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date: 26 January 2020

(p. ix) List of Abbreviations

(p. ix) List of Abbreviations

See the References section for fuller details of all works cited.

ADEE

An Analytic Dictionary of Englishtex Etymology: An Introduction

adj.

adjective

AHD

The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, fifth edition

ALD1

The Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English, first edition (= ISED)

ALD2

The Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English, second edition

AND

The Anglo-Norman Dictionary

BBI

The BBI Combinatory Dictionary of English

BCE

Bank of Canadian English

BLD

bilingualized English learners’ dictionary

Bloomsbury

Bloomsbury English Dictionary

BN2012

Baby Names 2012

BNC

British National Corpus

BTN

Behind the Name

CALD2

Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, second edition

CALD3

Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, third edition

CALD4

Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, fourth edition

CALDO

Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary Online

CC

Creative Commons

CCSD

Collins Concise Spanish Dictionary, fourth edition

CDFN

Dictionary of First Names (Cassell)

CED

Collins Dictionary of the English Language

CED9

Collins Dictionary of the English Language, ninth edition

CGCD

Collins German College Dictionary, second edition

Chambers

Chambers Dictionary

CIDE1

Cambridge International Dictionary of English, first edition

CL

computational linguistics

CLARIN

Common Language Resources Infrastructure

Cobuild1

Collins Cobuild English Language Dictionary, first edition

(p. x) Cobuild2

Collins Cobuild English Dictionary, second edition

Cobuild4

Collins Cobuild Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, fourth edition

Cobuild6

Collins Cobuild Advanced Dictionary, sixth edition

CobuildO

Collins Cobuild Advanced Dictionary Online

COCA

Corpus of Contemporary American English

COD

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English

COD3

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English, third edition

CODEE

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

CODM

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics.

COED11

Concise Oxford English Dictionary, eleventh edition (for earlier editions see COD)

COED12

Concise Oxford English Dictionary, twelfth edition

COHA

Corpus of Historical American English

Collins Junior

Collins Junior Dictionary

Collins School

Collins School Dictionary, fourth edition

Collins Student’s

Collins Student’s Dictionary

CORD

Concise Oxford Russian Dictionary, revised edition

COSD

Concise Oxford Spanish Dictionary, third edition

CQS

Corpus Query System

CRFD1

Collins Robert French Dictionary, first edition

CRFD2

Collins Robert French Dictionary, second edition

CRFD6

Collins Robert French Dictionary, sixth edition

DAFN

Dictionary of American Family Names

DARE

The Dictionary of American Regional English

DBP

Dictionary of British Place-Names

DBS

Dictionary of British Surnames

DCHP-1

Dictionary of Canadianisms on Historical Principles, first edition

DCHP-2

Dictionary of Canadianisms on Historical Principles, second edition

DCHP-1 Online

DCHP-1 Online: A Dictionary of Canadianisms on Historical Principles Online

DEAF

Dictionnaire Étymologique de l’Ancien Français

DEEP

The Digital Exposure of English Place-Names

DELI

Dizionario etimologico della lingua italiana

DeReKo

German Reference Corpus (Deutsches Referenzkorpus)

DÉRom

Dictionnaire Étymologique Roman

Dictionary of English Surnames

DGU

dictionary for general users

DictAngl

Dictionnaire des anglicismes

DIL

Dictionary of the Irish Language

DK

DK Illustrated Oxford Dictionary, revised edition (2003)

DLex

Dictionary of Lexicography

DPS

Dictionary Production System

DTD

Document Type Definition

DSUE

Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English

DWDS

Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

DWS

Dictionary Writing System

DYS

Dictionary of Yorkshire Surnames

ECCO

Eighteenth Century Collections Online

EDD

The English Dialect Dictionary

EDE

Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian

EDFN

Everyman’s Dictionary of First Names

EEBO

Early English Books Online

EETS

Early English Text Society

EFL

English as a Foreign Language

ELRA

European Language Resource Association

EPD

The Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary

EPNS

English Place-Name Society

EPUB

electronic publication (e-book standard)

EULA

end-user licence agreement

f.n.

feminine noun

FaNBI

Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

FEW

Französisches etymologisches Wörterbuch

Gage Canadian

Gage Canadian Dictionary

GDEX

Good Dictionary EXamples

GDS

Green’s Dictionary of Slang

GFDL

GNU Free Documentation Licence

GPC

Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru: A Dictionary of the Welsh Language

GPC2

Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru: A Dictionary of the Welsh Language, second edition

HPSG

Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar

Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary

HWDaF

Hueber Wörterbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache

IDMB

International Dictionary of Medicine and Biology

interj.

interjection

IOD

Illustrated Oxford Dictionary, second edition

IPA

International Phonetic Alphabet

ISED

Idiomatic and Syntactic English Dictionary (reissued as A Learner’s Dictionary of Current English, = ALD1)

ITP Nelson

ITP Nelson Canadian Dictionary of the English Language: An Encyclopedic Reference

