 52, 128, 132, 296, 301
untypicality as patron 53
backs the creation of the Queen's Men 25–6
company loses players to the Queen's Men 29, 39
company at court 28, 49
entertainment of Elizabeth at Kenilworth: see The Princely Pleasures of Kenilworth
on tour 46, 51, 269, 346
number of players 200
troupe accompanies Leicester to Low Countries 41, 44, 46
religious and political complexion of plays 29, 267
and Robert Wilson 27, 29, 54, 365
gift to Robert Tarlton 43
and James Burbage 49, 58
company uses the Theatre 175, 178, 485
company disperses on his death 46
Leigh, Robert (player) 611–17
Leinwand, Theodore 144, 236
Leman, Sir John, Lord Mayor of London 254
Lennox, James Stuart, fourth Duke of 108
Lennox, Ludovic Stuart, second Duke of 347, 356, 377
Lent, restrictions on playing during 61, 74, 257, 289, 313, 387, 408
Lenton, Francis, The Young Gallants Whirligigg, satire of Inns of Court men 288
Lesser, Zachary 70, 371 n. 10, 450
Lever, J. K. 374
Levin, Richard 458–9, 596–606
Lewdness: of persons 131, 225, 254, 402, 551
of plays 60, 155
of words 138
Liberties, anomalous jurisdictions within London 139
Blackfriars 79, 132, 140, 222, 411–12
the Clink 184
Whitefriars 140–1
lighting of theatres 126, 215–16, 309, 315, 318, 481, 483, 524, 528–42
Ligon, Richard A True and Exact History of the Island of Barbados 220 n. 12
Lincoln, Edward Clinton Fiennes, first Earl of, Lord Admiral, as patron of players 28, 35, 36, 37, 346
Lincoln, Henry Clinton Fiennes, second Earl of, as patron of players 346, 355
Lincoln's Inn 127, 253, 281–4, 438, 614
Lindley, David 543ff
Lipsius, Justus (Flemish writer) De Amphiteatro 593 n. 23
Lisle, Arthur Plantagent, Viscount, as patron of players 266
Lisle, Lady Honour 24, 266
Livery, worn by actors 21, 26 n. 1, 41, 50, 57, 110, 256, 264, 266, 267, 367, 392
Lodge, Thomas (writer) 180, 287, 442, 523
Loengard, Janet, ‘An Elizabethan Lawsuit’ 169–71
Loewenstein, Joseph 449–50
Londesborough, Clifford family seat 81, 345
London authorities Aldermen, Court of 154, 158, 399, 467
Chamber of 325
Common Council, Court of 131, 153 n. 1, 154, 155–6, 396–409, 467
Corporation of 43, 79, 159
Recorder of London 42, 410
City Remembrancer 406
London and environs (NB the Inns of Court, liberties, royal palaces, prisons and major theatres have separate entries) Aldgate 24, 155, 324
Bankside 48, 60, 81, 176–7, 183, 187, 189, 192, 197–8, 203, 204, 229, 372, 587–8
Barnard's Castle
Beargarden 198
Bel (Bell) Savage Inn 37, 64, 156–62, 170
Bell Inn 37, 64, 153–63, 170
Bishopsgate 56, 158, 160, 164–5, 167, 339, 393, 610
Bishopsgate Street 153, 158–65
Blackfriars liberty 79, 132, 140, 160, 222, 412
Blackfriars priory 222
Boar's Head Inn and playhouse 24, 58–71, 155, 160, 166, 178, 184, 348, 395, 470, 532–3, 545
Bridewell 84, 147, 157–8, 402, 610–11, 613
Bull Inn 37, 64, 153–67, 170, 401
Charing Cross 307
Cheap (Ward of) 155
Cheapside 328–36
Clerkenwell 105, 154, 157, 225, 229, 363, 425, 426, 608, 612, 613, 614, 615, 619
Clink Liberty (Bankside) 184
Cockpit Alley 243
Coleman Street 392
Curtain estate 612, 620
Denmark House: see Somerset House
Drury Lane 105, 111, 113, 115, 207, 225–6, 240, 242–3, 249, 253, 254, 257
Drury Lane Theatre (Phoenix sometimes called) 242
Drury Lane Theatre (Restoration) 240, 260
Finsbury 225
Finsbury Fields 24
Fleet Street 106, 116–17
Golden (or Golding) Lane 195
Gracechurch Street 153, 157, 163, 336, 415
Holland's Leaguer (Bankside brothel): see separate entry; Islington 155
Lambeth 408
Leadenhall 162, 327
Lincoln's Inn Fields 254
Lombard Street 154 n. 4, 399
London Bridge 58 n. 3, 187, 336
London Wall 229, 280, 339 n. 32
Ludgate 158, 336
Ludgate Hill 153
Mile End 57, 348
Newgate 157, 166
Newington (Surrey) 37
Nightingale Lane
Norton Folgate 56
Little Old Bailey 157 n. 8
Park Street, Southwark 200
Paul's: see St Paul's
Shoreditch 25, 37, 50, 52, 56–7, 81, 168, 183, 192 n. 4, 212, 308, 331, 392, 426, 610–12, 618, 620–1.
