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date: 18 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

States and the state system have changed in major ways. The international system has moved away from the classical state system of “absolute sovereignty” to a twenty-first century one of “relative sovereignty.” The contemporary state is an internationally “embedded state” with admittedly very different levels of integration and dependence. In the future we expect a de facto—not a de jure—diminished capacity of the state to regulate and tax corporate actors, with democracy running increasingly dry and empty, if global or international compensation does not occur or if they, like at the EU level, were to fail. We expect the world of states in the advanced capitalist societies to adapt better to the changing environment than can many of the states in Asia and Africa, with the gulf between the Global North and the Global South widening.

Keywords: the state, determinants of state transformation, nature(s) of state transformation, advanced capitalist world, post-communist world, Global South, Global North, democratic involution, “global split”

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