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date: 15 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

By going to war in England in 1642, Charles established a political identity—the ‘cavalier’—that proved remarkably resilient. Even in defeat, the cavaliers were never culturally marginal; they had established a strong claim on certain powerful values—‘honour’, ‘civility’, ‘learning’, and even ‘liberty’—with great appeal both to the landed gentry and to the better-educated clergy. A puritan Republic proved unable to appropriate those values or replace them. This explains why successive military failures did not prevent the cavaliers from shaping the eventual Restoration

Keywords: Charles I, Restoration, honour, liberty, learning, Republic, cavaliers, puritan

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