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date: 08 April 2020

(p. 923) Name Index

(p. 923) Name Index

A
Abbe, Ernst 619–20
Abernethy, John 683, 686
Abraham, Max 729, 792, 800, 802
Académie Royale des Sciences, Paris 12, 17, 342, 406, 456
Accademia degli Aletofili, Verona 18
Accademia degli Inquieti, Bologne 17
Accademia del Cimento, Florence 12, 489
Accademia Fisico-Matematica, Rome 17–18
Adams, George 275, 309, 334, 335
Adie, Alexander 338
AEG, Germany 621, 869
Aepinus, Franz Ulrich Theodor 286, 407, 439–40
Agrippa, H. C. 96
Airy, George Biddell 333, 457
Aitken, James 524
Aldini, Giovanni 682, 683
Allen, Elias 104
Allentown transistor plant 874
Alpher, Ralph 904, 909
Althaus, Julius 693
Amici, Giovanni Battista 348, 627
Amontons, Guillaume 483
Ampère, André-Marie 285–92, 418, 420, 492, 542–5, 547–50, 551–2, 553, 767
Amsler, Jacob 628–9
Anderson, Carl 851
Anderson, John 305
Aquinas, Thomas 10
Arago, Dominique François Jean 271, 272, 336, 411–13, 418, 446, 447, 449–56, 462, 539, 542–3, 545
Archimedes 230, 231
Arden, Jonn 315–16
Argand, Jean-Robert 466
Aristotle 228
Arnold, John 334
Arnol’d, Vladimir 151
Arnott, Neil 664
Arrhenius, Svante 895
Arrighetti, Niccolò 30
Arsenius, Gualterus 97
Ashworth, William J. 713
Askania Werke A.G., instrument-makers, Germany 642
Atari company 883, 884
Atkinson, Edmund 664
Atten, Michel 745–6, 762n
Atwood, George 309
Augustus, Georg 350
Auzout, Adrien 214
Avery, Elroy McKendree 665
Ayrton, William 737
B
Baade, Walter 916
Babbage, Charles 553
Bacon, Francis 14, 201, 227
Badino, Massimiliano 670
Baird & Tatlock, instrument-makers, Glasgow/London 624
Baker, A. S. 329
Baker, B. B. 465–6
Baliani, Giovanni Battista 213
Bamberg, C. 617
Bamberg, instrument-makers, Germany 642
Bancalari, Michele 563
Banks, Joseph 340
Barbaro, Daniele 246
Bardeen, John 872–3, 881
Barkan, Diana 754n, 821
Barlow, Peter 553
Barlow, William 99
Barnard, Sarah 551
Barozzi, Francesco 243
Barrow, Henry 341
Bartholin, Erasmus 413
Bate, John 103
Bauer, Edmond 748
Bausch & Lomb, instrument-makers, USA 632, 633, 638
Beard, George 688
Beaune, Florimond de 242
Beccaria, Giovanni Battista 348
Becquerel, Antoine 563
Beddoes, Thomas 282, 285, 681
Bedini, Silvio A. 351
Beeckman, Isaac 57, 68, 84, 85
Bella, Giovanni Antonio dalla 346
Bellani, Angelo 348
Bell Laboratories 867, 870, 871–4, 888
Bellone, Enrico 426
Benedetti, Giovanni Battista 14, 232, 246
(p. 924) Benedetti, Silvano 24n
Benoist, Louis 747
Bentham, Jeremy 316, 317
Bentley, Richard 140, 160
Bentley, Thomas 316
Bérard, Jacques Étienne 416, 480, 482, 485, 487
Berge, Matthew 335
Berg, F. G. 631
Berkeley, George 150, 159
Bernoulli, Daniel 158, 359, 360, 362–6, 379–80, 385–6, 492, 767
Bernoulli, Jacob 158, 247, 256, 359, 377
Berthollet, Claude Louis 270, 272, 409–10, 412–13, 416, 418, 424, 487, 537
Berti, Gasparo 213
Bertin-Mourot, Pierre 743
Bertoloni Meli, Domenico 153
Bertucci, Paola 312
Bessel, Friedrich Wilhelm 705–6, 711–12
Besso, Michel 823
Besson, Jacques 244
Bethe, Hans 847, 870
Bianchini, Francesco 18
Bird, Golding 657–8, 660, 664, 685, 691
Bird, John 329, 330, 335
Black, Joseph 338, 416, 475, 478
Blanc, Charles 368
Bliss, Nathaniel 317, 333
Bloch, Eugène 748
Bloch, Felix 870
Blondel, Christine 292
Blondlot, René 692
Blumhof, Johann Georg Ludolf 661
Blunt, Thomas 335
Bochart de Saron, Jean-Baptiste Gaspard 343
Böckler, George Andrea 244
Boerhaave, Herman 474
Boltzmann, Ludwig 724, 770, 771–86, 816, 817, 819
Bondi, Hermann 905–8, 911
Bontemps, Georges 332
Borda, Jean Charles de 336
Borel, Emile 778
Borelli, Giovanni Alfonso 202, 301
Born, Max 670, 803, 836–7, 839, 840–2, 848
Borro, Girolamo 231
Boscovich, Roger 157
Bose, Satyendranath 843–4
Boswell, James 299–301
Bothe, Walther 839
Boulliau, Ismaël 114
Boulton, Matthew 299–300, 315–16, 317
Bourne, William 100
Boussinesq, Joseph 748
Boutan, Augustin 664, 743–4, 747
Bouty, Edmond 744
Boyle, Robert 11, 16, 104, 200, 203, 216–18, 227, 484, 713
Brading, Katherine 143
Bradley, James 157, 333
Bramer, Benjamin 245
Brander, Georg Friedrich 350
Branly, Edouard 862
Brattain, Walter 872–3, 881
Braun, Fernand 863
Braun, Karl Ferdinand 737
Bravais, Auguste 462
Breguet, Louis François Clément 287
Breit, Gregory 840
Breithaupt, Georg Augustus 350
Breithaupt, Heinrich Carl 350
Breithaupt, Johann Christian 350
Bressieux, Sieur de 102
Brettner, Hans Anton 662
Brewster, David 337, 447
Brillouin, Léon 748
Brillouin, Marcel 778
Brisson, Mathurin-Jacques 658
