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date: 13 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines political violence in a new age of mass politics, looking in particular at ideas of a ‘European civil war’. Civil war, however, requires more than ideological division and was a discrete and unusual circumstance. The chapter problematizes binary understandings of Left and Right, looking instead at struggles for public space, youth, and masculinity as key aspects of the political and cultural violence of the interwar period. The chapter also argues that the role of the state is an important explanatory variable in explaining differences in the level and type of violence found across Europe during this period.

Keywords: political violence, civil war, public space, youth, masculinity, left–right divide

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