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date: 18 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article examines the reception of Neo-Ashʿarite theology during the Renaissance of Syriac and Copto-Arabic literature. It first looks at the so-called ‘Syriac Renaissance’ of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries and the ‘Renaissance of Copto-Arabic literature’ of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. It discusses some of the factors that contributed to the ‘Golden Age’ of Syriac and Copto-Arabic literature, including the political stability of Ayyūbid rule that provided favourable conditions to the flowering of the socio-cultural life among Muslims and non-Muslims. It then assesses the impact of the Coptic and Syriac Renaissances on scientific-literary production and the influence of earlier authors of Christian-Arabic literature on the exponents of the Syriac and Copto-Arabic Renaissances. It also analyses the Christian reception of Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī in Ayyūbid Syria and Egypt during the Renaissance of Syriac and Copto-Arabic literature.

Keywords: Neo-Ashʿarite theology, Copto-Arabic literature, Syriac Renaissance, Muslims, Christian-Arabic literature, Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī, Ayyūbid rule, Syria, Egypt, Christians

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