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date: 18 August 2019

(p. 793) Index

(p. 793) Index

ʿAbbād b. Sulaymān 60, 149, 153, 216, 222
ʾAbbās, I. 670
ʿAbbāsids 136, 145, 151, 217, 232, 243, 298, 516, 649–58
ʿAbd al-ʿAlī Farangī Maḥallī 618
ʿAbd al-ʿAlī al-Shīrāzī 611
ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAbbās 243, 256
ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz 244
ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAbd al-Raḥman al-Dārimī 275
ʿAbd Allāh b. Amīn al-Dīn Maydānīpūrī 615
ʿAbd Allāh b. al-ʿArabī 274
ʿAbd Allāh b. Ḥamza b. Muḥammad b. Ṣabra al-Aslamī 485n
ʿAbd Allāh b. Ibāḍ 242, 243
ʿAbd Allāh b. Ismāʿīl al-Hāshimī 98
ʿAbd Allāh b. Masʿūd 37, 248
ʿAbd Allāh b. Muḥammad Abū Hāshim 135
ʿAbd Allāh b. Saʿīd al-Ḥāḥī 527
ʿAbd Allāh b. Saʿīd al-Labbād 8
ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿUmar b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz (governor) 135
ʿAbd Allāh b. Zubayr 242
ʿAbd Allāh al-Ḥarawī al-Anṣārī 326, 329, 631, 632
ʿAbd Allāh al-Juwaynī 669
ʿAbd Allāh Labīb 613
ʿAbd Allāh Quṭb Shāh 610, 611
ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz b. Niḥrīr b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz b. al-Barrāj al-Ṭarābulusī 203
ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz al-Thamīmī 16
ʿAbd al-Ghanī al-Nābulusī 332, 334, 575
ʿAbd al-Ḥakīm b. Shams al-Dīn al-Siyālkūtī 613
ʿAbd al-Ḥaqq b. Faḍl-i Ḥaqq b. Faḍl-i Imām Khayrābādī 617
ʿAbd al-Ḥaqq b. Muḥammad b. Hārūn al-Ṣiqillī 12
ʿAbd al-Ḥayy b. ʿAbd al-Ḥalīm Farangī Maḥallī 617
ʿAbd al-Jabbār al-Hamadānī 7, 8, 9, 39, 40, 97, 143, 160n, 161, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 174, 182, 183, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 191, 202n, 203, 264, 265, 374, 376, 391, 392, 394, 395, 396, 436, 447, 476, 481, 484, 487
ʿAbd al-Laṭīf al-Baghdādī 306
ʿAbd al-Malik (caliph) 46, 48, 52, 265
ʿAbd al-Masīḥ b. Isḥāq al-Kindī 98
ʿAbd al-Muʾmin b. ʿAlī (Almohad rebel) 522, 679, 680, 683, 684, 685, 686
ʿAbd al-Qādir al-Jīlānī 327, 632
ʿAbd al-Qāhir b. Ṭāhir al-Baghdādī 13, 120, 131n, 143, 146n, 153n, 221, 222, 233
ʿAbd al-Raḥīm b. Maṣāḥib ʿAlī Gūrakhpūrī 615
ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Muḥammad al-Akhḍarī 422, 426n, 540, 541
ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Rustam 244
ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Jabartī 700
ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Jāmī 327, 329, 338, 572, 593, 594, 595, 596, 598n, 607
ʿAbd al-Razzāq Bīṭār 726
ʿAbd al-Razzāq al-Kāshānī 569
ʿAbd al-Razzāq al-Lāhījī 463, 464, 465, 468, 469
ʿAbd al-Salām b. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Muḥammad ‘Ibn Barrajān’ al-Lakhmī al-Ishbīlī 12, 334, 521, 689
ʿAbd al-Salām b. Ibrāhīm al-Laqānī 540, 541, 543, 544
ʿAbd al-Salām al-Kirmānī al-Dīwī 613, 614
ʿAbd al-Salām al-Lāhūrī 613
ʿAbd al-Wahhāb b. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Rustam 244
ʿAbd al-Wahhāb b. ʿAbd al-Rashīd Īshquwwat 592n
(p. 794) ʿAbd al-Wahhāb al-Daybulī al-Shīrāzī 611
ʿAbd al-Wājid Khayrābādī 616
ʿAbd al-Waṣīʿ b. Yūsuf ʿAlī Amīthavī 615
Abdāls 339
ʿAbdān 319f.
Abdel Razik, M. 722
ʿAbdishoʿ of Nisibis 560, 561–2.
Abdülhamid II 728
Abdülkadir Arif 575
Abdüllatif Harputi (ʿAbd al-Laṭīf al-Kharpūtī) 577, 745, 746, 747, 748
Abou El Fadl, Khaled 789
Abrahamov, B. 474n
Abū l-ʿAbbās Aḥmad b. Ibrāhīm al-Ḥasanī 181, 182, 183, 192
Abū l-ʿAbbās Aḥmad b. Ibrāhīm al-Qalānisī 215–24
Abū l-ʿAbbās Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. Mūsā b. ʿAtāʾ Allāh al-Ṣanhājī ‘Ibn al-ʿArīf’ 521, 689
Abū l-ʿAbbās Aḥmad b. Yūsuf al-Fihrī al-Lablī 226, 688
Abū l-ʿAbbās al-Nāshiʾ 408
Abū l-ʿAbbās al-Sabtī 689
Abū ʿAbd Allah al-Azdī 233
Abū ʿAbd Allāh b. al-Tabbān al-Mutakallim 172
Abū ʿAbd Allāh al-Ḥārith b. Asad ‘al-Muḥāsibī’ 215–24, 325, 326, 327, 330
Abū ʿAbd Allāh al-Ḥasan b. Ḥāmid 626, 630, 631, 632
Abū ʿAbd Allāh al-Ḥusayn b. ʿAlī al-Baṣrī 165, 166, 168, 182, 183, 184, 185, 187
Abū ʿAbd Allāh al-Ḥusayn b. ʿAlī al-Miṣrī 181
Abū ʿAbd Allāh al-Ḥusayn al-Najjār 216, 219, 223, 285, 286, 288
Abū ʿAbd Allāh Jaʿfar b. Aḥmad b. Wandak al-Rāzī 200
Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad b. ʿAbd Allāh b. Mumlak/Mamalak al-Iṣbahānī 200, 354
Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad b. Khalaf b. Mūsā al-Anṣārī 522
Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. al-Nuʿmān ‘al-Shaykh al-Mufīd’ 82, 83, 162, 200, 201, 202, 203, 205, 466, 467
Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad b. Muḥammad al-Ifrānī ‘Muḥammad al-Ṣaghīr’ 541
Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad b. Muslim al-Māzarī 237
Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad b. Yūsuf al-Sanūsī 422, 425, 426, 427, 524n, 525, 527, 528, 529, 538, 539, 540, 541, 543, 544
Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad Ibn Karrām 16, 198, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 286
Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad al-Shīrāzī ‘Ibn Khafīf’ 328, 335
Abū ʿAbd Allāh al-Ṣaymarī 172
Abū ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Sulamī 326
Abū Aḥmad b. Abū Naṣr al-ʿIyāḍī 286
Abū Aḥmad Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-ʿAbdakī ‘Ibn ʿAbdak’ al-Jurjānī 184, 200
Abū ʿAlī b. al-Samḥ 169