JISC

(formerly) Joint Information Systems Committee

KWIC

key-word-in-context

L&S

C. T. Lewis & C. Short, A Latin Dictionary

LDC

Linguistic Data Consortium

LDELC

Longman Dictionary of English Language and Culture

LDOCE1

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, first edition

LDOCE2

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, second edition

LDOCE3

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, third edition

LDOCE4

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, fourth edition

LDOCE5

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, fifth edition

LDOCEonline

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Online

LEI

Lessico etimologico italiano

LIED1

Longman Interactive English Dictionary

Little Oxford

Little Oxford English Dictionary, ninth edition

LKB

lexical knowledge base

LLA2

Longman Language Activator

LMF

Lexical Mark-up Framework

LPD

Longman Pronunciation Dictionary

LSJ

H. G. Liddell and R. Scott (rev. H. Stuart Jones and R. McKenzie), A Greek–English Lexicon

LSW

Longman Słownik Współczesny Angielsko-Polski, Polsko-Angielski, second edition

LTDaF

Langenscheidt Taschenwörterbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache, second edition

LU

lexical unit

m.n.

masculine noun

Middle English Dictionary

MEDAL1

Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners, first edition

MEDAL2

Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners, second edition

MLD

monolingual learners’ dictionary

MRD

machine-readable dictionary

MT

machine translation

MWALED1

Merriam-Webster’s Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary

MWALEDO

Merriam-Webster’s Advanced Learner’s English Dictionary Online

MWCD

Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary

MWE

multi-word expression

MWU

multi-word unit

n.

noun

NKFD

The New Kosciuszko Foundation Dictionary English-Polish, Polish-English

NLP

natural-language processing

NMED

The New Method English Dictionary

NP

noun phrase

NPI

Negative Polarity item

NSM

Natural Semantic Metalanguage

OALD3

Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English, third edition

OALD4

Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English, fourth edition

OALD5

Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English, fifth edition

OALD7

Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English, seventh edition

OALD8

Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English, eighth edition

OALDO

Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary Online

OBGP

Oxford BBC Guide to Pronunciation

OCR

optical character recognition

ODE

Oxford Dictionary of English

ODECN

Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names

ODEE

The Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

ODFN

Dictionary of First Names (OUP)

ODO

Oxford Dictionaries Online

ODP

The Oxford Dictionary of Pronunciation for Current English

ODS

Dictionary of Surnames (OUP)

OEC

Oxford English Corpus

OED

Oxford English Dictionary

The Oxford English Dictionary, second edition

OED3

The Oxford English Dictionary, third edition

OGD

Oxford German Dictionary, third edition

OH 1994

The Oxford-Hachette French Dictionary—French-English, English-French

OLD

The Oxford Latin Dictionary

ONS

Office for National Statistics

OS

Ordnance Survey

ÖWB-41

Österreichisches Wörterbuch, forty-first edition

ÖWB-42

Österreichisches Wörterbuch, forty-second edition

OWL

Web Ontology Language

Oxford Children’s

Oxford Children’s Colour Dictionary

Oxford Primary

Oxford Primary Dictionary

Oxford School

Oxford School Dictionary

OZESD

Oxford IsiZulu–IsiNgisi/English-Zulu Isichazamazwi Sesikole/School Dictionary

PDBS

Penguin Dictionary of British Surnames

pdf

Portable Document Format

PDFN

Dictionary of First Names (Penguin)

PDS

Penguin Dictionary of Surnames

PNIM

Personal Names of the Isle of Man

POS

part-of-speech

PP

prepositional phrase

RDF

Resource Description Framework

REW

Romanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch

RH2

Random House Dictionary of the English Language, second edition

Roget

Roget’s Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases

RP

Received Pronunciation

RussEW

Russisches etymologisches Wörterbuch

SEDDG

Survey of English Dialects: The Dictionary and Grammar

SGML

Standard Generalized Mark-up Language

SI

Surnames of Ireland

SL

source language

SL

specialized lexicography

SoS

Surnames of Scotland

Spoken Early English Dialect

SS

Scottish Surnames

STBBN

60,000+ Best Baby Names

STEDT

The Sino-Tibetan Etymological Dictionary and Thesaurus

STEDTRepr

The Tibeto-Burman Reproductive System: Toward an Etymological Thesaurus

SVC

Support Verb Construction

SW

Surnames of Wales

TBL

TickBox Lexicography

TCP

Text Creation Partnership

TEI

Text Encoding Initiative

TL

target language

TLF

Trésor de la langue française

TLF-Étym

TLF-Étym (révision sélective des notices étymologiques du Trésor de la langue française informatisé)

TLL

Thesaurus linguae Latinae

TOE

A Thesaurus of Old English

trans.

transitive

URI

Uniform Resource Identifier

US

The Book of Ulster Surnames

USAS

UCREL Semantic Annotation System

v.

verb

VLO

Virtual Language Observatory

VP

verb phrase

W3

Webster’s Third New International Dictionary

WNT

Woordenboek der Nederlandsche Taal

WS

Welsh Surnames

WSD

word sense disambiguation

WSI

word sense induction

XCES

Corpus Encoding Standard for XML

XML

Extensible Mark-up Language

XSLT

Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformations

(p. xvi)