Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 22 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Freshwater fish are often identified as a major resource for past hunter-gatherers, and their exploitation has been implicated in both the emergence of the capacity for modern behaviour and the evolution of sociopolitical complexity. Archaeological attention has mostly been directed at higher latitude groups, but southern Africa is one of several middle and lower latitude regions in which freshwater fish were also procured, sometimes on a large scale. This chapter considers their exploitation in Africa south of the Zambezi over the longue durée of the past 70,000 years, discusses the ways in which they were captured, and evaluates claims that they helped sustain higher population densities, reduced mobility, seasonal aggregation, and the development of more ‘delayed return’ economies during the late Holocene.

Keywords: fishing, diet, freshwater, Zambezi, freshwater fish, southern Africa

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.