British Association for the Advancement of Science (BAAS) 510–11, 706, 707
British Optical Instrument Makers Association 636
British Scientific Instrument Research Association 639
Brougham, Henry 452
Bruner, Jerome 655
Brush, Stephen 426, 495, 678n
Bucciarelli, Louis L. 416
Buchwald, Jed Z. 702, 722, 732, 749, 751, 761n, 789
Buckmaster, Charles 665
Buffon, George Louis Leclerc 337, 408–9
Bugge, Thomas 312
Bunson, Wilhelm Robert 663, 893
Buonamici, Francesco 231
Burbridge, Geoffrey 908
Burbridge, Margaret 908
Burbury, Samuel 776
Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM) 714
Burgers, J. M. 854n
Bürgi, Joost 250
Burlini, Biagio 348
Burton, Mark 335
Busicom company 882
Butterfield, Michael 106
Buys Ballot, C. H. D. 769
C
Cabanis, Pierre 273
Cabeo, Niccolò 208, 433–4
(p. 925) Cahan, David 618, 714, 741, 754n, 760n
Caird & Company, Greenock 511
Caird, John 511, 518
Callendar, Hugh Longbourne 505
Cambridge Scientific Instrument Company (CSI) 624, 625, 641
Caminada, instrument-makers, Rotterdam 630
Campani, Giuseppe 101, 347
Campbell-Swinton, Alan Archibald 692
Canivet, Jacques 343
Cannon, John T. 379
Canton, John 305, 313
Cantor, Geoffrey 731, 734, 756n
Cardwell, Donald S. L. 499, 509
Carlisle, Anthony 282, 534
Carnot, Lazare 364–5, 498, 503–4
Carnot, Sadi 497–502, 509, 572, 766
Carpenter, William Benjamin 685–6
Carpentier, instrument-makers, Paris 623
Carpue, Joseph 682
Casella, instrument-makers, UK 624
Cassegrain, Laurent 168
Cassidy, David C. 842
Cassini, Giandomenico (aka Jean-Dominique) 336, 342, 703
Castelli, Benedetto 202, 229
Cauchoix, Robert-Aglaé 343
Cauchy, Augustin Louis 377, 424–5, 455, 460–3, 467
Caus, Salomon de 244
Cavallo, Tiberius 304, 312
Cavendish, Charles 101, 102, 441
Cavendish, Henry 338, 339, 340–1, 474
Celsius, Anders 474
Central Scientific Company (CESCO), instrument-makers, Chicago 632
Cesariano, Cesare 246
Chadwick, James 851
Chance Brothers, glass-producers, UK 635, 640
Chang, Hasok 709
Chappell, Captain Edward 514, 515
Charles, Jacques-Alexandre 344
Charleton, Walter 113
Charlier, Carl 896
Châtelet, Emilie du 155
Chaunut, Pierre 103
Chauvin & Arnoux, instrument-makers, Paris 623
Choi, Hyungsub 874
Chorez, Daniel 101, 103, 106
Christiansen, C. 468
Christie, Samuel Hunter 553
Christina, Queen of Sweden 15
Ciampini, Giovanni Giusti 17
Clairaut, Alexis-Claude 155–6, 157, 359, 363, 386, 393–5, 408–9
Clapeyron, Emile 501–2, 517
Clark, Alvan 352
Clarke, Samuel 125, 147, 159
Clausius, Rudolf 425, 504, 509, 527, 767, 768–70, 778, 782, 894–5
Clavius, Christoph 229, 231, 246
Clément, Nicolas 416–17, 480, 485–6, 498
Clerk, Agnes 896
Cock, Christopher 102
Cohen, H. Floris 7–9, 21n, 22n
Cohen, I. Bernard 131, 146, 653–4
Colombo, Realdo 201
Commandino, Federico 25, 230, 246
Compton, Arthur Holly 839
Computer Aided Training Systems 885–6
Comstock, J. L. 665
Comte, Auguste 417, 424, 490
Conant, James B. 654
Condolle, Augustin de 272
Cook, James 340
Copernicus 228–9
Copson, E. T. 465–6
Coradi, G. 628–9
Cornu, Alfred 623, 746, 762n
Cossor, A. C. 604
Cotes, Roger 134, 137, 140, 152, 154, 160, 256, 333
Coulomb, Charles Augustin 227, 277, 279, 286, 343, 440, 441, 536–7
Cousin, Jacques 391
Cox, John 692
Crawford, Adair 416, 479–80, 482, 486
Crookes, William 894
Crowther, James G. 901
Crum, Walter 519
Cuff, John 337
Cullen, William 484
Cumming, James 553
Cunaeus, Andreas 437
Cunningham, Ebenezer 733
Curie, Marie 739
Curie, Pierre 750, 763n
D
Daguin, Pierre Adolphe 664
d’Alembert, Jean le Rond 134, 156–7, 160, 359–60, 363–5, 368, 372–6, 381–2, 386–7, 393–4, 492
d’Almeida, Jean Charles 664, 743–4, 747
dal Monte, Francesco Maria 230–1
dal Monte, Guidobaldo 25, 33–4, 207, 208, 226–7, 230–1
Dalrymple, Alexander 334
Dalton, John 416, 421, 424, 479, 482, 483, 486
Danti, Ignazio 245
d’Arcy, Patrick 363
Darrigol, Olivier 722, 723–4, 752n, 798, 818–19
d’Arsonval, Arsène 689, 690, 692
D’Artigues, Aimié-Gabriel 332
Darwin, Erasmus 283, 301, 315, 484
Darwin, Horace 624
Daumas, Maurice 344
Davy, Humphry 268–9, 282–5, 287, 312, 319, 492, 534, 551, 552
(p. 926) Debierne, André 750
de Broglie, Louis 748, 844–5
Dee, John 96
De Forest, Lee 864
Deguin, Nicolas 659
Delaroche, François 416, 480, 482, 485, 487
Delaunay, Charles 391
De Luc, Jean André 349–50, 475–6, 480–1
Demonferrand, Jean Baptiste Firmin 549
Denis, Jean- Baptiste 167
Denny, William 524
Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR), UK 635
Deprez, Marcel 737
Desaguliers, Jean Theophilus 300–2, 305, 307, 314, 346
