- The Oxford Handbook of Transformations of the State
- List of Figures and Tables
- About the Contributors
- Introduction: Transformations of the State
- Changing Perspectives on the State
- Varieties of State Experience
- The Layered State: Pathways and Patterns of Modern Nation State Building
- The Emergence of the New World States
- State Formation and Transformation in Africa and Asia: The Third Phase of State Expansion
- State Theory: Four Analytical Traditions
- Limited Statehood: A Critical Perspective
- State Transformations in Comparative Perspective
- Internationalization and the State: Sovereignty as the External Side of Modern Statehood
- Sovereign (In)Equality in the Evolution of the International System
- The Competition State: The Modern State in a Global Economy
- The Embedded State: The New Division of Labor in the Provision of Governance Functions
- Multilevel Governance and the State
- Beyond the State?: Are Transnational Regulatory Institutions Replacing the State?
- Security, Intervention, and the Responsibility to Protect: Transforming the State by Reinterpreting Sovereignty
- Ambiguous Transformations: The 2007/08 International Financial Crisis and Changing Economic Roles of the State
- Environmental Risks and the Changing Interface of Domestic and International Governance
- State Transformations among the Affluent Democracies
- The Transformations of the Statist Model
- From Industrial Corporatism to the Social Investment State
- The Changing Role of the State in Liberal Market Economies
- ISI States Reverse Course: From Import Substitution to Open Economy
- Welfare State Transformation: Convergence and the Rise of the Supply-Side Model
- The State and Gender Equality: From Patriarchal to Women-Friendly State?
- From the Positive to the Regulatory State: A Transformation in the Machinery of Governance?
- Migration and the Porous Boundaries of Democratic States
- Plurinational States
- The Changing Architecture of the National Security State
- Transformations of the Democratic State
- The Peculiarities of Post-Communist State Development: Institutional Consolidation and Elite Competition
- The Transformation of the State in Eastern Europe
- Resources as Constraints? Natural Resource Wealth and the Possibility of Developmental States in the Former Soviet Union
- The Transformation of the Russian State
- China: Economic Liberalization, Adaptive Informal Institutions, and Party-State Resilience
- States in the Global South: Transformations, Trends, and Diversity
- Human Development, State Transformation, and the Politics of the Developmental State
- Rentier States and State Transformations
- Predatory States and State Transformation
- State Failure and State Transformation
- Ethnicity and State Transformation in the Global South
- Democracy and Regime Change in the Global South: Causes and Trends
- Emerging Welfare States in Latin America and East Asia
- Conclusion: States Transforming
- Name Index
- Index of Subjects
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter traces the evolution of the modern state through three developmental processes: the rise of the territorial nation state, democratization, and the rise of the modern interventionist state. Primarily focusing on European patterns, we demonstrate how these three sequential stages were historically interlinked, thereby creating the modern “layered state.” We also explore the major divergences in the structure of the modern state. The chapter’s main contribution is to show how early nation-building processes indirectly shaped party politics, democratization, and welfare state development via different patterns of religious and confessional homogeneity and heterogeneity. While the rise of the modern state is normally cast as a secular development, religious and confessional dynamics have shaped the coalitional possibilities underpinning party politics, democratic breakdown, and welfare state development into the modern age.
Philip Manow is Professor for Political Economy in the Department of Political Science, Co-Director of the “Economics” Division of the Centre for Social Policy Research (ZeS), since 2011 Principal Investigator in the Collaborative Research Center Transformations of the State (TranState, 2003–2014), and faculty member of the Bremen International Graduate School of Social Sciences (BIGSSS, 2007 ff.), all at the University of Bremen, Germany.
Daniel Ziblatt is Professor of Government, Department of Government, and Faculty Associate of the Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies (CES), both at Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA.
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