Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 18 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter traces the evolution of the modern state through three developmental processes: the rise of the territorial nation state, democratization, and the rise of the modern interventionist state. Primarily focusing on European patterns, we demonstrate how these three sequential stages were historically interlinked, thereby creating the modern “layered state.” We also explore the major divergences in the structure of the modern state. The chapter’s main contribution is to show how early nation-building processes indirectly shaped party politics, democratization, and welfare state development via different patterns of religious and confessional homogeneity and heterogeneity. While the rise of the modern state is normally cast as a secular development, religious and confessional dynamics have shaped the coalitional possibilities underpinning party politics, democratic breakdown, and welfare state development into the modern age.

Keywords: state transformation, the modern state, state building, state history, Europe, layered state, democratization, welfare state

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.