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date: 21 September 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article (a) identifies the different theoretical perspectives and abstractions used to conceptualize the M&A–Innovation relationship; (b) reviews the literature on antecedents, consequences, and integration of M&A in the context of innovation; and (c) identifies potential directions of further research on this topic that have both theoretical and practical implications. Among the important research directions identified are: (a) ‘strategic’ mergers that are potentially used as mechanisms for competitor pre-emption; (b) systems effects of mergers including the impact of mergers on sector-wide diffusion of technologies; (c) ‘consequential’ effects of mergers on more ‘final’ measures of innovation performance such as firm productivity and profitability; (d) mergers; and (e) divestments as providing context or ‘shocks’ to an activity system and their value as an empirical source of exogenous variation.

Keywords: mergers, acquisitions, innovation, knowledge-bases, knowledge

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