Descartes, René 10, 13–17, 56–90, 112, 114, 123, 202, 434
dualist metaphysics 72–3
Le Monde 60, 61–3, 68–73, 78–85
mathematics 69–70, 238–45
mechanics transformation 82–6
Principles of Philosophy 60, 72, 73, 112
system-binding strategies 79–82
Theory of the Earth 81
voluntarist theology 70–2
vortex mechanics 73–8, 132–4
Deschanel, Augustin Privat 664
Desormes, Charles Bernard 416–17, 480, 485–6, 498, 539
Despretz, César 659
Dessaignes, J. P. 417–18
Deutsche Geselleschaft für Mechanik und Optik 617–18, 622
Dew, N. 704
Dicke, Robert 909
Dick, Thomas 273–4
Diderot, Denis 303
Digges, Thomas 229
Dingle, Herbert 907
Dinwiddie, James 306, 308–9, 311, 316, 317–19, 324n
Dirac, Paul Adrien Maurice 670, 815, 842–3, 850–1, 903, 913
Divini, Eustachio 101
Dollond, John 313, 330, 336
Doppler, Christian 893
Dörries, Matthias 740
Dos Reis, J. M. 633
Dostrovsky, Sigalia 379
Dover, Alfred Walter 341
Dover, John 341
Drake, Stillman 31
Drion, Charles 664
Drude, Paul 670, 783, 784
Ducretet, instrument-makers, Paris 623, 652
Dufay, Charles François 303, 435–6
Dugas, René 359
Duhamel, Jean Marie Constant 424
Duhem, Pierre 740, 748, 759n, 895
Duillier, Fatio de 160
Dulong, Pierre Louis 419, 423–4, 480, 539, 822
Dumas, Jean-Baptiste 424
Dumotiez, instrument-makers, Paris 287, 288, 289–90
Dunnett, John 102
Dürer, Albrecht 246
Dworsky, Nancy 416
Dyson, Freeman 915
E
Earnshaw, Samuel 461
Earnshaw, Thomas 334
Eberhard, Johann Peter 661
Eckert, Michael 670–1
Eddington, Arthur 728, 755n, 899, 901
Edinburgh, University of 338
Edison, Thomas 739, 864
Edwards, John 331, 348
Ehrenfest, Paul 783, 785, 803, 818–21, 827–9
Eisberg, Robert 726–7
Eisenlohr, Friedrich 467
Eisenlohr, Gustav Willhelm 662, 663
Ekström, Daniel 349
Elder, David 519
Elder, John 518, 523–7
Elisabeth of Bohemia 15
Ellicot, Andrew 351
Elliott Brothers, instrument-makers, UK 624–5, 640
Elphinstone, George 318
Epstein, Paul 827
Erb, Wilhelm 688
Ericsson, L. M. 631
Ertel, Traugott Leberecht 629
Erxleben, Johann C. P. 661
Eschinardi, Francesco 17–18
Euclid 233
Everett, Joseph David 664
Evershed, Sydney 740
Ewing, Alfred 740
Exxon 884
F
Faggin, Fernando 883–5, 888
Fahrenheit, Daniel Gabriel 474
Fairbairn Company 512–18
Fairbairn, William 510–11, 527
Fairchild Semiconductor company 876–7, 879–80, 882, 888
Faraday, Michael 289, 291, 548, 550–2, 554–6, 558–62, 571–2, 685, 731, 738
(p. 927) Faulhaber, Johann 244
Fechner, Gustav Theodor 661
Feingold, Mordechai 242
Felix Meritis Society, Amsterdam 313
Ferguson, James 308, 310–11, 315–17
Fermat, Pierre de 240
Fernet, Émile 664
Ferrier, Jean 102, 103, 242–3
Filotecnica Salmoiraghi, instrument-makers, Milan 627
Fischer, Ernst Gottfried 658, 662
FitzGerald, George Francis 580, 732, 746
Flamsteed, John 119, 152, 157, 180, 333
Fleming, John Ambrose 735, 737, 739, 758n, 863, 864
Foncenex, Daviet de 362
Fontana, Felice 101
Fontanelle, Bernard le Bovier de 16, 153
Föppl, August 729
Forbes, James David 495, 519
Fordyce, George 316
Forman, Paul 837
Foster, Michael 679
Foucault, Michel 702
Fourier, Joseph 417, 419, 422, 424, 489–92, 496, 539
Fowler, Alfred 825
Fowler, William 908
Fox, Robert 270, 272, 482, 486–8, 509, 528n, 737, 742
Francini, Ippolito 101
Frängsmyr, Tore 701
Franklin, Benjamin 314, 344, 407, 437–9
Franz Schmidt & Haensch, instrument-makers, Germany 620
Fraunhofer, Joseph von 332, 350, 605, 616
Freke, John 302
Fresnel, Augustin Jean 288, 337, 417–19, 424–5, 446, 451–7, 459–67, 495, 539
Freund, Leopold 692
Fric, Jan 630
Fric, Josel 630
Frick, Joseph 618, 619, 662
Friedmann, Alexander 900, 902
Frisi, Paolo 361
Fuess, instrument-makers, Germany 620
Fuess, R. 617
Fuller, Steve 677n
G
Gaertner Scientific Corporation, instrument-makers, Chicago 632
Gaertner, W. 632
Gale, Leonard D. 665
Galileo 9–10, 11, 14–15, 25–55, 202, 793
De Motu 26–9, 232
Dialogue 36–9
experimentation 200, 204–8, 213
instrument-makers 98, 100, 101, 103
MS-72 29–35
proportion theory 230–8
Galison, Peter 740, 800
Galvani, Luigi 275, 348, 534, 680
Gambey, Henri-Prudence 343–4
Gamgee, Arthur 679, 680
Gamow, George 903–5
Ganot, Adolphe 610, 654, 656–7, 663–4, 743–4
Garber, Elizabeth 742
Gassendi, Pierre 114
Gauss, Karl Friedrich 344, 558, 710, 805
Gautier, instrument-makers, Paris 623
Gay-Lussac, Joseph Louis 272, 411, 413, 416, 417, 421–2, 483, 485, 487
G. B. Salm, instrument-makers, Amsterdam 630
Gearhart, Clayton A. 671, 819
Geiger, Hans 824, 839
George III, King 340
Germain, Sophie 415–16, 417, 418
Ghetaldi, Marino 240