Abū ʿAlī al-Daqqāq 669
Abū ʿAlī al-Ghassānī 515
Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥasan b. Aḥmad b. ʿAlī b. al-Muʿallim al-Ḥalabī 203
Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥasan b. ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib Isḥāq al-Farrazādī ‘Khāmūsh 189
Abū ʿAlī Ibn al-Bannāʾ al-Ḥanbalī 664, 665, 666
Abū ʿAlī al-Jubbāʾī 6, 114n, 151, 159, 160, 161, 163, 164, 165, 200, 201, 226, 250, 352, 353, 354, 355, 356, 366, 367, 369, 371, 372, 377, 395, 489, 507
Abū ʿAlī Muḥammad b. Aḥmad Ibn al-Walīd al-Karkhī 172, 662, 663, 667
Abū ʿAlī Muḥammad b. Khallād al-Baṣrī 7, 165, 166, 184, 185, 187, 206
Abū ʿAmr Muḥammad b. ʿUmar al-Kashshī 197
Abū Bakr (caliph) 135, 248, 249, 272, 512, 544, 628, 630, 683
Abū Bakr ʿAbd Allāh Ibn Ṭalḥa al-Yāburī 12
Abū Bakr Aḥmad b. ʿAlī Ibn al-Ikhshīd 9, 161
Abū Bakr al-Aṣamm 111, 113, 118, 122n, 144, 250, 288
Abū Bakr ʿAṭīq b. Muḥammad Nīsābūrī ‘Sūrābādī’ 17, 254
Abū Bakr b. Abū Naṣr al-ʿIyāḍī 286
Abū Bakr al-Bayhaqī 670
Abū Bakr Ibn al-ʿArabī 517, 520, 521, 688
Abū Bakr al-Jazāʾirī 777
(p. 795) Abū Bakr al-Khallāl 626
Abū Bakr al-Mayūrqī 521
Abū Bakr Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan Ibn Fūrak 11, 13, 228, 229, 230, 232, 233, 290, 291, 328, 398, 399, 415, 518, 529, 669
Abū Bakr Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-Murāḍī al-Ḥaḍramī 12, 519
Abū Bakr Muḥammad b. al-Ḥusayn al-Ājurrī 276
Abū Bakr Muḥammad b. Isḥāq al-Kalābādhī 327, 329, 330, 333, 336, 593, 596n, 599n
Abū Bakr Muḥammad b. Khalaf al-Rāzī 200
Abū Bakr Muḥammad b. Maymūn al-ʿAbdarī al-Qurṭubī 13
Abū Bakr Muḥammad b. Sābiq al-Ṣiqillī 12
Abū Bakr Muḥammad b. al-Ṭayyib al-Bāqillānī 12, 186, 229, 230, 231, 232, 233, 235, 237, 328, 364f., 378, 379, 380, 381, 382, 410, 516, 517, 518, 527, 528n, 529, 560, 578, 669, 720
Abū Bakr al-Muṭṭawaʿī 233
Abū Bakr al-Rāzī 122, 124, 148n, 500
Abū Bakr al-Shāshī 522
Abū l-Barakāt al-Baghdādī 448, 552, 556, 561, 569, 638
Abū l-Barakāt Ibn Kabar 553, 559
Abū l-Barakāt al-Nasafī 15, 292, 293
Abū Bishr Mattā b. Yūnus 99, 408, 409
Abū l-Faḍl al-ʿAbbās b. Sharwīn 186
Abū l-Faḍl al-Althī 633
Abū l-Faḍl Asʿad b. Aḥmad al-Ṭarābulusī 203
Abū l-Faḍl ʿIyāḍ b. Mūsā b. ʿIyāḍ al-Yaḥṣubī al-Sabtī al-Mālikī ‘Qāḍī ʿIyāḍ’ 520, 521, 699
Abū l-Faḍl al-Suyūṭī 620
Abū l-Faraj ʿAbd Allāh Ibn al-Ṭayyib 169, 549
Abū l-Fatḥ Muḥammad b. ʿAlī b. ʿUthmān al-Khaymī al-Karājikī 203
Abū Firās b. Diʿtham 481n
Abū l-Futūḥ al-Ḥusayn b. ʿAlī al-Rāzī 206
Abū Ḥafṣ al-Ḥaddād 123
Abū Ḥafṣ ʿUmar al-Nasafī 281, 292, 537, 538, 576, 588, 589, 610, 611, 613, 614
Abū Ḥafṣ ʿUmar al-Suhrawardī 330, 593
Abū Ḥāmid al-Ghazālī 14, 35n, 225, 306, 308, 309, 329, 330, 334, 348, 358, 359, 360, 402, 411, 412, 413, 414, 415, 419, 421, 422, 423, 427, 435–53, 456, 489, 497, 498, 500, 517, 520, 521, 522, 523, 525, 526, 527, 528, 535, 536, 540, 542, 543, 551, 558, 561, 573, 593n, 609, 620, 634, 638, 669, 688, 695, 699, 700, 720, 728, 731, 733, 736, 746
Abū Ḥāmid al-Najjār al-Nīsābūrī 167
Abū Ḥanīfa 280, 281, 282, 283, 284, 285, 286, 288, 291, 583, 626, 628
Abū l-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. ʿAbd Allāh b. al-Zāghūnī 15, 632
Abū l-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. Aḥmad al-Qāʾinī al-Kāshānī 464
Abū l-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. Muḥammad b. Khalaf al-Maʿāfirī al-Qābisī 516
Abū l-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. Muḥammad b. Khulayd al-Lakhmī al-Ishbīlī 519, 679
Abū l-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. Sahl Rabban al-Ṭabarī 554, 555
Abū l-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. Sulaymān al-Muqaddasī 175
Abū l-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. ʿUthmān al-Hujwīrī 326, 328, 329, 330, 334, 335, 336
Abū l-Ḥasan Amīrkā b. Abī l-Lujaym b. Amīra al-Maṣdarī al-ʿIjlī al-Qazwīnī 205, 206
Abū l-Ḥasan al-Ashʿarī 11, 13, 59, 67, 75, 76, 81, 143, 145, 150, 151, 152, 160, 197, 219, 221, 222, 224, 226, 227, 228, 229, 231, 232, 233, 234, 247, 267, 269, 276, 288, 289, 298, 328, 348, 353, 354–7, 377, 378, 379, 398, 399, 409, 415, 502, 505, 507, 508, 509, 516, 517, 519, 527, 535, 554, 560, 695, 697, 698, 720, 723
Abū l-Ḥasan al-Bāhilī 229
Abū l-Ḥasan al-Daylamī 335
Abū l-Ḥasan Muḥammad b. Aḥmad al-Nasafī 288
Abū l-Ḥasan Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. Aḥmad al-Buṣrawī 202, 203
Abū l-Ḥasan ʿUlayy b. ʿĪsā b. Ḥamza b. Wahhās al-Sulaymānī 477
Abū Hāshim al-Jubbāʾī 7, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 184, 364–82, 395, 408, 447, 476, 479, 488, 489, 507
Abū Ḥātim Aḥmad b. Ḥamdān al-Rāzī 440
Abū Ḥātim Muḥammad b. Idrīs b. Mundhir 272
Abū Ḥātim Muḥammad b. Idrīs al-Rāzī 276, 277
(p. 796) Abū Ḥayyān al-Tawḥīdī 98, 305
Abū l-Hudhayl al-ʿAllāf 97, 114, 115, 134, 137, 144, 145, 146n, 148, 149, 150, 153, 160, 217, 349–51, 352, 353, 365, 366, 367, 385
Abū l-Ḥusayn Aḥmad b. Muḥammad al-Ḥusaynī al-Qazwīnī ‘Mānkdīm Shashdīw’ 168, 187, 191, 483
Abū l-Ḥusayn b. al-Munādī 630
Abū l-Ḥusayn al-Khayyāṭ 143, 151, 161, 197, 286
Abū l-Ḥusayn Muḥammad b. Aḥmad al-Malaṭī 63, 64, 139, 140
Abū l-Ḥusayn Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-Baṣrī 8, 11, 160n, 169–75, 189, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 236, 376, 436, 447, 457, 479, 484, 485, 486, 487, 488, 489, 558, 560
