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date: 19 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The outbreak of the 1641 rising can be traced to tensions associated with English policies in Ireland in the first half of the seventeenth century. Participants in the rising held diverse motives, including social and political grievances, anxieties about Irish Catholic security, and a desire to reconfigure Ireland’s constitutional relationship to the crown. Scholarship on the 1641 depositions points to complexities in rebel intentions, the dynamics of interpersonal violence, and plantation settlers’ ability to manoeuvre within the conflict. In England, however, print culture presented the rising as a brutal popish war of extermination. Policies enacted by parliament replicated this framing and set the stage for a reconquest that would include a significant redistribution of Catholic property. The Irish context destabilized further in 1642–3 as troops from the British Isles and beyond joined the conflict and as English royalists and parliamentarians both attempted to draw upon military resources available in Ireland.

Keywords: Ireland, British Isles, 1641 rising, 1641 depositions, Stuart kingdoms, plantations, Charles I, parliament, English civil war

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