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date: 08 April 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter investigates what effects, if any, progressive governments have had on employment relations in Latin America since 1999. The chapter shows that compared to their conservative counterparts, left governments have reduced precarious employment, while requiring firms to set aside more funds to cover social insurance charges and contributions. Differences between left and conservative governments are to be expected given the ideology of these governments and the perceived need to address some of the continent’s long-standing problems, but they do not primarily emanate from diffusion of a model of employment relations unique to these governments. Progressive governments have instead maintained or expanded previous policies in some countries. Another factor responsible for progressive policies is a more accommodating international environment.

Keywords: Latin America, labour standards, labour market regulation, employment insurance, employment protection legislation, social insurance, informality, labour costs

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