- The Oxford Handbook of Africa and Economics
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Contributors
- Africa, the Next Intellectual Frontier
- Prolegomena to Economics as an African Science: A Philosophical Meditation
- Households and Income in Africa
- Transformation of African Farm-Cum-Family Structures
- The Economics of Marriage in North Africa: A Unifying Theoretical Framework
- The Theory of the Firm in the African Context
- Markets and Urban Provisioning
- Development as Diffusion: Manufacturing Productivity and Africa’s Missing Middle
- Employment, Unemployment, and Underemployment in Africa
- Inclusive Growth in Africa
- Poverty: Shifting Fortunes and New Perspectives
- Dimensions of African Inequality
- Inclusive Growth and Developmental Governance: The Next African Frontiers
- Economics and the Study of Corruption in Africa
- Thoughts on Development: The African Experience
- The Idea of Economic Development: Views from Africa
- Principles of Economics: African Counter-Narratives
- Economics and Culture in Africa
- The Economics of Non-Cognitive Skills
- Modeling African Economies: A DSGE Approach
- Measuring Economic Progress in the African Context
- Measuring Structural Economic Vulnerability in Africa
- Measuring Democracy: An Economic Approach
- Measurement and Analysis of Competitiveness
- Africa’s New Economic Opportunities
- Tigers or Tiger Prawns?: The African Growth “Tragedy” and “Renaissance” in Perspective
- The Economic Legacies of the African Slave Trades
- The Economics of Colonialism in Africa
- Public–Private Interface for Inclusive Development in Africa
- Natural Resources in Africa: Precious Boon or Precious Bane?
- Volatility and Vulnerability
- Africa’s Urbanization: Challenges and Opportunities
- Environmental and Climate Change Issues in Africa
- Informality, Growth, and Development in Africa
- Capitalism and African Business Cultures
- The Impact of Democracy on Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa, 1982–2012
- The Economics of Authoritarianism in North Africa
- The Potential Economic Dividends of North African Revolutions
- The Economics of Violent Conflict and War in Africa
- The Causes and Consequences of Terrorism in Africa
- The Political Economy of the New Arab Awakening
- Democratic Decentralization and Economic Development
- The Economics of Happiness and Anger in North Africa
- Name Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines the origin and evolution of the authoritarian bargain, or the provision of government welfare in exchange for political control, in North Africa. Following independence, North African states supported significant economic intervention and redistribution. Despite initial successes, these arrangements proved unsustainable and were to come under severe stress in subsequent decades. Fiscal austerity, along with reforms to governing social contracts, created a more durable system with its own internal logic, but also with internal contradictions. Recent upheaval in North Africa, the birthplace of the so-called Arab Spring protests, may be traced to resulting structural rigidities, coupled with the governments’ poor record in responding to a variety of crises. The recent economic history of North Africa, finally, shows how the policy mix that favors redistribution, equity, and security over growth has taken an increasing toll on precisely the social sectors it was intended to protect.
Raj M. Desai, Georgetown University and Brookings Institution, Washington, DC.
Anders Olofsgård, Stockholm Institute for Transition Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
Tarik M. Yousef, Brookings Institution, Washington, DC.
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