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date: 25 May 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Though widely used in the media and public discourse, ‘fundamentalism’ is a problematic term when applied to religious traditions outside of its original Protestant matrix. Nevertheless there are significant ‘family resemblances’ between movements of religious revival and militancy in the Judaic, Christian, and Islamic traditions. These include a reactive defensiveness or challenge to aspects of modernity built around values of secularism and pluralism, anxieties about gender, and concerns about maintaining boundaries between an invented or reconstructed notion of selfhood—individual or collective—and an ‘other’ regarded as alien or hostile. Fundamentalisms are a response to the ‘death of God’. In an era when competing religious traditions interact globally as never before, fundamentalisms may be more concerned with maintaining group identities than the proclamation of theological certainties they claim to uphold.

Keywords: evolution, gender, hermeneutics, identity, pollution, premillennialism, sacralization, scripturalism, salafism, Zionism

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