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date: 15 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article considers the impact of Cromwell and his army on Ireland. Their reputations for savagery and dramatic initiatives were not underserved, but it is suggested that they were exaggerated. Once the island was returned to nominal English rule, government reverted to traditional priorities. The massive transfer of property and power from the Catholic Irish to Protestant newcomers had precedents and was completed only after 1691. Nevertheless, the animosities between victors and defeated were intensified during the period and would long shape both Irish politics and society and relations between Ireland and Britain.

Keywords: Ireland, Oliver Cromwell, Catholic, Protestant, Irish politics

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