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date: 25 May 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Under the general rubric of ‘Abrahamic Religions’ there is a sub-topic that highlights particular similarities between Islam and Christianity in areas of institutional and societal development. As joint inheritors of a Judaic theological and ethical legacy and a Hellenistic philosophical and scientific legacy, Islam and Christianity ‘co-evolved’ in directions that did not have distinct parallels in Judaism, which remained particularistic rather than universal in nature. Among the areas in which the two faith traditions converged were sin and salvation, spirituality and mysticism, conversion, state and law, violence and toleration, word and language, clergy, and education and mission. The degree of convergence warrants the assigning of the label ‘Islamo-Christian Civilization’ to the partially shared—though also antagonistic—social, institutional, and political structures that emerged over a period of fourteen centuries.

Keywords: Islamo-Christian civilization, clergy, conversion, salvation, spirituality, violence, law, education

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