Abū l-Ḥusayn Muḥammad b. Bishr al-Ḥamdūnī al-Sūsanjirdī 83, 199
Abū l-Ḥusayn al-Nūrī 326, 329, 330
Abū l-Ḥusayn Yaḥyā b. Muḥammad al-Murtaḍā 184
Abū ʿImrān al-Fāsī 233, 516, 519
Abū ʿĪsā al-Warrāq 97, 145
Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm b. ʿAlī al-Shīrāzī 233, 237, 663, 668, 670, 671, 672f., 674
Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm b. ʿAyyāsh al-Baṣrī 166
Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm b. Ismāʿīl Zāhid al-Ṣaffār al-Bukhārī 15, 281, 292
Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm b. Mūsā b. Muḥammad al-Lakhmī al-Shāṭibī al-Gharnāṭī 528
Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm b. Nawbakhtī 83, 209, 210
Abū Isḥāq al-Isfarāʾīnī 13, 229, 230, 232, 233, 399, 528, 560, 669
Abū Isḥāq al-Naṣībī 123
Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad b. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Qiba al-Rāzī 82, 83, 181, 182, 191, 192, 200
Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad b. Aḥmad al-Simnānī 12, 233, 518
Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad b. ʿAlī [b.] Mazdak 7, 167, 188
Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-Ṭūsī 10, 11, 82, 183, 197, 202, 203, 204, 205, 207, 466
Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad b. Khalīl al-Sakkāk 198
Abū l-Jaysh al-Balkhī 200
Abū l-Karam ʿAbd al-Salām al-Andarasbānī 173
Abū l-Layth al-Samarqandī 290, 538, 588
Abū l-Maʿālī ʿAbd al-Malik al-Juwaynī ‘Imām al-Ḥaramayn’ 12, 13, 117, 174, 234, 235, 236, 237, 357, 365, 378, 379, 380, 381, 382, 396n, 397, 398, 399, 400, 401, 402, 436, 497, 498, 518, 523, 527, 528, 535, 669, 670, 675, 720
Abū l-Maʿālī Ṣāʿid b. Aḥmad al-ʿUjālī al-Uṣūlī 173, 457n, 485, 486
Abū Madyan 689
Abū l-Makārim ʿIzz al-Dīn Ḥamza b. ʿAlī b. Zuhra al-Ḥusaynī al-Ḥalabī 204, 456
Abū Manṣūr al-Ḥallāj 326, 327, 331, 332, 333, 334, 335, 338, 631, 663, 665, 666, 667
Abū Manṣūr Ibn Yūsuf 663, 664
Abū Manṣūr al-Māturīdī 14, 15, 76, 116, 117, 123, 162, 281, 285, 286, 287, 288, 289, 290, 291, 292, 293, 587, 588, 695, 696, 697, 698, 723
Abū Manṣūr al-Ṣarrām 200
Abū l-Muʾarrij al-Sadūsī 244
Abū Muḍar Maḥmūd b. Jarīr al-Ḍabbī al-Iṣfahānī 173
Abū Muḥammad ʿAbd Allāh b. Muḥammad b. Saʿīd ‘Ibn Kullāb’ 215–24, 233, 377
Abū Muḥammad ʿAbd Allāh b. Sulaymān b. Ḥawṭ Allāh 525
Abū Muḥammad ʿAbd Allāh b. Yazīd al-Fazārī 5, 244, 245, 246, 247, 248, 249
Abū Muḥammad ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Aḥmad b. Jabrawayh al-ʿAskarī 199
Abū Muḥammad al-Faḍl b. Shādhān al-Nīshābūrī 83, 198, 468
Abū Muḥammad Ḥāmid b. Aḥmad b. Bisṭām 17
Abū Muḥammad al-Ḥasan b. Aḥmad Ibn Mattawayh 7, 167, 168, 188, 476, 478, 479, 483, 484, 487, 667n
Abū Muḥammad al-Ḥasan b. Mūsā al-Nawbakhtī 6, 81, 133, 199, 200, 408
Abū Muḥammad Hishām b. al-Ḥakam 83, 107, 113, 145, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 198, 216, 245
Abū Muhammad al-Ḥusayn b. Masʿūd b. Muḥammad al-Farrāʾ al-Baghawī 777
(p. 797) Abū Muḥammad Ismāʿīl b. ʿAlī b. Ismāʿīl al-Farrazādī 188, 189
Abū Muḥammad Yūnus b. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Qummī 198
Abū l-Muʿīn Maymūn b. Muḥammad al-Nasafī 14, 15, 281, 291, 292, 293, 587, 588, 599n
Abū l-Mundhir Bashīr b. Muḥammad b. Maḥbūb b. al-Ruḥayl 6, 250
Abū Muqātil al-Samarqandī 283, 284
Abū Mūsā ʿĪsā b. Ṣubayḥ al-Murdār 94
Abū Muṭīʿ al-Balkhī 283, 284
Abū Muṭīʿ Makḥūl al-Nasafī 255, 256
Abū l-Naṣr ʿAbd al-Raḥīm b. ʿAbd al-Karīm b. Hawāzin al-Qushayrī ‘Ibn al-Qushayrī’ 660–3, 668–76
Abū Naṣr al-Fārābī 99, 147, 298, 300, 303–6, 307, 308, 323, 409, 448, 510, 552, 558, 682, 714
Abū Naṣr al-ʿIyāḍī 286
Abū Naṣr Muḥammad b. Masʿūd b. ʿAyyāsh al-Samarqandī 82
Abū Naṣr Qūrṣāwī 599, 600n
Abū Naṣr al-Sarrāj 326, 330, 331
Abū Nuʿaym al-Iṣfahānī 38, 330, 631
Abū Nuwās 145
Abū l-Qāsim ʿAbd Allāh b. Riḍwān 664
Abū l-Qāsim ʿAbd al-Karīm b. Hawāzin al-Qushayrī 233, 234, 326, 327, 328, 329, 330, 333, 334, 336, 337, 517, 669, 670, 671
Abū l-Qāsim ʿAbd al-Wāḥid b. ʿAlī b. Barhān al-ʿUkbarī al-Asadī 172
Abū l-Qāsim al-Anṣārī 12, 237, 396n, 400, 401, 497, 499, 528, 538, 541
Abū l-Qāsim b. Aḥmad b. Muḥammad al-Burzulī 528
Abū l-Qāsim b. al-Ḥusayn b. Shabīb al-Tihāmī 482, 485
Abū l-Qāsim Ibn Tabbān al-Muʿtazilī 172
Abū l-Qāsim Ismāʿīl b. ʿAbbād ‘al-Ṣāḥib b. ʿAbbād’ 8, 166, 169, 182, 184, 185, 201, 202
Abū l-Qāsim Ismāʿīl b. Aḥmad al-Jīlī al-Bustī 186, 192
Abū l-Qāsim al-Kaʿbī al-Balkhī 9, 131n, 159, 161, 182, 184, 200, 201, 202, 226, 286, 287, 288, 354, 356, 389, 390, 391, 393, 474, 480, 507
Abū l-Qāsim al-Khiraqī 626
Abū l-Qāsim al-Lajāʾī 327
Abū l-Qāsim Muḥammad b. Aḥmad b. al-Mahdī al-Ḥasanī 166, 184, 185, 192
Abū l-Qāsim al-Zawāwī 527
Abū Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī 98
Abū Rashīd al-Nīsābūrī 8, 161, 167, 168, 187, 188, 480, 483, 487
Abū Saʿd ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Maʾmūn al-Mutawallī 236, 237
Abū Saʿd Ismāʿīl b. ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusayn al-Sammān al-Rāzī 186, 191
Abū Saʿd al-Khargūshī 326, 329, 330, 333, 337
Abū Saʿd al-Muḥassin b. Muḥammad al-Bayhaqī ‘al-Ḥākim al-Jishumī’ 8, 166, 167, 183, 187, 188, 189, 191, 202n, 371, 375, 476f., 479, 484
Abū Sahl Ismāʿīl b. ʿAlī al-Nawbakhtī 199
Abū Saʿīd al-Ḥaḍrī/al-Ḥuṣrī 123
Abū Saʿīd Ibn Abī l-Khayr 326, 328f.
