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date: 05 April 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The chapter analyzes two contrasting approaches toward the Other in German philosophy of the nineteenth century. One derives from Kant’s prioritization of necessity and autonomy. This approach champions a homogenous account of reason which in turn derives from a secularized understanding of a Platonic perspective of Christianity’s moral kernel; as defined here in terms of Christ’s death to all merely embodied worldly interests and predilections. This approach refuses to engage with non-western cultures that do not subscribe to such a secularized vision of reason (i.e. as the autonomous overcoming of heteronomous desires). Following in Kant’s footsteps Fichte, Feuerbach, Schopenhauer, and in some ways Hegel perceive the Other as contingent and irrational. The chapter contrasts this homogenous approach to the Other to a more cosmopolitan one in the philosophical work of Herder, F. Schlegel and F. D. E. Schleiermacher.

Keywords: autonomy, contingency, Feuerbach, Fichte, Schopenhauer, Kant, Marx, necessity, secularization, heteronomy

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