Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 22 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the Twelver Shīʿites’ reception of Muʿtazilism. It begins with a historical background on the rational theology of the Twelver Shīʿites between the mid third/ninth and seventh/thirteenth century, along with mutakallimūn’s engagement in defence of Shīʿī doctrines against non-Shīʿī opponents and the teachings of the Imams. It then discusses Twelver Shīʿism increased turn towards Muʿtazilism during the so-called ‘Minor Occultation’ and its consequences both for the mutakallimūn among the Imamis and the traditionists. It also considers the impact of Bahshamite Muʿtazilism on the Imami traditionists during the ‘Major Occultation’, as well as the Imami mutakallimūn’s growing reservation against the controversial doctrines of the Bahshamiyya, coupled with a slow—real or imagined—‘return’ towards the early doctrines of the Imams. The chapter concludes with a look at Imami theologians who were active in Khurasan (Nishapur and Bayhaq) and in Rayy during the Saljuq period.

Keywords: Twelver Shīʿites, Muʿtazilism, mutakallimūn, Imamis, Twelver Shīʿism, Minor Occultation, Major Occultation, Bahshamiyya, Rayy, Khurasan

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.