Abū Saʿīd al-Kharrāz 326, 329, 332, 336, 337
Abū Saʿīd al-Sīrāfī 408
Abū l-Ṣalāḥ Taqī b. Najm b. ʿUbayd Allāh al-Ḥalabī 202, 203
Abū Salama al-Samarqandī 286, 290
Abū Shākir b. al-Sanāʾ Ibn al-Rāhib 552f., 558, 559
Abū Shākir al-Dayṣānī 151, 198
Abū Shakūr al-Sālimī 14, 290, 291, 292, 588, 599n
Abū Sulaymān al-Juzjānī 286
Abū Sulaymān al-Manṭiqī 110
Abū Ṭālib al-akhīr Yaḥyā b. Aḥmad b. al-Ḥusayn b. al-Muʾayyad bi-llāh Aḥmad b. al-Ḥusayn al-Hārūnī 476
Abū Ṭālib al-Makkī 328, 329, 337
Abū Ṭayyib al-Rāzī 200
Abū Turāb ‘ʿĀrif Efendi’ 717n
Abū ʿUbayda Muslim b. Abī Karīma 243, 244, 245, 249
Abū ʿUmar ʿĪsā b. ʿUmayr al-Hamdānī 248, 249, 250
Abū ʿUmar ʿUthmān b. ʿAbd Allāh al-Salāluqī/al-Salālujī 13, 519
Abū ʿUthmān al-Dimashqī 68n, 71
Abū ʿUthmān al-Jāḥiẓ 103, 106, 108, 109, 111, 117, 122n, 123, 131n, 143, 145, 655, 656
(p. 798) Abū l-Wafāʾ ‘the Preacher’ 673
Abū l-Wafāʾ ʿAlī b. ʿAqīl 172, 631, 632, 633, 660–8, 671, 674, 675f.
Abū l-Walīd Sulaymān b. Khalaf al-Bājī 233, 234, 517, 518, 519, 520, 524n
Abū Yaʿlā Muḥammad b. Ḥasan b. Ḥamza al-Jaʿfarī 202
Abū Yaʿlā Muḥammad b. al-Ḥusayn b. Farrā 16, 626, 630, 631, 632, 663, 664
Abū Yaʿlā Sallār/Sālār b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz al-Daylamī 202
Abū Yaʿqūb al-Sijistānī 316, 317
Abū Yaʿqūb Yūsuf (Almohad caliph) 682, 688
Abū Yaʿqūb Yūsuf b. ʿAbd Allāh al-Shaḥḥām 160
Abū Yaʿqūb Yūsuf al-Baṣīr 9, 169, 174, 175
Abū Yazīd/Bayāzīd al-Bisṭāmī 325, 331, 332, 333, 334, 335
Abū l-Yusr al-Pazdawī 281, 291, 292, 587, 697, 698
Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb b. Isḥāq al-Kindī 298, 300, 301–3, 304, 308, 316, 323, 654, 655, 656
Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb al-Manṣūr (Almohad ruler) 269, 526, 685, 686
Abū Zayd, Naṣr Ḥāmid 738, 740, 741, 752, 782
Abū Zayd ʿĪsā b. Muḥammad b. Aḥmad al-ʿAlawī 181, 182, 191, 192
Abū Ziyād al-Ḥusayn b. Aḥmad al-Aṭrābulusī 249f.
Abū Zurʿa ʿUbayd Allāh b. ʿAbd al-Karīm al-Rāzī 272, 276
Adham al-Khalkhālī 464
ʿAḍud al-Dawla 230
ʿAḍud al-Dīn ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Aḥmad al-Ījī 414, 421, 424, 494, 495, 496, 503, 504–12, 538, 541, 568, 570, 591, 592, 608, 611, 612, 613, 614, 617, 716
Aetius 58
Afḍal al-Dīn al-Khūnajī 416, 418, 536, 537, 538, 551, 558
Afḍal al-Dīn Muḥammad al-Turka al-Iṣfahānī 464
ʿAfīf al-Dīn al-Tilimsānī 330
Agathias 108
ahl al-ḥadīth/muḥaddithūn (traditionists/traditionalists) 135, 137, 215, 217, 218, 219, 220, 226, 227, 228, 246, 254, 263–78, 427, 516, 517, 626, 649n, 651, 653, 654, 655, 656, 658, 698–700, 741
Aḥmad b. ʿAbd Allāh al-Ghadāmiṣī al-Miṣrī 539
Aḥmad b. ʿAbd Allāh (Muḥammad) al-Jazāʾirī 540
Aḥmad b. ʿAbd al-Fattāḥ b. Yūsuf al-Mallawī 415, 540
Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-Shaṭawī 354, 356
Aḥmad b. Ḥanbal 15, 63, 95, 217, 219, 220, 273, 274, 277, 583, 625, 626, 627, 628, 629, 631, 633, 639, 651, 652, 653, 698, 699, 723
Aḥmad b. ʿĪsā b. Zayd 474n
Aḥmad b. Muḥammad al-ʿĀṣimī 17
Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. Aḥmad b. Sālim 17
Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-Raṣṣāṣ al-Ḥafīd 485, 488
Aḥmad b. Muḥammad al-Barqī 86, 197
Aḥmad b. Muḥammad Ibn Fūrak 13, 234, 290, 291
Aḥmad b. Muḥammad al-Muqaddas al-Ardabīlī 83, 463, 464
Aḥmad b. Muḥammad al-Ṣāwī 543, 544
Aḥmad b. Muḥammad al-Sayyārī 10, 82, 84
Aḥmad b. Ṣalāḥ b. al-Hādī b. Ibrāhīm b. Tāj al-Dīn 488
Aḥmad b. Ṣāliḥ b. Muḥammad b. Abī l-Rijāl 488
Aḥmad b. Yaḥyā al-Balādhurī 47
Aḥmad b. Zakarī al-Tilimsānī 527
Aḥmad Bābā al-Timbuktī 525
Aḥmad al-Damanhūrī 426n, 540, 542, 543
Aḥmad al-Dardīr al-Mālikī 538, 541
Aḥmad al-Ghazālī 327, 335
Aḥmad Riḍā Khān Barīlavī 615
Aḥmad Sirhindī 333, 595, 596, 597n, 609
Aḥmad Zarrūq 334, 528
Aḥmed Beyāżīzāde 425
Ahmed Rıza 579
Aḥūḏemmeh (bishop) 31
Āʾisha ʿAbd al-Raḥmān ‘Bint al-Shāṭiʾ’ 775, 780
Akbar (Mughal emperor) 608, 609, 610
(p. 799) Akkirmani Mehmed 575
Akmal al-Dīn al-Bābartī 570
Āl Ṣāʿid 173
ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn ʿAlī b. Muḥammad al-Qūshjī 14, 457n, 462, 463, 572, 593, 608, 610, 614
ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn al-Mawdūdī 788
ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī 359, 360, 572, 573
Alami, A. 364, 370
ʿAlawīs 181
Albinus 57, 113
Alexander of Aphrodisias 67, 70, 116, 299
ʿAlī b. ʿAbd Allāh al-Madīnī 277
ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib (Imam) 13n, 28, 86, 87, 133, 135, 143, 182, 188, 242, 243, 264, 272, 282, 339, 462, 481, 512, 544, 628, 630
ʿAlī b. Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-Fāsī al-Saqqāṭ 539
ʿAlī b. Aḥmad b. Khumayr al-Umawī al-Sibtī 13
ʿAlī b. al-Ḥasan Ibn ʿAsākir 50, 226, 227n, 668, 674
ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusayn b. Muḥammad al-Daylamī Siyāh [Shāh] Sarījān [Sarbījān] 166, 187, 189, 192
ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusayn al-Masʿūdī 85, 131n, 145n
ʿAlī b. Ibrāhīm al-Qummī 82, 106
ʿAlī b. ʿĪsā al-Rummānī 161n
ʿAlī b. Muḥammad b. Aḥmad al-Bukurī 484
ʿAlī b. Muḥammad b. Mahdī al-Ṭabarī 13, 184
ʿAlī b. Muḥammad al-Fazārī 237
ʿAlī b. al-Murtaḍā b. al-Mufaḍḍal 488, 489
ʿAlī b. Mūsā al-Riḍā (Imam) 83
ʿAlī b. Nāṣir al-Dīn b. Muḥammad al-Miṣrī al-Fāḍilī 539n
ʿAlī b. Yaḥyā al-Fuḍaylī 488
ʿAlī b. Yūsuf b. Tāshufīn (Almoravid ruler) 520, 521, 522
ʿAlī Qārī Harawī 595
ʿAlī Shīr Navāʾī 595
ʿAlids 45
Almohads 522–7, 679–89
Almoravids 519, 520, 521, 523, 524, 525, 688, 689, 699
Alp Arslān 670
Amān Allāh Banārasī 616
ʿAmāra (ʿImāra), M. 716, 717, 718, 722, 753n
ʿAmīd al-Mulk Abū Naṣr Manṣūr al-Kundurī 669, 670
Amīn, Qāsim 773
Amīn Aḥsan al-Iṣlāḥī 776
Amīn al-Dīn Faḍl Allāh b. Rūzbahān al-Khunjī 610
Amīn al-Khūlī 737, 738, 740, 775, 779, 780, 784
Amīr ʿAbd al-Qādir al-Jazāʾirī 709, 710, 726
al-ʿĀmirī 305
al-Amjad Ibn al-ʿAssāl 552, 553
ʿAmmār al-Baṣrī 97, 549
Ammonius 299
ʿAmr b. ʿUbayd 131, 132, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 144, 145, 243, 275
ʿAmr b. ʿUthmān Sībawayh 96
Anaxagoras 121n
al-ʿAnbarī (judge) 110
Andalusis 523
ʿAnḥūrī, Salīm 717
Ansari, H. 5n, 7, 10, 17, 55, 160n, 167n, 207, 481n
Anṣārī Qummī, M. R. 10
Anthropomorphists (mushabbiha) 56, 269
Apelles 30n, 106, 116n
Apollonius of Tyana 108
ʿAqōlāyē 31, 33
Arberry, A. J. 593
Arians 61, 76
Aristotelians 116, 119, 121
Aristotle 56, 63, 67, 68, 71, 74, 75, 77, 94, 104, 115n, 116n, 119, 121, 148, 154n, 161, 288, 297, 298, 299, 300, 301, 302, 303, 304, 305, 306, 308, 315, 322, 408, 437, 438, 443, 448, 452, 498, 499, 569, 582, 588, 746
Arius 58
Arkoun, Mohammed 738, 789
Aruçi, M. 15, 287
al-Asʿad Abū l-Faraj Hibat Allāh Ibn al-ʿAssāl 552, 553, 555
al-Asʿad Ibrāhīm Ibn al-ʿAmīd 559
aṣḥāb al-hayūlā 115, 119, 120, 122
aṣḥāb al-kumūn wa-l-ẓuhūr 120
aṣḥāb al-ṭabāʾiʿ (physicists) 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 151
al-Aṣīlī 515
ʿAṭāʾ Allāh b. Hādī Bukhārī 592, 599
Atay, Hüseiyn 748, 752
Ateş, Süleyman 732
Athīr al-Dīn al-Mufaḍḍal b. ʿUmar al-Abharī 422, 503, 536, 537, 538, 540, 552, 569, 574
al-Attar, M. 395
Attributionists (sifātiyya/ahl al-ithbāt) 215
Aurangzeb 611
Awḥad al-Dīn al-Kirmānī 335
Awlād al-ʿAssāl 552–7, 558
al-Awzāʿī 34, 47, 48
Āyat Allāh Muḥammad Ḥasan (Riẓā Qulī) Sharīʿat Sangalajī 734
Āyat Allāh Murtażā Muṭahharī 747
Āyat Allāh Rūḥ Allāh Mūsawī Khumaynī 743
ʿAyn al-Quḍāt al-Hamadhānī 328, 329, 330, 335, 336, 338
Ayyūbids 547, 551, 693, 696
Azāriqa 264
ʿAzīz al-Dīn Nasafī 338
Babajanov, B. 595n
Badeen, E. 14
Badr al-Dīn Muḥammad b. Bahādur b. ʿAbd Allāh al-Shāfiʿī al-Zarkashī 208
Badr al-Dīn al-Sakhāwī 536
Bahāʾ al-Dīn al-ʿĀmilī 464, 611
Bahāʾ al-Dīn Ḥaydar b. ʿAlī al-Āmulī 328, 460, 462
Bahmanyār b. Marzubān 503
Baḥr al-ʿUlūm ʿAbd al-ʿAlī b. Niẓām al-Dīn al-Sihālavī 617
Bahshamiyya 7, 11, 162–9, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 182, 184, 185, 187, 188, 189, 190, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 209, 364–82, 447, 476, 477, 478, 479, 480, 481, 482, 483, 484, 485, 486, 487, 488, 489, 667n
al-Bakrī al-Maghribī 674
Bakriyya 137
Banū l-ʿAmīd 559
Banū l-ʿAwd 458
Banū l-Muhadhdhab 558
Banū Nawbakht 82, 83, 199, 200
Banū Raṣṣāṣ 488
Banū Zuhra 204
Bar Hebraeus 298, 550, 551, 560, 561
