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date: 06 June 2020

Abstract and Keywords

In Arabia a man named Muhammad who was born c.570 CE is said to have received a series of communications from God over a period of twenty-three years between 610 and 632 CE. These communications were subsequently collected and preserved in the text known as the Quran. On one occasion, in Q. 33: 40, the Quran refers to Muhammad as ‘the seal of Prophets’, a phrase that is understood by Muslims as signifying that prophecy came to an end with Muhammad’s death. This chapter attempts to situate this theological claim in the context of (1) Jewish and Christian anticipation of the return of prophecy in late antiquity, and (2) the emergence of Islam in the Near East over the course of the seventh century CE.

Keywords: Prophecy, finality of prophecy, Hebrew Bible, New Testament, Quran, Muhammad, Zayd b. Muḥammad, ʿAbd al-Malik b. Marwān

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