Smithfield. Southwark 40, 190, 193, 198–200, 280, 393–4, 400, 409–10, 426, 487, 587–9.
St John of Jerusalem (Priory of) 157, 229, 363
Wapping 254
Westminster 104, 122–6, 236, 240, 307, 328–37
Whitechapel 348
Whitechapel High Street
Whitechapel Road
Whitecross Street
London trade guilds 323–30, 413–28
London, Bishop of 109
Long, William B., on manuscript playbooks 514
Lord Admiral (Charles Howard, Lord Howard of EYngham and Earl of Nottingham) for his company of players, see Admiral's Men
Lord Cardinal's players (Wctional, in The Book of Sir Thomas More) 23
Lord Chamberlain, his company of players. See Chamberlain's Men.
Lord Chancellor 409
Lord Mayor's Shows 154, 323, 325, 328–39
Lord Privy Seal's players 360
Lords' rooms in theatres 192, 196, 214
Lotti, Ottaviano, Florentine agent 543
Low Countries, theatricals with Leicester in 41, 365
Lowin (Lowen), John (goldsmith and player) 22, 258, 334, 382, 424
(p. 703) apprentices Michael Bedell, Thomas Jeffrey, George Varnum (Vernon) 424
Luborsky, Ruth Samson 582&n
Lucy, Sir Thomas (players of) 49
Ludgate prison 618
Ludlow Castle 269
Ludlow, touring venue 360
Lyly, John 129, 132–5, 176, 273, 287, 445, 548; patronised by Earl of Oxford 132; idealises Elizabeth 274. See also Campaspe; Endymion. Sappho and Phao; The Wioman in the Moon
Lyme Regis, touring venue 56
Machyn, Henry
his Diary 155, 328, 335 n. 26
Macklin, Charles, 18th century acting parts 497
MacLean, Sally-Beth 25n, 29, 39–55, 60, 267, 578
Magdalen College, Oxford 284
Magistrates 20, 32, 365–6, 402, 406, 410
Maguire, Laurie 444
Malim, William (headmaster of Eton) 125
Maller, George (player) 417–18
Malone Society Collections 351, 396
Malone, Edmund (theatrical scholar) 189 n. 2, 382, 514
Manley, Lawrence 48, 55, 64, 109, 159 n. 12, 327, 336&n. 28, 337 n. 29, 426
Manningham, John (eyewitness of plays) 285, 561
Marcus, Leah 376, 434 n. 6
Marmion, Shakerley (playwright) 423. See Holland's Leaguer
Marlowe, Christopher 46, 54, 68, 69, 70, 90, 92–3, 148, 192, 237, 286, 428, 453, 515, 582
early use of blank verse 29, 54
most plays pass to Admiral's Men 60, 69, 391
‘Marprelate, Martin’ (author of antiepiscopal tracts) 129, 403, 498
Marsh, John (lawyer, anti-theatrical) 406–7
Marshalsea Prison 128
Marston, John (playwright) 293, 445, 515, 544
writes for elite theatre 83–4, 287
depicts players and playwrights 357, 360, 444, 505, 506
eroticism, including homoerotic 141–3.