Gibbs, Josiah Willard 765, 779, 780, 784–5
Gilbert, John 316
Gilbert, William 79–81, 98, 113, 200, 202, 203, 433
Gillispie, Charles Coulston 426, 498
Giuducci, M. 30
Glasgow Philosophical Society 519, 523, 524
Goddard, Jonathan 101, 102
Goertz, instrument-makers, Germany 642
Goldberg, Stanley 678n
Goldhaber, Maurice 913–14
Gold, Thomas 905–7
Golinski, Jan 306
Gooday, Graeme J. N. 712, 715, 759n
Gordon, Lewis 511, 517–18, 519, 523
Goudsmit, Samuel 835
Graham, George 329, 335
Graham, Thomas 770
Graindorge, André 14, 22n
Grasselli, J. 628
Grattan-Guinness, Ivor 423, 425, 509
’sGravesande, Willem Jacob 302, 309, 346, 379, 658
Gray, Stephen 303, 435, 436
Greatorex, Ralph 104
Green, George 441–2, 455, 463, 465
Gregory, David 151n, 152, 160, 168, 196, 256
Griesbach, Hermann 688
Grmek, Mirko 24n
Grossman, Marcel 805–6
Grove, William Robert 685, 694
Guagnini, Anna 737
Guarini, Guarino 14, 22n
Guericke, Otto von 11, 202, 215–16
Guinand, Pierre-Louis 332, 605, 616
Gunn, James 913
Guth, Alan 914
Guthrie, Frederick 665
(p. 928) H
Haas, Jacob Bernard 347
Haas, Joâo Frederico 347
Hachette, Jean Nicolas Pierre 417, 539
Haensch, H. 617
Hahn, Roger 272–3
Hainshofer, Philip 101
Hall, A. Rupert 7, 123n, 126
Hall, Edwin 576, 577, 656
Halley, Edmond 115–16, 138, 140, 152, 257, 333
Hall, Marie Boas 123n, 126
Hamilton, William Rowan 312, 391, 457, 459, 461, 827, 846
Harman, Peter 723
Harper, William 129n
Harries, Arthur 689
Harriot, Thomas 66, 100, 257
Harris, John 301
Harrison, John 334
Harrison, Peter 93n
Hartmann & Braun, instrument-makers, Germany 621
Hartmann, Georg 97
Hauksbee, Francis 104, 301–2, 346, 435
Haüy, René Just 410, 411, 413, 417, 481, 486–7, 658
Heath, Thomas 335
Heaviside, Oliver 577, 729, 740, 789
Hebra, A. 699
Heckmann, Otto 901
Hedley, William Snowden 694
Heilbron, John 271, 272, 274, 442n, 701, 702
Heisenberg, Werner 293, 815, 832, 836, 838, 840–3, 846–50, 870
Helmholtz, Hermann von 365, 455, 465, 468–70, 504, 578–80, 587, 617, 680, 684, 777, 895
Henry, Joseph 268, 273, 553, 554
Henson, William 866
Hentschel, Klaus 709, 710–11
Herapath, John 492, 767
Hermann, Jacob 256, 259, 359, 383
Hermann, Ludimar 679–80
Herman, Robert 904, 909
Herschel, John Frederick William 447, 553, 710
Herschel, William 274, 494–5
Hertz, Heinrich 579–83, 745–6, 862
Heussi, J. 662
Hilbert David 806–7
Hilger, Adam 624, 626
Hipp, M. 628
Hire, Philippe de la 247, 703
Hobart, Robert 318
Hodge, Jonathan 731, 734, 756n
Hoerni, Jean 876
Hoffmann, James 420
Hoff, Ted 882–3, 884, 885, 888, 889
Hoffwenius, Petrus 16
Hogg, Jabez 665
Holland, J. 331
Holton, Gerald 653–4, 666
Homes, R. 442n
Hong, Sungook 737, 749
Hopkinson, John 737, 740
Hopton, Arthur 100
Hornsby, Thomas 317
Horrocks, Jeremiah 114, 139
Howard, Don 671
Hoyle, Fred 905–9, 910
Hubble, Edwin 896, 899–900
Hubin, instrument maker 104–5
Huggins, William 893
Humason, Milton 899, 908
Humboldt, Alexander von 272
Hume, David 143
Hunt, Bruce J. 707, 708, 736–7, 738
Hunter, William 318
Hunt, Robert 665
Hurmuzescu, Dragomir 747
Hutton, James 494
Huxley, Thomas 737, 738–9
Huygens, Christiaan 112–14, 125, 135, 138, 143, 146, 154, 158, 167, 176–8, 202, 203, 207, 209–10, 247–9, 413, 414, 445–6, 464–6, 700, 703
Horologium oscillatorium 110, 120, 128–9, 148, 209, 247–9
I
Ilberg, Waldemar 663
Institut de France 413–16, 418–19, 486, 489, 537, 538
Institut d’Optique, France 637, 641–2
Institute of Medical Electricity, London 691
Institution of Engineers in Scotland 527–8
Instituto Tecnico G. Galilei, Florence 596
Intel Corporation 882–5, 886–7, 888, 889
Irvine, William 416, 478–9, 482–4, 507n
Islam, Jamal 915
Ivory, James 704
Izarn, Joseph 287
J
Jacobi, Carl Gustav 391, 711, 827
Jacobi, Moritz 706
Jaki, Stanley 392
Jallabert, Jean 303–4
James Queen & Co, instrument-makers, USA 632
Jamin, Jules 467, 654, 663, 666
Jammer, Max 854n
J. C. Marius, instrument-makers, Utrecht 618
Jeans, James 724, 733, 821, 824, 901
Jecker, François-Antoine 343
Jobin & Yvon, instrument-makers, France 642
Johns, Adrian 671
Johnston, John 665
Jones, Henry 104
(p. 929) Jones, Thomas 336
Jones, William 275, 309–11
Jordan, Pascual 671, 840–1, 842, 843, 850, 903
Joubert, Jules 745
Jouguet, Emile 359
Joule, James Prescott 503, 504–5, 520, 527, 738, 766, 767
Jünger, F. G. 630
Jungnickel, Christa 726
Jürgensen, C. P. 630
K
Kaiser, David 668, 669, 670, 678n
Kammerer, K. 629
Kapteyn, Jacobus 896
Kastner, Karl Wilhelm Gottlob 661
Kater, Henry 336, 341
Katzir, Shaul 749, 763n
Kaufmann, Walter 800
Keate, Thomas 682
