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date: 31 March 2020

Abstract and Keywords

In the chapter the basic conceptions of Karl Marx’s philosophy are analysed. Starting from the Left Hegelian background of his thinking, Marx’s philosophical anthropology, his conceptions of estrangement and labour, his theory of history and the normative presuppositions of his critique of political economy are made explicit as elements of a philosophical approach that is deeply influenced by Hegel’s philosophy and the complex strands of philosophical debates among the Left Hegelians. It is argued that the normative dimension of Marx’s philosophy can be reconstructed as a conception of recognition based on an Aristotelian notion of human nature. Central for this is an analysis of Marx’s conception of labour as a variant of Hegel’s concept of action, i.e. as a variant of the objectification model of human agency. The chapter thereby argues for a strong continuity in Marx’s theory, which should be understood as an anthropological version of German Idealism.

Keywords: Hegel, Hegelianism, Marx, alienation, anthropology, dialectics, essentialism, history, justice, recognition

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