Satire 145
music and sound in 545–58
Martin, Richard, MP and lawyer 399
Martin, Sir Richard, Lord Mayor of London, Master of the Mint 408, 411
Martindale, Charles 2, 15
Martyrs (including plays on martyrdom) 232, 399, 406, 554
Mason, John (playwright, playhouse investor), author of The Turk 144
Masques 221, 224, 252, 265–7, 271, 276, 278, 313–17, 319, 320, 322, 329, 339, 459, 552, 578, 585 n. 16
involving Henry VIII 266, 271
under Elizabeth 27, 30, 36, 121, 126, 134, 274, 279
involving Queen Anna 75, 271, 315–16, 374, 378
Caroline 283–4, 321
at the Inns of Court 282–4, 286, 290–1
Ben Jonson and 271, 313, 319, 320, 322
Inigo Jones and 283, 308, 312, 313, 315, 320, 541
in The Tempest 564, 569, 571
Massey, Charles (player and playwright) 67
Masten, Jeffrey 137, 444, 451–2
Master of the Revels. See Revels, Office of the
Masters of Defence 161
Mastership of the Bears, Bulls, and Mastive Dogs 394
May Day games and plays 229, 270, 323–4, 456
(p. 704) Mayler, George (merchant tailor or glazier, player) 22, 24
Mayne, Jasper 319
McCurdy, Peter 174, 184, 210 n. 2
McLuskie, Kathleen 131, 332, 459, 429–40, 459, 608 n. 1
McMillin, Scott, on –1594 theatre 25, 29, 41, 43–5, 50, 52, 54, 57, 58, 60, 129, 267, 397
Meade, Jacob (theatrical entrepreneur) 438, 439, 509
Mease, William, inn-owner (and George Mease, son) 161–7
Medbourne, Matthew, Restoration acting part 487
Medwall, Henry (playwright) 267. See Fulgens and Lucrece; Nature
Megill, Alan 4, 13–14
Mellon Collection (Yale University) 199
Mennes, Sir John, epitaph for Burbage 507
Menzer, Paul 64, 159, 160
Mercers' Company 326 n. 4, 331, 406, 418, 468
Merchant Taylors' boys 127, 131
Merchant Taylors' Company 83, 283, 331, 399, 425, 427
Merchant Taylors' guildhall 131
Merchant Taylors' school 127, 131, 330
Mercurius Elencticus 258
Meres, Francis (writer), Palladis Tamia 288, 352, 442, 512
Merton College, Oxford 284
Metz, G. Harold 597–8, 601–6
Michaelmas 81, 166
Microcosmographie. See John Earle
Middlesex, Earl of. See Lionel Cranfield
Middlesex, High Sheriff of 253, 614–15
Middlesex
Justices of 233 n. 8, 234, 365, 409–10
Middleton, Sir Thomas, Lord Mayor of London 78
Midsummer 296
Midsummer Watch 154, 324–8, 555
Mildmay, Humphrey 398
Miles, Robert (goldsmith, witness on behalf of John Brayne's widow) 175, 464
Milliner, Christopher (mercer) 24
Milton, John (poet) 167
Minstrels 20, 266, 276–9, 292, 324–5, 354, 582
mistrels' gallery 265
Mirror of Monsters, A. See William Rankins
Montagu, Anthony Browne, Viscount, and Cowdray entertainments 272–3, 275, 278–9
Monteagle, William Parker, fourth Lord (and eleventh Lord Morley), as patron of players 65, 74, 80, 269, 302, 303
Montgomery, Philip Herbert, first Earl of. See the fourth Earl of Pembroke
Montrose, Louis 10
Moore, Joseph, (player, leader of Lady Elizabeth's Men) 100–2, 433
More, Sir Thomas 23, 399–400. See also The Book of Sir Thomas More
More, Sir William 210, 211
Morgan, William. See Ogilby and Morgan
Morley, Edward Parker, tenth Lord, as patron of players 50, 65, 302
Morris dances 325
Morton, John, Cardinal, patron of Henry Medwall 267
Mount Tabor. See R. Willis
Mountjoy, Charles Blount, first Lord 306, 373
Mountjoy, Thomas, Glossographia 508
Muir, Kenneth, on comic stage devils 492
Mulcaster, Richard (Headmaster of Merchant Taylors' school) 120, 127, 131–2, 134, 330, 332
Elizabeth I's royal entry in 1559 332 n. 20
(p. 705) Mullaney, Stephen 146, 401
Munro, Lucy 77, 146, 147, 343, 445, 543–59
Music and musicians in the theatre 23, 44, 80, 96, 107, 113, 125, 134, 138, 144–5, 156, 212, 214, 220, 237, 259, 265–8, 274, 276, 278–9, 283–4, 293, 312–13, 319, 316, 319, 321, 324, 326–9, 335, 348, 350–1, 354, 355, 361, 384, 388, 400, 423, 426, 456, 503, 518, 543–59, 564 n. 10, 568, 570