Keill, John 152, 259
Keir, James 313, 316
Kelman & Son, instrument-makers, Amsterdam 630
Kelvin & James White Ltd, instrument-makers, Glasgow 624
Kelvin, Lord see Thomson, William
Kepler, Johannes 61, 87, 113–14, 116–19, 130, 135, 151, 249–50, 698
Kern, instrument-makers, Aarau 628
Kershaw, Michael 708
Ketteler, Eduard 469
Keuffel & Esser, instrument-makers, USA 632, 638
Kilby, Jack 878, 881
Kinnersley, Ebenezer 314
Kipp & Sons, instrument-makers, Delft 630
Kirchhoff, Gustav Robert 455, 663, 777, 893
Kleiner, Eugene 876
Kleist, Ewald von 437
Kley, Jacobus 345
Klopfer, Leopold E. 654
Knight, Gowin 304, 334
Knudsen, C. 630
Koenig, R. 588, 614
Koening, A. 587
Kohl, Max A. G. 608, 621
Kohlrausch, Friedrich 663, 665, 712
König, August Karl 425
Korteweg, Diederik Johannes 62
Koyré, Alexandre 7, 21, 31n, 201, 227–8, 700
Kragh, Helge 671, 841, 850
Kramer, P. 62
Kramers, Hendrik 829, 838–41, 856n
Krantzenstein, Christian Gottlieb 661
Krie, F. 662
Krüss, instrument-makers, Germany 621
Kula, Witold 702–3
L
Ladenburg, Rudolf 838
Lafond, Joseph-Aigan Sigaud de 658
Lagrange, Joseph-Louis 359, 362, 364–6, 370–1, 375–6, 389–91, 394–6
Laguna, instrument-makers, Zaragoza 628
Lambert, Johann Heinrich 482–3, 484
Lamé, Gabriel 424, 426, 663
Lancisi, Giovanni Maria 19
Lanczos, Cornelius 899
Landé, Alfred 831–2
Langevin, Paul 747, 748, 750
Langmuir, Irving 737
Laplace, Pierre Simon 157, 269–73, 276, 366, 371, 391, 394–6, 406–27, 441, 477, 481, 484, 486–8, 492, 496, 537, 702
Arcueil society 270, 272–81, 412–17
Lardner, Dionysius 665
Larmor, Joseph 578, 732–3, 756n, 757n, 824
Last, Jay 876
Lavoisier, Antoine Laurent 270, 272, 303, 344, 408, 477, 481, 487
Lawrence, Henry Newman 689
Lawrence, William 683
Lécuyer, Christophe 865
Legendre, Adrien Marie 416, 441
L. E. Gruley Company, instrument-makers, USA 632
Lehmann, O. 618, 619
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm 19–20, 113, 114, 125, 147, 148–50, 153, 158, 159, 247, 249, 255–9, 359
Leitz, instrument-makers, Germany 620
Lelong, Benoit 747, 748, 750, 7623n
Lemaître, Georges 900–1
Lencker, Hans 245
Lenoir & Forster, instrument-makers, Vienna 630
Lenoir, Étienne 336, 343
Lenoir, Paul-Étienne 343
Lenzen, Victor Fritz 653
Lenz, Heinrich 556
Lenz, Wilhelm 898–9
Leslie, John 479, 485, 495
Leslie, Stuart 874
Leupold, Jacob 106
Levi-Civita, Tullio 805
Levitt, Theresa 423
Leybold’s Nachfolger, instrument-makers, Germany 608, 621
l’Hopital, Guillaume de 247
Libes, Antoine 658
Lichtenberg, Georg Christoph 661
Liebherr, Joseph von 350, 616
Liebig, Justus von 503, 684
(p. 930) Linde, Andrei 918
Linton, C. M. 395
Lippmann, Gabriel 744–5, 750, 7612n
Lister, Joseph Jackson 337
Littmann, C. E. 630–1
Litton, Charles 865
Litton Industry 866
Lloyd, Humphrey 457–8, 459
Locke, John 147, 160
Lockyer, Norman 893, 894
Lodge, Oliver 694, 730, 731, 735, 737–8, 746
Logeman, instrument-makers, Haarlem 630
Lommel, Eugen 469
Longair, Malcolm 915
Loomis, Elias 665
Lorentz, Hendrik Antoon 469–70, 582, 783, 791–2, 800, 816, 821, 823, 847
Loschmidt, Joseph 774, 777
Lovering, Joseph 657
Ludwig, Carl 684
Lusuerg, Angelo 347
Lusuerg, Domenico 347
Lyth, G. W. 631
M
McClean, J. R. 511
McCormmach, Russell 722, 726, 753n
MacCullagh, James 462, 463, 467
McCullough, Jack 865, 866
McDougall, Captain 515–16
McGauley, James William 658
McGuire, J. E. 72, 143
Machamer, Peter 72
Mach, Ernst 358–9, 490–1, 808, 895
Mackenzie, James Stuart 340
MacLaurin, Colin 141, 256
MacMillan, William 902
McNaught, William 526–7
McVittie, George 905, 911
Magendie, François 273
Magnus, Gustav 617
Malebranche, Nicolas 17
Mallet, Jacques André 349
Malley, Marjorie 750
Malpighi, Marcello 19
Malus, Étienne Louis 272, 274, 413, 446, 447–50
Manfredi, Eustachio 17, 18
Manfredi, Gabriele 256
Mansell, Robert 101
Mansel, Robert 518–23, 524, 528
Marconi, Guglielmo 863, 881
Mariani, Jacopo 101
Mariotte, Edmé 113, 210
Marques, Gaspar José 347
Marsden, Ben 509, 824
Marshall, John 337
Marsigli, Luigi Ferdinando 347
Martin, Benjamin 302, 304, 310, 337, 340
Martin, John Lover 331
Maskelyne, Nevil 333, 334, 339
Mather, John 916
Maudsley, Henry 687
Maupertuis, Pierre Louis 155
Max Kohl, instrument-makers, Chemnitz 602, 608, 610
Maxwell, James Clark 269, 294, 425, 550, 566–8, 572–8, 706–7, 710, 715, 730, 732–5, 740, 767, 769–74, 778–81
Max Woltz, instrument-makers, Germany 622
Mayer, Julius Robert 503, 681, 684
Mazor, Stan 885–6, 888
Mede, Carver 884
Melloni, Macedonio 495
Mercadier, E. 761n
Mercator, Gerhard 257
