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date: 13 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

A “corpus of knowledge” about the mechanisms of development has been accumulated over decades, and shows an extraordinary variability in its mechanisms in space and time, in the constraints under which they work, and in the policies to be implemented to foster the process of change. This chapter attempts an evaluation of this knowledge by revisiting the great debates of development economics in the light of the theoretical and empirical elements at our disposal today and very much with reference to the case of sub-Saharan Africa. First, it outlines the way this knowledge has progressed over the course of time. Second, it examines the role that the international development community and particularly the developed countries can play in the development of the poorest countries. Finally, it discusses the remaining challenges of development in sub-Saharan Africa, where it seems that world poverty will increasingly be concentrated in the coming decades.

Keywords: African economic development, African poverty, aid effectiveness, natural resources, economic diversification

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