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date: 26 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Frenetic Romanticism developed as a specifically French hybrid form, tracing its lineage back to Bandello and Rosset, via such eighteenth-century intermediaries as Jacques Cazotte—the author of Le Diable amoureux (1772), traditionally regarded as the first important example of the conte fantastique. However, it also derived from the more recent literary and historical models variously provided by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Sade, German Romanticism in its many forms, the English, Scottish, and Irish Gothic novel, Byron, Polidori, the Shelleys, and the French Revolutionaries, particularly the Jacobins. Frenetic Romanticism in all its various forms produces what Artaud refers to as a psychic phosphorescence that serves to break down psychic barriers. This made (and continues to make) Frenetic Romanticism appear profound and liberating to some, but extravagant and ephemeral to others.

Keywords: Freneticism, self, surrealism, psychology, libertinism, fantasy, Gothic, Romanticisms, Artaud

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