Abstract and Keywords
Marx’s theory of ideology arose through a sort of flexible generalization of a model for critically explaining religion that had already been developed before him by his immediate predecessors Hegel, Feuerbach, and Bauer, leading him to a powerful diagnosis of a much wider range of false beliefs as serving certain class interests in competition with others and as occurring because they serve those interests. The theory does not succumb to the objections that have been leveled against it. On the contrary, it deserves not elimination but extension.
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