Abstract and Keywords
In recent philosophical discussions Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher is still overshadowed by his more famous contemporaries Fichte, Schelling, and Hegel. Nevertheless Schleiermacher’s philosophy is an original position in post-Kantian classical German philosophy. Combining Kant and Spinoza, Schleiermacher followed his own path to philosophical positions similar to early romanticism. In cooperation with Friedrich Schlegel he became a leading figure in the romantic movement and, beginning with his Grundlinien einer Kritik der bisherigen Sittenlehre and in his lectures in Halle and Berlin, he developed his philosophy systematizing the romantic positions in numerous disciplines, especially dialectics, ethics, psychology, hermeneutics, philosophy of state, and aesthetics. Consequently, Schleiermacher’s philosophy is close to Hegel in the unity of logic and metaphysic and in his concept of ethical life, but contrary to Hegel in founding the absolute in feeling instead of the concept.
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