Mersenne, Marin 66, 69, 103, 202, 206, 208, 209, 241, 246, 700
Merton, R. K. 870–1
Meyer, Oscar 771, 778
Meyerstein, Moritz 710–11
Michelson, Albert 709, 730–1
Millburn, John R. 340
Miller, David P. 704
Millikan, Robert 653–4, 656, 666
Milne, Edward A. 902
Ministry of Munitions, Optical Munitions and Glassware Department (OMGD), UK 635
Minkowski, Hermann 804
MIT 872
Moigno, François 286, 462
Molyneux, Emery 99–100
Monnier, Louis-Guillaume le 305
Montanari, Geminiano 17, 18
Montmor, Henri de 15
Moore, Gordon 876
Morand, Paul 622–3
More, Henry 16, 113
Morian, Johann 101
Morin & Genesse, instrument-makers, Paris 623
Morland, Samuel 107
Morley, Edward 730–1
Morse, Philip 870
Mortimer, Joseph Granville 691–2
Motorola 879
Mozzi, Giulio 371
Müller, Johann 610, 618, 654, 660, 661, 662, 663, 666
Müller, Johannes 684
Müller-Unkel, instrument-makers, Germany 622
Muratori, Ludovico Antonio 19, 24n
Murdock, Patrick 246
Murray, Andrew 512
Murray, John 479, 482, 485, 495
Musschenbroek, Jan van 106, 305, 345–6
Musschenbroek, Pieter (Petrus) van 302–3, 437, 658
Musschenbroek, Samuel 105, 106, 345–6
Mydorge, Claude 61, 66
(p. 931) N
Nairne, Edward 209, 312, 335, 340, 341
Napier, David 513
Napier, James Robert 518, 523–5, 527
Napier, John 250, 523
Napier, Robert 513, 524
Narlikar, Jayant 910
Nash, Leonard K. 654
National Education Association (USA) 656
Navarro, Jaume 670
Navier, Claude Louis 377, 425
Neale, John 304–5
Neile, Paul 101, 102
Nemetz, instrument-makers, Vienna 630
Nernst, Walther 814, 821, 822, 843, 902
Nerville, Guillebot de 745
Neumann, Franz 711–12
Newton, Isaac 20–1, 202, 434–5, 491, 709, 713, 895–6
Da Gravitatione 123, 134
De Motu 115–19
experimentation 211–12, 219–21
General Scholium 140–8, 407
Laws of Motion 119–26, 362–3
mathematics 114–15, 148–51, 245–7
Optiks 166–96
reflecting telescope 167–9
Nichol, John Pringle 519
Nicholson, John William 825
Nicholson, William 282, 285, 312, 534
Nicol, William 337
Nieuwentyt, Bernard 302
Nissen, J. 630
Nobili, Leopoldo 553
Nollet, Jean-Antoine 303, 344, 436–8, 658
Nordstrom, Gunnar 790, 802, 803
Norman, Robert 99
North, Francis 104
North, Roger 302
Noyce, Bob 876–7, 878, 879–80, 882
Nuñez, Pedro 229, 256
Nunn, Thomas William 687
Nye, Mary Jo 742, 750
O
O’Connell, J. 698, 706
Oersted, Hans Christian 287–8, 419, 442, 539–42, 563
Officine Galileo, instrument-makers, Florence 627–8
Ohm, Georg S. 553
Oldenburg, Henry 12, 167–9, 174
Olesko, Kathryn M. 705, 708, 711–12
Olland, instrument-makers, Utrecht 630
Olmsted, Denison 658, 665
Oppenheimer, J. Robert 851
Oughtred, William 104
P
Paauw, Jan 346
Pacific Steam Navigation Company (PSNC) 510, 524–7
Palmer, R. R. 9, 22n
Pappus 230, 231, 240
Pardies, Ignace Gaston 16, 175
Parker, Richard Green 665
Parra-Mantois, instrument-makers, Paris 605–6
Pascal, Blaise 103, 203, 247
experimentation 213–14
Paschen, Friedrich 894
Pauli, Wolfgang 670, 815, 830–2, 835, 836–7, 840, 843, 869
Paul, Jacques 349–50
Paul, Nicolas 349
Pazos, J. H. 633
Peacock, Captain George 525
Pearson, Karl 763n
Péclet, Eugène 659–60
Pedroso, José Maria 347
Peebles, James 909, 910
Peierls, Rudolf 869
Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company (P&O) 510, 516–17
Penzias, Arno 909–10
Percival, Thomas 317
Pereira, Benito 229
Périer, Florin 203, 213–14
Perlmutter, Saul 917
Perrin, Jean 747, 748, 750
Pestre, Dominique 742, 745–6, 748, 762n
Petit, Alexis Thérèse 417, 418, 419, 423–4, 480, 539, 822
Petit, Pierre 103
Physical Science Study Committee (PSSC) 655–6
Physikalisch-Technische Reichsanstalt (PTR) 618, 714
Picard, Jean 703
Piccolomini, Alessandro 229
Pickering, Edward C. 665
Pictet, Marc-Auguste 349, 484, 489, 494
Pinaud, Auguste 659
Pitcher, William 513
Pixii, Hippolyte 287, 289–90, 291–2, 557
Pixii, Nicolas-Constant 545
Planck, Max 722, 723–7, 741, 754n, 777, 783, 814, 816–21, 823, 828, 844
Plücker, Julius 563, 564
Plume, Thomas 333
Poggendorff, Johann C. 553
Pohl, Robert W. 868–9
Poincaré, Henri 391, 579, 740–1, 743, 777, 778, 797–8, 822, 823
Poincaré, Lucien 744, 749
Poinsot, Louis 362
Poisson, Siméon Denis 272, 371, 391, 413, 416, 420, 422, 423, 425, 441, 464–5, 484, 497, 537–8
(p. 932) Pond, John 333
Ponthus & Therrode, instrument-makers, Paris 623
Popper, Karl 907
Porro, Ignazio 348
Porta, G. B. 96
Porter, Roy 328
Pottinger, Sir Henry 517
Pouillet, Claude S. M. 418–19, 610, 618, 659, 660–1, 666
Poüilly, Jean 106
Pourciau, Bruce 150
Poynting, John H. 577–8
Preece, William 734, 735–6
Prévost, Pierre 488, 493–4