Baraq Baba 339
al-Barbahārī 628, 629, 661, 668
Bardesanes/Bar Dayṣān 104, 112, 114, 151, 288
Bardesanites 104, 112, 114
Barḥadbeshabbā 114
Barlas, Asma 785
Barmakids 145, 244
Bashshār b. Burd 109, 123
Basil of Caesarea 70, 74
Basilides 104, 121
Basset, R. 522
Bāṭiniyya 191, 520
Bayezid I (Ottoman sultan) 570
Bayezid II (Ottoman sultan) 567, 572
Bayyūmī, ʿAbd al-Muʿṭī 753n
Bel, A. 522
Berbers 686
Bergson, Henri 735
Betti, Emilio 739
Beyazizade Ahmed 575
Bible 92, 93, 95, 106, 175, 319, 641, 713
Bishr b. al-Muʿtamir 122n, 145
van Bladel, K. 34n
Le Bon, Gustave 729
Brodersen, A. 14
Bruckmayr, P. 590n
Brunschvig, R. 527, 681
Büchner, Ludwig 725
Buddhists 27
Buehler, A. 595n, 596n
al-Burghūth 285, 288
(p. 801) Burhān Niẓām Shah 607
Buridan, John 415
Burzoē (physician) 106, 108
Būyids/Buwayhids 81, 166, 169, 172, 182, 202, 230, 476, 629, 660, 661
Byzantines 571
Cantemir, Dimitrie 576
Chalcedonians 31
Chittick, W. 594
Christian Aristotelians 98f., 169, 236, 408, 409, 416
Christians 1, 27, 29, 30, 31, 33, 36, 37, 48, 50, 56, 76, 91–9, 104, 105, 110, 113, 114, 115, 153, 216f., 249, 255, 288, 298, 302, 408, 443, 448, 474, 517, 518, 524, 547–62, 571, 609, 634, 671, 684, 688, 700, 721, 732, 786
Church Fathers 57, 58, 65, 548, 549
Comte 579, 583, 721, 729, 730
Cook, M. 30, 31, 32, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 629, 661
Copts 547–62
Cornell, V. 523, 525, 526, 681
Cureton, W. 5
Ḍaḥḥāk Abū Mālik al-Ḥaḍramī 83
Dahrīs 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 111, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 151, 288, 348, 358
al-Dāʿī al-ṣaghīr al-Ḥasan b. al-Qāsim 182
Damascius 300n
Daniel Dāʾūd 560
Dāniyāl al-Chawrasī 613, 614
Darwaza, Muḥammad ʿIzza 780, 781
Darwin, Charles 722, 724, 725, 750
David Bar Paulos 113
Davud-i Karsi 581
Dāwūd b. ʿAlī b. Khalaf al-Iṣfahānī 265, 266
Dāwūd al-Muḥabbar 220
Dāwūd al-Qayṣarī (Davud Kayseri) 569, 574
Dayṣanites 113n, 151
Democritus 113n, 114
Derviş Hayālī 572, 573
Descartes, René 347, 578, 583, 728, 729
dhimmīs 684, 685
Dhū l-Nūn al-Miṣrī 325, 329, 330, 334
Dhū l-Sharafayn Muḥammad 475n
Dickinson, G. L. 736
Dionysius Bar Ṣalībī 560, 561f.
Ḍirār b. ʿAmr 6, 55, 61, 66–77, 113, 144, 145, 149, 153, 154, 155, 285, 365
Ḍiyāʾ al-Dīn b. Sadīd al-Dīn al-Jurjānī 83, 209
Ḍiyāʾ al-Dīn al-Makkī 12, 207, 237, 497n
Donatists 249
Draper, John William 721
Dualists 107, 112, 113, 114, 115, 118, 120n, 150, 151, 288, 507
Durkheim, É. 579
Düzgün, Şaban Ali 748
Dyotheletes/Melkites 30, 95
Ebu Said Khadimi 424, 575
Ebu Suud 700
Elias of Nisibis 549
El-Rouayheb, Kh. 700
Elshahed, E. 173, 486n
Empedocles 116
Ephrat, D. 673
Ephrem 112, 151n
Epicureans 56, 115
Epicurus 113, 114
Esack, Farid 786
van Ess, Josef 28, 29, 30, 38, 39f., 47, 50, 58, 68n, 71n, 81, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 144, 216, 217, 220
Eunomius of Cyzikus 58, 65
Eutychius of Alexandria (Saʿīd b. Biṭrīq) 95, 113
Faḍl-i Ḥaqq b. ʿAbd al-Ḥaqq al-Rāmpūrī 617f.
Faḍl-i Ḥaqq b. Faḍl-i Imām Khayrābādī 617, 621
Faḍl-i Imām Khayrābādī 616
Faḍl-i Rasūl Badāyūnī 617
Fakhr al-Dawla (vizier) 672
Fakhr al-Dawla b. al-Amjad Ibn al-ʿAssāl 553
Fakhr al-Dīn Aḥmad b. ʿAbd Allāh b. Saʿīd ‘Ibn al-Mutawwaj al-Baḥrānī’ 459
Fakhr al-Dīn ʿIrāqī 335
Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī 12, 14, 115n, 174, 207, 210, 309, 402, 403, 404, 416, 418, 421, 422, 425, 447, 456, 457, 489, 497, 498, 499–503, 505, 527, 528, 536, 537, 538, 541, 544, 550–60, 568, 570, 573, 574, 578, 620, 634, 638, 640, 667n, 720, 733, 777
(p. 802) Fakhr al-Dīn al-Sammākī al-Astarābādī 463
Fakhr al-Dīn ʿUbayd Allāh b. Faḍl Allāh al-Khabīṣī 538
Fakhr al-Muḥaqqiqīn Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan b. Yūsuf al-Ḥillī 83, 458, 464
Faraḥ Anṭūn 721, 726n
Farīd al-Dīn ʿAṭṭār 326, 335
al-Farmāwī, ʿAbd al-Ḥayy 784
Farrazādī family 188f., 477
Fatḥ Allāh al-Shīrāzī 608, 609, 612, 613
Fatḥ Allāh Ūriwī 598
Fatimids 81, 316, 516, 535, 684, 693
Fayyāḍ 328
Fierro, M. 15, 529n
Filibeli Ahmed Hilmi 728, 729, 730
Fletcher, M. 681
de La Forge, Louis 347f.
