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date: 18 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Post-communist state institutions have largely consolidated, and they now exert profound influence over elite competition. In the first years after the collapse of communism, elite competition shaped the processes of building the post-communist state. These processes resulted in the creation of state institutions that either favored the winners of elite competition or provided guarantees for the losers, allowing the latter to survive and thrive to varying degrees. Competing elites also built varying degrees of constraint and discretion into the institutions they created. These institutions have since consolidated—here we examine how they have affected elite competition in turn. Specifically, we argue that since the early 2000s, post-communist state institutions have played a critical role in determining who can compete (the pool of elites), over what they compete (the target of elite competition), and how they compete (the means of elite competition).

Keywords: post-communist state, state institutions, communism, elite competition, institutional consolidation

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