Priestley, Joseph 282–3, 307–8, 312, 314, 338
Prout, William 489
Ptolemy 218, 392
Q
Quackenbos, George Payn 665
Quare, Daniel 338
Quetelet, Adolphe 654
Quincke, Georg 467, 744–5
Quinn, Terry 714
R
Ramelli, Agostino 244
Ramond, Louis 271
Ramsay, William 893
Ramsden, Jesse 330, 335–6, 343, 585, 598
Randolph, Charles 519, 525, 527
Randolph, Elliott & Company 525, 527
Rankine, William John Macquorn 524, 525, 527, 767
Rayleigh, Lord 455
Réaumur, R. A. F. de 474
Recarte, instrument-makers, Madrid 628
Rees, Martin 915
Reeve, Richard 102
Regency company 875
Régis, Pierre Sylvain 152
Regnault, Henri Victor 474–5, 476, 480, 504, 750
Reiche, Fritz 671, 838
Reichenbach, Georg 350, 629
Reichenbach, Georg Friedrich von 616
Reichert, instrument-makers, Vienna 630
Reich, Ferdinand 563
Renwick, James 665
Repsold, instrument-makers, Germany 621
Reymond, Emil du Bois 684
Rheita, Anton Maria Schyrleus de 101
Riccati, Jacopo 256, 383
Ricci-Curbasto, Gregorio 805
Ricci, Michelangelo 213, 247
Riccioli, Giambattista 202, 206–7, 700
Ricci, Ostilio 230
Richard, instrument-makers, Paris 600, 623
Richardson, Owen 739
Riemann, Bernhard 805, 896
Rinssen, Antoni 345–6
Rittenhouse, Benjamin 351
Rittenhouse, David 351
Ritter, Johann Wilhelm 534–5, 539
Rive, Charles Gaspard de la 533, 553
Rive, Lucien de la 745–6
Roberts, Lissa 312–13
Roberts, Sheldon 876
Roberval, Gilles Personne de 215, 246
Robinson, John 440
Robinson, Thomas Charles 341
Roco, Mihail 886
Rogerson, John 910
Roget, Peter N. 555
Rohault, Jacques 105
Roller, Duane 653–4
Roll, Peter 909
Rømer, Ole 246
Röntgen, Wilhelm 692
Rouelle, Guillaume-Francois 303
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques 303
Rowan & Co, Glasgow 527
Rowan, David 527
Rowan, John M. 527
Rowland, Henry 709, 737, 738
Rowland, Sydney Danville 692
Rowlinson, John 425
Royal Humane Society, UK 683
Royal Institution, London 550–1
Royal Mail Steam Packet Company (RMSP) 510, 511, 513–16
Royal Society, London 12, 17
Roy, William 336, 338
Rudolph, John 666
Rumford, Benjamin, Count 489, 492–4, 496
Rumsey, James 318
Russell, John Scott 510, 529n
Rutherford, Ernest 822, 824, 826
Rutherford, F. James 667, 750
Ryle, Martin 908–9
S
Sabine, Edward 341
Sagredo, Gianfresco 40, 41, 103
Saint-Vincent, Grégoire de 250
Salisbury, Lord 734–5, 7578n
Salleron, instrument-makers, Paris 609
Salviati 30, 36, 38, 40, 41
Sandage, Allan 908, 911
Sarasa, Alphonse Antonio de 250
Sarasin, Édouard 745–6
Sarpi, Paolo 30, 34
Sarton, George 653
Sauerwald, F. 617
Saussure, Horace-Bénédict de 304, 349, 350, 484
Sauveur, Joseph 102
Savart, Félix 290–1, 546–7, 549
(p. 933) Savile, Henry 333
Schaffer, Simon 11, 309, 312, 704, 707–8, 713–14, 715
Schickore, Jutte 337
Schissler, Christoph 97
Schmaltz, T. 72
Schmidt, Johann Andreas 19
Schott, Gaspar 11, 216
Schott, instrument-makers, Jena 604, 605–6, 619–20
Schottky, Walter 739, 869
Schott, O. 619–20
Schramm, David N. 913
Schrödinger, Erwin 843, 844–9, 857n
Schwab, Joseph 655
Schwarzschild, Karl 827, 896
Scoresby, William 340
Scott, John 518, 527
Secord, James 671
Seeliger, Hugo von 895, 897
Segner, Johann Andreas von 369, 661
Sellmeier, Wolfgang 468
Selva, Domenico 347
Selva, Giuseppe 347
Selva, Lorenzo 347–8
Semitecolo, Leonardo 348
Seth, Suman 753n
Settle, Thomas B. 30
Shannon, Claude 881
Shapin, Steven 11, 22n
Shinn, Terry 618
Shockley Semiconductors 876, 888
Shockley, William 872–3, 876, 881, 888
Shuckburgh-Evelyn, George 340
Sibum, Heinz Otto 738, 759n
Siegel, Dan 731
Siemens & Halske, Germany 621
Siemens, Werner 706, 707, 741
Signet Technology 884, 885
Silicon Compilers 885
Silliman, Benjamin 665
Simms, William 335
Simon, Josep 669–70, 743
Simons, William 518, 527
Simpson, Thomas 313
Sisson, Jeremiah 335
Sisson, Jonathan 3, 329, 335
Sitter, Willem de 809, 897–903
Six, James 340
Slater, John 838, 839
Slipher, Melvin 898, 899
Sluse, François de 247
Smeaton, John 302, 309, 312
Smee, Alfred 687
Smith, Adam 155
Smith, George 122n, 128, 133n
Smith, Jeppe 349
Smith, John (Captain) 101
Smoot, George 916
Snel, Willebrord 62, 93n, 218, 257
Snowball, John Charles 665
Société d’Arcueil 270, 272–81, 412–18, 537
Société d’Optique et de Précision de Levallois (OPL) 641
Société Genevoise d’Instruments de Physique (SIP) 628
Soemmering, Samuel Thomas 536, 558
Soleil, François 337
Solvay, Ernest 822
Sommerfeld, Arnold 455, 465, 670, 814–15, 821, 823, 826–7, 829, 831, 834–7, 839, 840, 847
Sörensen, S. 631
Spencer, George 340
Spencer, instrument-makers, USA 638
