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date: 28 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

In the canonical compartmentalization of linguistics, lexicography belongs to applied linguistics. Its theoretical counterpart is lexicology, and specifically with regard to the description of meaning, lexical semantics. But lexicography is not always a direct application of a lexicological or a semantic theory, and to the extent that lexical semantic theory has actually played a role, the plurality of theories of word meaning needs to be taken into account. This chapter takes a historical perspective: for each of the major theoretical approaches to word meaning that have emerged in the last 150 years, it considers what their contribution to lexicography has been. Three main stages are distinguished: historical-philological semantics, structuralist and neostructuralist semantics, and cognitive semantics. For each of these theoretical frameworks a short general introduction is followed by a subsection describing the lexicographical connections. A final section reviews the overall evolution and explores possible lines for future development.

Keywords: lexical semantics, lexicology, historical-philological semantics, structuralist semantics, neostructuralist semantics, cognitive semantics

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