inter-act music 533, 549
music rooms/houses 318–20, 515
Mystery plays 416–17
Nabbes, Thomas (playwright) 109, 550, 557. See Covent Garden; Hannibal and Scipio
Nashe, Thomas 286, 442, 454
Wit's Misery 180
introductory epistle to Greene's Menaphon 454. See also ‘The Isle of Dogs’, Summer's Last Will and Testament
Neale, Sir John (historian) 26
Nelson, Alan H. 7, 128, 165 n. 26, 265, 266, 267, 268, 280–91, 343, 351, 352, 458&n. 3, 579 n. 5
Nelson, T(homas?), author of Lord Mayor's Show 330
Netherlands, The. See Low Countries
Neville, Sir Henry, Lord Abergavenny, as patron of players 346
Newcastle upon Tyne, touring venue 56, 65, 345
Newcastle, Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of (playwright) 271
Newcastle, William Cavendish, first Duke of (courtier playwright) 547. See also The Country Captain
Newington Butts playhouse 37, 58–67, 158, 178, 180, 192
Newton, John (player) 619
Nicoll, Allardyce 591
Nicolls, Robert (player?) 44
Norden, John: Civitatis Londini, engraving 190, 194, 198, 199, 209, 587
Norfolk, Thomas Howard, fourth Duke of, patron of players 268, 272, 354
Norfolk, Thomas Howard, second Duke of, patron of players 37
North, Marcy 454–5
Northampton, William Compton, first Earl of, patron of players 350
Northbrooke, John (clergyman), A Treatise wherein Dicing, Dancing, Vaine playes, etc. 472–3
Northern Rebellion 268
Northumberland household book (second) 275, 277
Northumberland, Henry Algernon Percy, Wfth Earl of: performances in chapel and hall of 276
Norton, Thomas (co-author of Gorboduc, Rembrancer of London) 282, 406–8
Norwich, touring venue 49, 52, 56, 65, 74, 80, 267, 268, 301, 305, 343, 345, 354, 359, 426
affray at the Red Lion inn 295, 297, 360
Nottingham, Charles Howard, first Earl of
Lord Howard of Effingham (Lord Chamberlain 1583 5
Lord Admiral 1585–1619
Privy Councilor and patron of players) 33, 35, 37, 38, 49, 60, 128, 188, 346, 410. See also Admiral's Men.
Ogilby, John and William Morgan, A Large and Accurate Map of the City of London 160–2
Ogle, Cuthbert, seventh Lord, patron of players 65–6
Opera during the Commonwealth 259
Opposition to drama. See Anti-theatrical attitudes
Orgel, Stephen 4, 75, 144, 146, 431, 459, 461, 468, 597
Orrell, John (theatre historian) 112, 170, 172, 174, 184, 198ff, 203&n.15, 244n, 249, 252, 588, 589–91, 593
Osborne, Thomas (carpenter) 183
Ostler, William (boy and adult player) 98–100, 148
marries Thomasine, daughter of John Heminges 98–9
(p. 706) Otter, Monika 3, 9, 10
Overbury, Sir Thomas, ‘Character of an Actor’ 477
Ovid 287
Oxford, touring venue 81, 284, 301, 305, 309, 563 n. 8, 570
Oxford University, college theatricals 265, 280–91, 499
Oxford, Edward de Vere, seventeenth Earl of, patron of adult players 49, 128, 346, 352, 409
patron of boy players 128, 132
Dutton brothers desert Warwick's Men to join Oxford's Men 28, 288, 351
petitions Queen for his men to join Worcester's and perform in London (Boar's Head) 64
Pageants and pageantry 21, 24, 29, 78, 125, 213 n. 7, 296, 323 n. 1, 324–39, 459, 513, 578
Palatine, Frederick, Count and Elector (also known as the Palsgrave), married to Princess Elizabeth, later King of Bohemia, as patron of players 77, 94, 256, 283, 338, 346, 438, 616
theatricals in honor of marriage 283, 314, 399, 564
Pallant, Robert (player), 426, 611
Pallant, Robert (boy player, apprentice to John Heminges, son of player father) 423, 426
Palmer, Barbara D. 66, 81, 292 n. 1, 294 n. 3, 300, 305 n. 15, 344, 345, 357, 360, 395, 437
Palsgrave, The. See Palatine
Paris Garden, bear-baiting and other entertainments 63, 165, 162, 178, 393, 408.
