Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 02 April 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter traces revolutionary events in Scotland from July 1637 until January 1644. Revolution was sparked off by a riot in Edinburgh against Charles’s new prayer book; Charles’s divided regime was unprepared for the scale of resistance, which rapidly became a Scottish-wide movement united by the National Covenant (February 1638). The covenanters’ grievances were religious, constitutional, and economic. They resisted royal attempts to suppress them in the Bishops’ Wars of 1639 and 1640, and even invaded England in 1640 to precipitate the downfall of Charles’s English regime. After the outbreak of the Irish rebellion and the English civil war, the covenanters sent an army to Ulster and then, in August 1643, agreed the Solemn League and Covenant by which they would send an army to assist parliament in England. The chapter concludes with an analysis of allegiance, stressing covenanting success in coalition-building and royalist disunity.

Keywords: Scotland, National Covenant, Solemn League and Covenant, covenanters, revolution, Bishops’ Wars, allegiance

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.