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date: 01 April 2020

Abstract and Keywords

In Germany during the nineteenth century there was enormous interest in understanding the mind, its structure, its place in the world, and the possibility of a complete scientific account of human nature. Nineteenth-century Germany also witnessed a flowering of thought about the machinations of unconscious mental processes, thought which would go on to influence Sigmund Freud’s work at the turn of the twentieth century. Such ideas were discussed and debated among philosophers as well as natural scientists and educated members of the general public. In more or less chronological order, the chapter focuses on a small sampling of these issues as it discusses the widely accepted tripartite model of consciousness, Hegel’s dissolution of the mind–body problem, the controversy over materialism, and Eduard von Hartmann’s Theory of the Unconscious. Along the way, connections to various topics in contemporary philosophy of mind are also pointed out.

Keywords: mind, Hegel, mind–body problem, dualism, representation, consciousness, Materialismusstreit, materialism, von Hartmann

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