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date: 13 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter describes the rise and early development of the Ibāḍiyya movement and its theological teaching during the first centuries of Islam. It briefly mentions the initial role of Jābir b. Zayd and Muslim b. Abī Karīma in this teaching and then discusses the theology of ʿAbd Allāh b. Yazīd al-Fazārī (second half of the second/eighth century) in detail on the basis of recently discovered treatises by him. In his argumentation against the teaching of the Muʿtazila he proves to have been a major contributor to the development of Islamic kalām theology concerning predestination and the attributes (ṣifāt) of God. The teaching of ʿĪsā b. ʿUmayr al-Hamdānī, founder of a rival Ibāḍī sect in the eastern Maghrib, is also described.

Keywords: Ibāḍiyya, kalām theology, predestination, divine attributes, Jābir b. Zayd, Muʿtazila

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