Spinoza, Benedict de 145
Spitalfields Mathematical Society, London 313
Sprat, Thomas 10, 11
Staley, Richard 709, 721–9, 751–2, 7534n, 823
Starke & Kammerer, instrument-makers, Vienna 629
Starke, C. 629
Steavenson, William 691
Stefan, Joseph 771, 778
Steigman, Gary 913
Steinheil, Carl August 350
Stein, Howard 120n, 122
Steinmetz, Charles 739–40
Stevin, Simon 58, 59, 229, 257
Stewart, Balfour 665, 666, 687
Stirling, James 519
Stirling, Robert 521
Stokes, George G. 134, 455, 463, 465, 466, 770
Stoner, Edmund Clifton 834–5
Stone, William Henry 689, 691
Streete, Thomas 114
Strutt, William 774
Stuart, John 340
Sturgeon, William 553, 558
Sturm, Johann Christoph 19
Suzuki, Seitaro 898
Synattics 884, 885
Synotsis 885
Szabó, Estván 359
T
Tait, Peter Guthrie 574, 665, 686–7
Tartaglia, Niccolò 25, 231, 232
Taton, René 342
Taylor, Brook 256, 359, 475, 492
Taylor, Janet 328
Tecnomasio Italiano, instrument-makers, Milan 627
Terrall, Mary 261
Tesla, Nikola 689
Texas Instruments 871, 878, 879, 888
Thelwall, John 681
(p. 934) Thenard, Louis Jacques 272, 417
Thompson, Benjamin see Rumford, Count
Thompson, Silvanus P. 664–5, 737
Thomson, James 509–18, 519–23, 739
Thomson, J. J. 577, 578, 747, 824
Thomson, Thomas 495, 519
Thomson, William (Lord Kelvin) 469, 504–5, 509, 511, 516–23, 527, 52931n, 562, 563, 567, 571–2, 574, 624, 665, 686–7, 712, 730, 737, 738, 739, 766–7, 774
Tibbits, Herbert 688
Timoshenko, Stephen 359, 377
Tisserand, Félix 391
Todhunter, Isaac 415, 665
Tolman, Richard 898, 901, 911
Tompion, Thomas 335
Tooke, Christopher 100
Topham, Jonathan 671
Torricelli, Evangelista 53–4, 101, 202, 212–13, 246
Tournès, Dominique 259
Trémery, Jean Louis 411
Triewald, Marten 312
Troughton, Edward 335
Troughton, John 330, 335, 336
Trouton, Frederick 746
Truesdell, Clifford 158, 359, 490, 491
Tschirnhaus, Ehrenfried Walther von 247
Turner, Anthony J. 326
Turner, Gerard L’E. 337
Tyndall, John 503, 563, 654, 665, 692, 736, 778
U
Uhlenbeck, George 835
Utzschneider, J. von 616
V
van der Waals, Johannes Diderik 782
Van Emden, instrument-makers, Amsterdam 630
van Keulen, Gerard 345
van Keulen, Johannes 345
Vannod, Theodore 688
van Schooten, Frans 114, 245
Varian 867
Varignon, Pierre 153, 156, 158, 255–6, 359, 360, 383
Vassalli-Eandi, Antonio Maria 682
Vaucanson, Jacques 309
Verdet, Émile 663, 778
Viète, François 240
Villard, Paul 748, 7623n
Violle, J. 623–4, 636
Viviani, Vincenzio 26
Vogel, Hermann 893
Voigtländer, Johann Christoph 350
Voigt, Woldemar 469
Volder, Burcherus de 105
Volta, Alessandro 227, 272, 275–6, 278–82, 285, 312, 348, 440–1, 533, 535–6, 680
Voltaire, François Marie Arouet de 155, 303
W
Wallis, John 152, 242
Warburg, Emil 740
Warltire, John 315
Warner, Walter 101
Warwick, Andrew 668–9, 670, 722, 731–3, 751, 753n, 757n
Waterston, John 767
Watson, Earnest Charles 653–4
Watson, Fletcher G. 654, 667
Watson, Henry 778
Watteville, Armand de 688, 693
Wear, J. 315
Webber, Charles 688–9
Weber, Jean-Paul 93n
Weber, Wilhelm Eduard 558, 563, 578, 706
Wedgwood, Josiah 312, 315, 316, 332, 476
Wedgwood, Tom 312
Weilback, instrument-makers, Denmark 630
Weinberg, Steven 912–13
Weinhold, Adolphe Ferdinand 610, 618, 662, 665
Weiss, Christian Samuel 661
Weitzmann, C. 630
Weizsäcker, Carl Friedrich von 903
Welch Company, instrument-makers, Chicago 632
Welter, J.-J. 422, 487
Wessel, Caspar 466
Westfall, Richard S. 196, 228
Westinghouse 879
Weston, E. 632
Weston Electrical Co, instrument-makers, USA 632
Westphal, Wilhelm H. 663
Wheatstone, Charles 706
Whewell, William 273, 419, 458, 459, 559
Whiston, William 302, 346
White, James 624
Whiteside, Derek T. 115, 149
Whittaker, E. H. 731
Wiedemann, Eilhard 663
Wien, Wilhelm 741, 816, 818, 821
Wiesel, Johann 101, 102
Wilcke, Johan 439, 478
Wild, instrument-makers, Heerbrugg 628
Wilkinson, Charles 682, 683
Wilkinson, David 909
Williams, Mari 634
Wilson, Alan 870
Wilson, Curtis A. 114, 122
Wilson, Robert 909–10
Wise, M. Norton 509, 702
Witt, Jan de 245
W. J. Rohrbeck’s Nachfolger, instrument-makers, Vienna 630
Wolff, Christian 701
Wolff, Friedrich 661
(p. 935) Wollaston, Frances 309–10
Wollaston, William Hyde 447
Wormell, Robert 665
Wren, Christopher 115–16, 152, 202, 247
Wright, Edward 100
Wüllner, Adolph 654, 663
Wynne, Henry 104
Y
York, Donald 910
Young, Thomas 448, 451–2, 492
Z
Zeeman, Pieter 830
Zeiss, Carl 619–20, 642
Zel’dovich, Igor 912
Zermelo, Ernst 777
Zilon 884, 885
Zöllner, Karl Friedrich 896
Zupko, R. E. 698–9
Zwicky, Fritz 902, 910, 916