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date: 18 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines Islamic theology and its integration to philosophy in the Ottoman lands during the late medieval period. It also considers Ottoman intellectual history and the contacts Ottoman thinkers entertained with representatives of other religious cultures throughout the centuries. The discussion begins by focusing on the transmission of Islamic theology from Anatolian Saljūqs to the Ottomans, and then turns to the growth of Ottoman theological thought and the renewal of Islamic theology as an attempt to reconcile religion with modernity in the late Ottoman Empire particularly in the centre and also in some provinces. Finally, it looks at the criticism of and opposition to theology or philosophical thought among the Ottomans. It shows that the Ottomans engaged in a lively intellectual activity, especially during the fifteenth century during the reigns of Mehmed II (1444–6, 1451–81) and Bāyezīd II (1481–1512), and continued in the sixthteenth century during the reigns of Selim I (reigned 1512–20) and Süleyman I (reigned 1520–66).

Keywords: Islamic theology, philosophy, intellectual history, Anatolian Saljūqs, Islam, religion, modernity, Ottoman Empire, Mehmed II, Bāyezīd II

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