Scaffolding collapses 172, 398
Parliament and the players 108, 110, 238, 259, 322, 355, 543.
Suspends playing in 1642 104, 184, 187, 302–3, 321
Parnassus plays (The Pilgrimage to Parnassus) 282, 287–8, 453
Parris, Thomas (innkeeper) 166–7
Partner, Nancy 2–11, 15
Patrick, William (musician or player) 423 n. 12
Patronage of players in the Fifteenth Century 20
in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries 41–55, 57–64, 73–7, 94–5, 122–8, 190–1, 256–7, 264–79, 291, 295–6, 303, 311–12, 316, 322, 343–61, 392, 608
Paul's boys 37, 66, 71, 77, 80, 82, 84,96–8&n. 7, 124, 126–33, 139–44, 147–8&n. 212, 212, 233 n. 8, 317, 538
dissolved around 1590 129
revived around 1600 80, 82
later repertory 84
cease to play –1606, 77144
at court 37, 66, 124, 127–9, 133, 317
Elizabeth's particular favourites 126, 127, 129
playhouse in grounds of St Paul's Cathedral 158, 131–3, 192, 212, 545
music 545–9, 552. (This refers to the troupe drawn from choristers at St Paul's Cathedral, in its two distinct phases. For the boys of St Paul's grammar school, see St Paul's school.)
(p. 707) Paul's Cross 178, 401, 405, 412
Paul's, Master of the Children of. See Thomas Giles; Edward Pearce
Paulet, William, Marquess of Winchester 31, 399, 403
Pavy, Salomon (imprest boy player, taught by Jonson) 98
Peacham, Henry 45, 554 n. 41
Titus drawing 594–6
Pearce (Peers), Edward (Master of Paul's boys composer) 139, 145, 547&n. 11, 552 n. 33
Peele, James (father of George) 330
Peerson, Martin (shareholder in the Chapel boys composer) 547&n
Pembroke, Henry Herbert, second Earl of, Lord President of the Marches of Wales, as patron of players 50, 345
‘King Arthur’ entertainment 269. See Pembroke's Men
Pembroke, Mary Herbert, Countess of. See Mary Sidney
Pembroke, Philip Herbert, fourth Earl of, (Lord Chamberlain 1626–41) 108, 111–13, 115, 117
Pembroke, William Herbert, third Earl of, (Lord Chamberlain 1615–26) 73, 321
Pembroke's Men (i.e. company patronised by the second Earl) 56, 58–9, 62–3, 66, 69, 294, 347, 348, 358, 359, 366
‘The Isle of Dogs’ affair 58, 63, 77, 393
Pepys, Samuel 224n.15, 238 n. 14, 252, 260
Percy, William (writer) 148 n. 16, 504
Perkins, David 14
Perkins, Richard (boy and adult player) 419, 421, 422 n. 11, 613, 617, 618
Perry, William (player and draper, with apprentices) 424–5
Personation 29, 113, 477–95
Petre, Sir William 277
Philip II, King of Spain 27, 337
Phillips, Augustine (player) 58, 77, 78, 189, 608 n. 1
keeps apprentices though not a city freeman 421–2, 427
Phillips, Mary (gatherer at the Boar's Head) 469
Phythian-Adams, Charles, on ceremony and social structure 296
Pickering, John (playwright) 24
Pig, John (boy player) 419
Platter, Thomas, visitor to London 204–5, 241–2, 471 n.16
Plautus 281, 485
Miles Gloriosus 123, 281
Menechmi 284–5
Playbills 251, 402
Playbooks, as key theatrical properties 67, 100, 102, 115, 190, 234, 254, 379, 384, 391, 433, 439, 498–502, 561
cost of 387
printed 54, 270, 450, 582
demand for printed plays 70–1
Plays Confuted in Five Actions. See Stephen Gosson
Poets' War (Poetomachia) 453–4
Pollard, Thomas (boy player, apprenticed to John Shank) 258, 424
Pope, the, on stage 377, 493, 520
Pope. Thomas (player) 46, 58, 62, 77–8, 189, 608 n. 1
Postlewait, Thomas 10–11, 575–606, 579 n. 6
Preston, Thomas (Cambridge playwright) 22–3; 29–30. See Cambyses
Prince Arthur, as patron of players 20
Prince Charles [I]'s Men (patron later Charles I
also known as the Duke of York's Men) 74, 80, 347
Prince Charles [II]'s Men (patron later Charles II) 110, 114, 347, 348, 550. See King and Queen of Bohemia's Men.
