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date: 27 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Synonymy, hyponymy, meronymy, antonymy (or opposition), and contrast (including co-hyponymy) are the best-known and most-discussed of the paradigmatic, lexical-semantic relations, or sense relations. These relations are the building-blocks of definition in standard (semasiological) dictionaries and the subject of relational (onomasiological) lexicographical works. This chapter first introduces general issues for sense relations, then divides the various relations into two supercategories: asymmetrical and symmetrical relations. Within these supercategories, major categories are discussed in detail, including: (a) the definition of the category and subcategories, applicability to different grammatical categories, and conflicts between logical and everyday uses of the terms; and (b) the relevance of the category to lexicography, including use in sense-definition and the relational information given in thesauruses. Tools for the automatic identification of these relations are briefly discussed at the end.

Keywords: meaning relations, paradigmatic relations, lexical-semantic relations, synonymy, hyponymy, meronymy, antonymy, opposition, contrast, co-hyponymy

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