- The Oxford Handbook of Transformations of the State
- List of Figures and Tables
- About the Contributors
- Introduction: Transformations of the State
- Changing Perspectives on the State
- Varieties of State Experience
- The Layered State: Pathways and Patterns of Modern Nation State Building
- The Emergence of the New World States
- State Formation and Transformation in Africa and Asia: The Third Phase of State Expansion
- State Theory: Four Analytical Traditions
- Limited Statehood: A Critical Perspective
- State Transformations in Comparative Perspective
- Internationalization and the State: Sovereignty as the External Side of Modern Statehood
- Sovereign (In)Equality in the Evolution of the International System
- The Competition State: The Modern State in a Global Economy
- The Embedded State: The New Division of Labor in the Provision of Governance Functions
- Multilevel Governance and the State
- Beyond the State?: Are Transnational Regulatory Institutions Replacing the State?
- Security, Intervention, and the Responsibility to Protect: Transforming the State by Reinterpreting Sovereignty
- Ambiguous Transformations: The 2007/08 International Financial Crisis and Changing Economic Roles of the State
- Environmental Risks and the Changing Interface of Domestic and International Governance
- State Transformations among the Affluent Democracies
- The Transformations of the Statist Model
- From Industrial Corporatism to the Social Investment State
- The Changing Role of the State in Liberal Market Economies
- ISI States Reverse Course: From Import Substitution to Open Economy
- Welfare State Transformation: Convergence and the Rise of the Supply-Side Model
- The State and Gender Equality: From Patriarchal to Women-Friendly State?
- From the Positive to the Regulatory State: A Transformation in the Machinery of Governance?
- Migration and the Porous Boundaries of Democratic States
- Plurinational States
- The Changing Architecture of the National Security State
- Transformations of the Democratic State
- The Peculiarities of Post-Communist State Development: Institutional Consolidation and Elite Competition
- The Transformation of the State in Eastern Europe
- Resources as Constraints? Natural Resource Wealth and the Possibility of Developmental States in the Former Soviet Union
- The Transformation of the Russian State
- China: Economic Liberalization, Adaptive Informal Institutions, and Party-State Resilience
- States in the Global South: Transformations, Trends, and Diversity
- Human Development, State Transformation, and the Politics of the Developmental State
- Rentier States and State Transformations
- Predatory States and State Transformation
- State Failure and State Transformation
- Ethnicity and State Transformation in the Global South
- Democracy and Regime Change in the Global South: Causes and Trends
- Emerging Welfare States in Latin America and East Asia
- Conclusion: States Transforming
- Name Index
- Index of Subjects
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter analyzes changes in the political economy of seven small European corporatist countries from the Golden Age to the twenty-first century. The state controlled capital movements, set central bank policy, provided low interest rates for business, and, sometimes, owned major portions of the manufacturing sector. After the break up of the Bretton Woods system in 1971, the state in the Nordic countries (and less so in the Netherlands) withdrew from such involvement, increasingly investing instead in education and training, the dividend of which was a highly qualified workforce. In this chapter, we analyze the transformation of the corporatist political economies of Northern Europe, examining the concept of corporatism—contrasting postwar corporatism with corporatism today—and highlighting the institutional innovations in corporatist countries since the 1980s.
Jingjing Huo is Associate Professor of Political Science in the Department of Political Science at the University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.
John D. Stephens is Gerhard E. Lenski, Jr., Distinguished Professor of Political Science and Sociology in the Department of Political Science, and Director of the Center for European Studies (CES) and of the European Union Center for Excellence (EUCE), all at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA; 2005 and 2013 he was Fellow at the Hanse-Wissenschaftskolleg Institute for Advanced Study (HWK) in Northwest Germany in cooperation with the Collabo¬rative Research Center on Transformations of the State (TranState, 2003–2014) and the Bremen International Graduate School of Social Sciences (BIGSSS, 2007 ff.) and its forerunner (GSSS, 2001–2007).
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