(p. 708) Prince Henry Frederick, elder son of James I 72, 76, 94, 256, 311, 335 n. 26, 346, 438
as patron 314
formally installed as Prince of Wales 335 n. 26, 338
performances in honor of 320, 399
and King Lear 376
death
Prince Henry's Men 72–76, 80–4, 94–5, 100, 106, 391, 471, 545, 555
formerly Lord Admiral's Men 72
become the Elector Palatine's (Palsgrave's) Men 94–5
Princely Pleasures of Kenilworth. The. See George Gascoigne
Privy Council and playing 26, 32–3, 38, 40–3, 48–52, 60–4, 79–81, 109, 118, 122, 128–30, 139–40, 146, 155, 173, 178–80, 186–90, 211, 225, 229, 253–8, 268, 309, 364–6, 373
negotiations with City of London
authorities 396–412
Proclamations, Royal: Elizabethan 32, 196, 402–3
Jacobean 225, 244
Prodigal plays 83, 553, 557
Props and stage properties 44–5, 55, 97, 184, 231, 234, 273, 294, 300, 301, 308, 312, 365, 370, 391, 393, 433 n. 3, 473, 482, 484, 494, 510, 515–23, 530, 533, 560–74, 606 n. 34
Proscenium-arch staging 207, 224, 243, 245, 249, 313, 317, 318, 481–95
Proteus and the Adamantine Rock, masque staged by Gray's Inn 313
Prynne, William, Histriomastix, 257 n. 15, 283, 551
Puckering, Sir Thomas, hires players 359, 437–9
banqueting house 438
Pudsey, Edmund 71
Puppets 305, 434
Puritans 222, 279, 293, 304, 352, 406, 411, 434, 471
Puttenham, George 453
Queen Anna (Anne) of Denmark becomes patron to Worcester's Men 50, 72
patron of Children of the Queen's Revels (1604, 1610), 146
interest in masques 75, 315–16, 374, 378.
Said to delight in satires against King James 75, 146
occupies Somerset (Denmark) House 311
views Chrusothriambos 334
death and consequences for her players 100, 102, 255, 608, 619. See Queen Anna's Men, Queen's Revels boys
Queen Anna's (Anne's) Men 62, 64, 72, 74, 76, 79, 80, 81, 83, 85, 86, 89, 94, 95–6, 97, 100, 101, 102, 110, 225, 227, 229 n. 3, 232, 233–4, 236, 253, 255, 353, 427, 470
Queen Henrietta Maria: supposed slur upon in Histriomastix 283
makes Somerset (Denmark) House a Catholic establishment 311
Stages Florimène 317–18
her Council 614. See Queen Henrietta's Men
Queen Henrietta Maria's Men 105–18, 255–8, 347–8, 427, 437, 547, 550, 555
Queens' College, Cambridge 282, 284, 286
Queen's Men (Queen Elizabeth's players): formation of, in 1583 39ff; 39–55, 56–69, 74, 101, 129, 267, 311, 317, 364–5, 397, 418–19
use of London inns 158, 163, 165
use of the Theatre 176, 180
Queen's players (under Mary I and early Elizabeth I) 21, 26–7, 267
Queen's Revels boys (also called Children of the Queen's Revels, Children of the Revels, and of Blackfriars also sometimes used of the Chapel boys after they reformed in 1600) 78, 137–48, 421, 432–3, 437, 445
Samuel Daniel as licenser 146, 445.
