Abstract and Keywords
Nineteenth-century Germanophone philosophy of language divides into three strands: hermeneutic, logical, and critique of language, which are discussed in turn, starting with their eighteenth-century roots. There will also be some compare and contrast, between and within them. The ideas of language as the medium of communication, the glue of society, and a driving force of history are most prominent in the hermeneutic tradition. The idea of language as a source of (philosophical) problems and confusions defines the critique of language, while also playing a role in the logical strand. The idea of language as a resource for resolving such problems and facilitating the quest for knowledge is most evident in the logical strand. The relationship between thought and language has excited all currents roughly equally.
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