Frank, A. 600
Frank, R. M. 11, 56, 57, 147, 153, 227n, 234f.n, 364, 369, 370, 373, 381
Free-thinkers 727
Furāt b. Furāt b. Ibrāhīm al-Kūfī 82, 85
Gacek, A. 500n
Gadamer, Hans-Georg 739, 741, 742
Galen 104, 108, 115n, 116, 147n, 299, 582
Gassendi, Pierre 579
Gelibolulu Mustafa Ali 581
Genizah 6, 7, 167, 169, 174, 175
George (bishop) 31, 32, 33, 36n
George of Trebizond 571
Georgios Amirutzes 571
Georgius Gemistos Plethon 571
Geulinxc, Arnold 347
Ghadīr Khumm 182
Ghaylān al-Dimashqī 34, 35, 38, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 92
al-Ghazālī, Muḥammad 784
Ghaznavids 252
Ghiyāth al-Dīn Manṣūr al-Dashtakī 463, 608
Ghrab, S. 528
Ghulām Ḥusayn Dakanī Ilāhābādī 618
Ghulām Khalīl 327
Ghulām Yaḥyā b. Najm al-Dīn al-Bihārī 615, 616, 617
ghulāt 118, 314, 457n
Gimaret, D. 7, 8, 11, 144n, 145, 216, 223
Gnostics 104
Gökalp, Z. 579
Gölcük, Şerafeddin 750, 752
Goldziher, I. 37, 130, 132, 133, 134, 138, 139n, 144, 625, 662
Gospels 319, 504, 552, 553, 720
grammarians 162, 368, 382, 416
Greeks 121, 408, 409, 720
Gregory of Nazianzus 32n, 33n, 108, 113n
Gregory of Nyssa 66, 68, 69, 70, 71n, 72, 74, 75
Griffel, F. 523, 681
Guillaume, A. 50
Güler, İlhami 748, 752
Gutas, D. 657
Haarbrücker, Th. 5n
Ḥabīb b. Khidma Abū Rāʾiṭa 95, 96, 97, 549
Haddad, M. 716, 717, 718, 719, 722, 723
Ḥaddād, W. Z. 16
al-Hādī ilā l-ḥaqq Yaḥyā b. al-Ḥusayn (Imam) 38, 162, 182, 183, 184, 185, 191, 473, 474, 475, 476, 487, 488, 489
Ḥāfiẓ 335
al-Ḥajjāj b. Yūsuf (governor) 39, 46
Ḥajjī, M. 527
al-Ḥakam b. Hishām b. al-Ḥakam 83
al-Ḥākim (Fāṭimid caliph) 684
al-Ḥakīm al-Samarqandī 285, 286, 288, 290
al-Ḥākim al-Tirmidhī 326, 329, 334, 336, 337
Hallaq, W. 421n
Ḥamd Allāh b. Shukr Allāh 616
Hamdan, O. 7n, 8n, 167n
Ḥamdanites 81
Hamdi, E. 579
Ḥāmid al-Dīn al-Farāḥī 776
Ḥamīd al-Dīn al-Kirmānī (dāʿī) 191, 313, 314, 316, 317, 320, 321
Ḥāmid Ḥusayn 619
Ḥanafī, Ḥasan 740, 748, 749, 750, 751
Ḥanafiyya 56, 162, 166, 167, 169, 172, 173, 174, 187, 205, 221, 233, 252, 280–93, 388, 496, 507, 516, 568, 570, 576, 587, 596, 627, 663, 669, 693, 694, 695, 696, 699
Ḥanbaliyya 15–16, 56, 62, 146, 152, 215, 219, 220, 327, 329, 388, 411, 424, 502, 520, 537n, 625–43, 660–76, 693, 697, 698, 699, 720, 772
(p. 803) Hansu, H. 9n
al-Ḥārith b. Mazyad al-Ibāḍī 243
al-Ḥarrālī 688
Hārūn al-Rashīd (caliph) 144, 145, 244
Ḥasan b. ʿAbd al-Razzāq al-Lāhījī 465, 468, 469
al-Ḥasan b. Abī Bakr al-Maqdisī 15
al-Ḥasan b. ʿAlī 139, 242
Ḥasan b. Darwīsh al-Quwaysnī 540, 542
Ḥasan b. Muḥammad al-ʿĀṭār 538
Ḥasan b. Muḥammad b. al-Ḥanafiyya 28, 38
al-Ḥasan b. Muḥammad al-Raṣṣāṣ 186, 371, 375, 376, 377, 478–80, 481, 482, 483, 484, 485, 486, 487, 488
al-Ḥasan b. Yaḥyā b. al-Ḥusayn b. Zayd 474
al-Ḥasan b. Yūsuf b. al-Muṭahhar al-Ḥillī ‘al-ʿAllāma al-Ḥillī’ 209, 414, 425, 457n, 458, 459, 463, 607, 610
al-Ḥasan al-Baṣrī 28, 37, 38, 39, 40, 47, 53, 92, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 144, 243, 265, 388
Ḥasan al-Ṣabbāḥ 192
al-Ḥasan al-Yūsī 697
Ḥashwiyya 56
Ḥawwā, Saʿīd 776
Ḥaydar (Manghit amīr) 599
Ḥaydar, ʿI. D. A. 230n
Ḥaydariyya 339
al-Hayṣam b. Muḥammad b. al-Hayṣam 17, 253, 257, 258
Heemskerk, M. T. 7n
Hegel 736
Hermes 116n, 117
Ḥesed (al-Faḍl) al-Tustarī 174
Hibat Allāh b. al-Ḥasan al-Lālakāʾī 270, 272, 276, 277
Hintati, N. 517
Hippocrates 437
Hippolytus 121n
Hishām b. ʿAbd al-Malik (caliph) 49, 50, 52
Hishām b. ʿAmr al-Fuwaṭī 113, 153
Hishām b. Sālim al-Jawālīqī 83
Hızır Bey (Khiḍr Beg) of Sivriḥiṣār 572
Hobbes, Thomas 579
Hocazade 571, 572, 573, 574
Hodgson, M. G. S. 649n
Hommel, Fritz 734
Hourani, G. 384, 389, 392
Howard, D. 735
Hülagü 456
Ḥumayd b. Aḥmad al-Muḥallī al-shahīd 482, 483, 484
Hume, David 417
Ḥunayn b. Isḥāq 98, 109n
Ḥurūfis 698
Hurvitz, N. 661
Ḥusām al-Dīn Abū Muḥammad ʿAbd Allāh b. Zayd b. Aḥmad b. Abī l-Khayr al-ʿAnsī 485, 486–8
Ḥusām al-Dīn al-Ḥusayn/al-Ḥasan b. ʿAlī al-Sighnāqī 293
al-Ḥusayn b. ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib 734
Ḥusayn b. ʿAlī b. Sulaymān al-Baḥrānī 459
Ḥusayn b. ʿAlī al-Karābīsī 219
al-Ḥusayn b. Badr al-Dīn Muḥammad 483
al-Ḥusayn b. al-Ḥakam al-Ḥibarī 181
Ḥusayn b. Musallam al-Tihāmī 482, 483
Ḥusayn Ibn al-Rawḥ al-Nawbakhtī 199
Ḥusayn al-Ilāhī al-Ardabīlī 463
Ḥusayn al-Khalkhālī 612
Ḥusayn al-Khwānsārī 469, 611
Ḥusayniyya 475n, 476
Hüseyin Kazım Kadri 582, 583
Ibāḍ b. ʿAmr al-Tamīmī 242
Ibāḍiyya 5f., 16, 135, 242–50, 283, 516, 523
Ibn Abī ʿAqīl al-ʿUmānī 82, 83, 200, 466
Ibn Abī l-ʿAwjaʾ 112n
Ibn Abī Duʾād 652, 653, 655, 657
Ibn Abī l-Ḥadīd 172, 414
Ibn Abī Jumhūr al-Aḥsāʾī 11, 328, 460–2, 463
Ibn Abī Ṭayy al-Ḥalabī 208
Ibn Abī Uṣaybiʿa 551
Ibn Abī Yaʿlā 627
Ibn Abī Zarʿ 522
Ibn Abī Zayd al-Qayrawānī 272, 516, 517, 520
Ibn ʿAdī al-Jurjānī 183f.