Stage offensive plays 81, 136 n. 2, 146–7
other repertory 84
dissolution in 1608 77
reconstituted in 1610 77, 92, 99
Rackin, Phyllis 456–60, 463
Randolph, Barnard (Common Serjeant of London) 410
Randolph, Thomas (playwright) 113, 282. See also Amyntas; The Conceited Pedlar; The Muses' Looking Glass
Ranke, Leopold von 3, 8
Rankins (or Rankens), William (playwright) 67
and anti-theatricalist (A Mirror of Monsters), if the same man 472
(p. 709) Rappaport, Steve 414–15, 418, 462, 464
Rastell, John (printer, playwright, stageowner) 24
Read, Conyers (historian) 25–6
Reade, Timothy (singing boy player) 555
Reading, William (player) 27
Records of Early English Drama (REED) 8, 65, 269, 280 n. 1, 283, 286, 291, 292 n. 1, 300 n. 8, 351, 354, 358, 360, 361, 431, 436, 437, 439&n. 10, 578
REED Patrons and Performances web site 56 n. 1, 65–6, 264, 297 n. 4, 298 n. 6, 303 n. 13, 305 n. 15, 343–58
Red Bull theater 58, 64, 83, 84, 100, 105–7, 253, 399, 495, 608–21
audiences and reputation of 87, 91&n. 2, 226–8, 235–6, 238, 256
lighting in 528
music in 545, 549, 554
performances during the Commonwealth 238
Red Lion Inn, Norwich, touring venue 52, 295, 297, 360
Red Lion theatre, Mile End (London), built in 1567, owned by John Brayne 24, 57, 169–71, 177, 192, 348, 392, 532
RedcliVe Hall playhouse, Bristol 297
Reformation 32, 232, 295, 296, 336, 438
Repertories (1594–1603) 66–70
of touring companies 293–301
Requests, Court of: 117, 229, 233, 612 n. 16
Revels Company. See King's Revels Men
Revels, Offce of the 19–38, 39–40, 43, 55, 61, 92 n. 3, 93, 103, 110, 111, 114, 121, 124, 126–7, 129–31, 133, 139, 141, 157, 278, 316, 318–19, 408, 434, 437, 612
Master of the, 19ff 33–6, 39–40, 61, 110, 126, 128–31, 139, 256, 258, 312–13, 315, 363–78, 387, 403, 455, 555.
Samuel Daniel breaks monopoly of 146
Revision of playscripts 90, 127, 367–77, 549 &n. 26 n. 2
Reynolds, George F. 233 n. 9, 235&n. 12, 239
Reynolds, John (carpenter) 170
Rhodes, John (manager of the Phoenix) 258–9, 428
Rice, John (leading boy player) 338&n. 30, 427–8
Rich, Robert Rich, Wrst Lord, as patron of players 346
Richards, Hugh (inn-holder) 172, 183
Richardson, Catherine 438
Richmond Palace, theatre in 310, 317, 321
Riddell, James A. 374
Rightwise, John (headmaster of St Paul's grammar school) 125
Riots (Shrove Tuesday 1617) 8, 235, 254–5, 615
Robins, William (singing boy player) 555
Robinson, John (partner in the Salisbury Court playhouse) 116
Robinson, Richard (boy and adult player, apparently married Richard Burbage's widow) 102, 427
Rolls, Master of the 410
Roman theatre, as possible model for early modern amphitheatres 172, 195, 485, 582, 588, 593
Ronayne, John 179, 195, 215 n. 8
Rope dancing 20, 43, 54
Rose theatre 46, 48, 54, 55, 56–71, 80, 161, 164, 172–8, 184, 187–200, 203, 233, 299, 300, 318, 370, 410, 419, 470, 487, 493, 500, 514
economics of 382ȁ395.
Stage properties at 561
excavation of its foundations 193, 200, 203, 576, 578,