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date: 04 April 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The chapter provides an introduction to philosophy of history, mainly focusing on the work of G. W. F. Hegel. It includes an analysis of his method, which he curiously describes as both “historical” and “a priori.” The main objective of the chapter is to draw on features of Hegel’s method to explain his apparently contradictory claims, namely that his world history is a history of the progress of Spirit (whose “essence” is freedom), and that this progress develops in accordance with “conceptual necessity.” The final pages of the chapter review the reception of Hegel’s philosophy of history by Marx and Nietzsche.

Keywords: Hegel, philosophy of history, freedom, necessity, Marx, Nietzsche

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