Ibn ʿAjība 330, 332
Ibn Akhī Abī Shākir (al-Dayṣanī) 113
Ibn al-Amīr al-Ḥājj 13, 396n
Ibn ʿAqnīn 685
Ibn al-ʿĀrif 330
Ibn al-Ashʿath 39, 47
Ibn ʿAṭāʾ 631
Ibn ʿAṭiyya al-Garnāṭī 688
(p. 804) Ibn Bājja (Avempace) 520
Ibn Baṭṭa 629, 630, 661
Ibn al-Fārid 326, 335
Ibn Furāt (Abbasid vizier) 408
Ibn García 686
Ibn al-Ghaḍāʾirī 197n
Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī 610
Ibn Ḥajar al-Haytamī 422, 423, 424, 426, 537, 541
Ibn Ḥamza al-Marʿashī 184
Ibn Ḥazm 233, 265, 266, 267, 268, 269, 300n, 302, 303, 517, 518, 684, 687
Ibn Ḥirzihim 689
Ibn Hishām (grammarian) 416
Ibn Hūd 688
Ibn ʿImād al-Ḥanbalī 172
Ibn al-Jawzī 631, 632, 633, 663, 666, 668, 671, 672, 673, 674
Ibn al-Junayd al-Iskāfī 82
Ibn Kathīr 766, 772, 777
Ibn Khaldūn 160n, 225, 231, 333, 416, 522, 527, 528, 529, 535
Ibn Khallikān 536
Ibn Khuzayma 221
Ibn Mānūsh 113
Ibn Mujāhid al-Baṣrī 516, 517
Ibn al-Muqaffaʿ 122n
Ibn al-Nadīm 97, 132n, 142n, 161
Ibn Qasī 521, 689
Ibn Qays 117, 122n
Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya 16, 583, 641f., 642, 732
Ibn Qudāma al-Maqdisī 633, 637, 640, 665, 666, 667
Ibn Qutayba 110, 131n, 275
Ibn Rajab 663, 665, 668
Ibn al-Rāwandī 69, 123, 143, 145, 151, 153n, 289
Ibn Rushd/Averroes 301n, 306, 308n, 359, 440, 446, 515, 525, 526, 681, 682, 683, 687, 688, 695
Ibn Rushd al-Jadd 519, 520, 521, 524, 528
Ibn Sabʿīn 332
Ibn al-Ṣalāḥ al-Shahrazūrī 416, 422, 423, 542
Ibn Shuʿba al-Ḥarrānī 86
Ibn Sīd al-Baṭalyawsī 520
Ibn Sīnā/Avicenna 64, 147, 225, 231, 236, 298, 300, 301n, 303, 304, 305, 306–9, 323, 328, 357, 358, 359, 402, 411, 412, 416, 418, 435, 436, 437, 440, 442, 443, 444, 445, 446, 447, 448, 449, 450, 451, 452, 453, 497, 498, 499, 500, 501, 503, 510, 520, 551, 552, 553, 554, 558, 561, 571, 573, 574, 587, 588, 594, 615, 627, 633, 638, 639, 640, 714, 715, 718, 731
Ibn Taymiyya 16, 93, 174, 215, 275, 298, 327, 333, 414, 417, 418, 419, 420, 421, 422, 423, 426, 427, 450, 522, 537, 580, 583, 625, 627, 631, 633–41, 642, 643, 699, 726, 766, 767, 771, 772, 777
Ibn Ṭufayl 308n, 681, 682, 686, 687, 688
Ibn Tūmart 13n, 521, 522, 523, 524, 525, 526, 527, 679–88
Ibrāhīm ʿĀdil Shāh 607
Ibrāhīm al-ʿArārī 488, 489
Ibrāhīm b. ʿAbd Allāh b. al-Ḥasan b. al-Ḥasan b. ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib 136
Ibrāhīm b. Ibrāhīm al-Laqānī 538, 539, 540
Ibrāhīm b. ʿUlayya 250
Ibrāhīm b. Yūsuf Ibn Marʾa 237
Ibrāhīm al-Bājūrī 426, 538, 539, 540, 541, 542, 543, 544
Ibrāhīm al-Kurānī 697
Ibrāhīm al-Laqqānī 717
Ibrāhīm al-Naẓẓām 55, 77, 107, 111, 113, 116n, 119, 121, 142n, 143, 145, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 154, 155, 264, 288, 351, 366, 367, 372, 507
Idris, H. R. 517
Iʿjāz Ḥusayn al-Nīsābūrī al-Kantūrī 83
Ikhshīdiyya 9, 161
ʿImād al-Dīn Abū l-ʿAbbās Aḥmad b. Abī l-Ḥasan b. ʿAlī al-Kanī 189, 190, 477
ʿInāyat Allāh Bukhārī 592, 599, 600n
Iqbāl, ʿA. 209
Īrānshahrī 119n, 122
ʿĪsā b. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Saktānī 13
ʿĪsā b. Zurʿa 98
ʿIṣām al-Dīn Ibrāhīm b. Muḥammad b. ʿArabshāh al-Isfarāʾīnī 538, 573
Isḥāq b. Ḥunayn 68n
Isḥāq b. Ṭālūt 113
Īshniyāz b. Shīrniyāz 598
Ishoʿyahb Bar Malkon 560, 561f.
al-Iskandarīnī (preacher) 674
Ismāʿīl ʿĀdil Shah 607
Ismāʿīl b. Muḥammad al-Taymī 270
Ismāʿīl Gelenbevī 415, 575
Ismāʿīl Khātūnābādī 465
(p. 805) Ismāʿīl al-Makhzūmī 83
Ismāʿīliyya 81, 104, 188, 191, 192, 288, 298, 309, 313–23, 437, 448, 451, 456, 457n, 477, 498, 511, 512, 522, 607, 684
Israel of Kashkar 113
Ivanow, W. 607
İzmirli İsmail Hakkı 577, 578, 579, 580, 582, 583, 729, 730, 731, 732, 746, 747, 748
Jābir b. Ḥayyān 108, 115, 118n, 123
Jābir b. Zayd al-Azdī 242, 243, 249
al-Jābirī, Muḥammad ʿĀbid 781
Jabriyya (predestinarians) 36, 84
Jackson, S. 597
Jacob Bar Shakkō (Yaʿqūb b. Sakkā) 560f.
Jacob of Edessa 36, 37
Jacobites 92, 95
Jacopo of Gaeta (Hekim Yakub) 571
Jadidists 600, 731, 732
Jaʿfar b. Aḥmad b. ʿAbd al-Salām al-Buhlūlī ‘qāḍī Jaʿfar’ 188, 189, 190, 477, 478, 485
Jaʿfar b. Ḥarb 131n, 288
Jaʿfar b. Muḥammad al-Firyābī 44
Jaʿfar b. al-Qāsim al-ʿIyānī 475n, 476
Jaʿfar al-Ṣādiq (Imam) 82, 196, 198
Jahāngīr 610, 612
Jahm b. Ṣafwān 55–66, 75, 76–7, 92, 119n, 150, 153, 198, 253, 288
Jahmiyya 55–66, 76–7, 84, 220, 221, 253, 254, 256, 273, 275, 277, 746
Jalāl al-Dīn Muḥammad al-Dawānī 14, 464, 575, 576, 592, 593, 596, 599n, 606, 607, 608, 610, 611, 612, 614, 616, 716
Jalāl al-Dīn Rūmī 326, 335, 569, 731
Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyūṭī 271, 330, 422, 423, 426, 536, 537, 538, 766, 767, 768
Jalīlis 339
Jamāl al-Dīn Abū l-Qāsim ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAlī b. Zuhra al-Ḥusaynī al-Ḥalabī 204
Jamāl al-Dīn al-Afghānī 592n, 710, 714, 715f., 717, 718, 719, 724, 726, 731
Jamāl al-Dīn al-Aksarayī 570
Jamāl al-Dīn ʿAlī b. Sulaymān al-Baḥrānī 459
Jamāl al-Dīn Astarābādī 592
Jamāl al-Dīn Maḥmūd al-Shīrāzī 463, 608, 612
Jamāl al-Dīn Muḥammad b. Ḥusayn al-Khwānsārī 465
Jamāl al-Dīn al-Qāsimī 580, 710, 725, 726, 727, 729, 769, 772, 773
Jamāl al-Dīn Sāvī 339
Jār Allāh al-Zamakhsharī 173, 188, 189, 191, 447, 485, 777
Jews 1, 6, 8, 11, 36, 56, 98, 105, 110, 147n, 168, 169, 174, 175, 199,