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date: 05 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The experience of the Soviet successor states to date calls into question the notion that resource abundance is necessarily a detriment to the emergence of a developmental state, while resource scarcity is necessarily an advantage. First, the dearth of developmental states in the region should not be attributed to these countries’ access to resource wealth, but rather to their shared Soviet legacy and the timing of their independence from Soviet rule. Second, these states also face similar impediments to adopting the new twenty-first-century model of the developmental state, impediments that are unrelated to resource wealth: namely, autocratic rule and weak civil society. Finally, the resource rich states may actually have an advantage vis-à-vis their resource poor counterparts when it comes to building a developmental state in the twenty-first century.

Keywords: Soviet Union, state transformation, state development, natural resources, resource wealth, Russia

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