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date: 18 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reviews the gradual adoption of Ashʿarism in the pre-modern Islamic west, from its introduction in Ifrīqiyā and parts of central Maghrib by the middle of the tenth century CE, passing through its subsequent propagation to and further development in al-Andalus until its dissemination in the Far Maghrib owing to the joint influence of Ifrīqī and Andalusī theologians. Special emphasis is put in the Almoravids’ contribution to this latter process and the challenges posed by Ibn Tūmart—the leader of the Almohad movement—to the local Mālikī-Ashʿarī establishment.

Keywords: Mālikism, Almoravids, Almohads, al-Andalus, Ifrīqiyā, the Far Maghrib, Ibn Tūmart

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