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date: 19 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter explores royalists and parliamentarians military and political mobilization during the first civil war in England. Parties to the English civil war pursued an armed negotiation in which their military aims reflected their political strategy, but in doing so they made escalating political demands, which required continual legitimation. Moreover, as essentially defensive military manoeuvres gave way to active warfare, differences emerged over political aims and these were reflected in disagreements in turn about the military measures being taken. The need to build and sustain support in these conditions gave rise to new forms of argument, new grounds for disagreement, and new alliances. The conduct of the war was central to political innovation and hence to political argument. The analysis of political and military mobilization offers a way of understanding both the creativity of political thought in this period, and accelerated processes of state formation with considerable long-term significance.

Keywords: English civil war, royalists, parliamentarians, mobilisation, legitimation, political thought, state formation

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