Abstract and Keywords
The theological tradition which can be traced back to Abū Ḥanīfa was initially a minor branch of Islamic theology, well established in North-Eastern Iran and Transoxania but hardly known in the central lands of the caliphate. Later on, however, its teaching became more elaborate and more prominent and was finally accepted as one of the two authoritative expressions of Sunnī kalām (the other being Ashʿarism). The chapter discusses this historical development by focusing on three of its major stages: the formation of the Ḥanafī theological tradition in the third/ninth century, its intellectual elaboration and transformation by Abū Manṣūr al-Māturīdī (d. 333/944) and the emergence of Māturīdism as a well-established kalām school in the late fifth/eleventh and early sixth/twelfth century.
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