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date: 21 October 2019

(p. xix) List of Tables

(p. xix) List of Tables

  1. 2.1 Sectoral contribution to within-sector component and changes in employment shares 46

  2. 2.2 Occupational regressions, full sample 56

  3. 3.1 Inflation, growth and international reserves in SSA: 1985–1995, 1995–2005, 2005–2012 65

  4. 3.2 Bank deposits, private credit, and spreads: SSA 66

  5. 3.3 De jure monetary policy framework in sub-Saharan Africa 67

  6. 3.4 Month inflation dynamics 2007–2008, sub-Saharan Africa. Median country 79

  7. 3.5 Relative food prices 2007–2008, sub-Saharan Africa. Median country 79

  8. 4.1 Real GDP growth, inflation, and general government balance, 1980–2012 91

  9. 4.2 Net welfare gain of WAEMU membership, and selected indicators 100

  10. 4.3 CMA: welfare comparison of asymmetric union with autonomy 102

  11. 4.4 Net welfare gain of EAMU membership and correlations, 2000–2011 104

  12. 4.5 Net welfare gain of EAMU membership and correlations, high energy exports scenario 106

  13. 4.6 Welfare implications of adding countries one by one to WAEMU 108

  14. 4.7 Net gain from ECOWAS monetary union (11 countries) and selected indicators 107

  15. 4.8 Welfare implications of adding countries one by one to a symmetric CMA 110

  16. 4.9 Welfare implications of a SADC monetary union (10 countries) 111

  17. 10.1 Saving and investment: Africa and other developing countries 208

  18. 11.1 Main (WTO recognized) plurilateral preferential trade agreements in Africa 226

  19. 11.2 Trade effects of RTAs in Africa, two years before and five years after implementation dates 235

  20. 13.1 Africa’s structural deficit, 2005 259

  21. 14.1 Market failure, system failure, and capability failure 277

  22. 14.2 From GPG model to FLG (foreign actor to local firm government) model 280

  23. (p. xx) 15.1 Rural population, its growth rate, and arable land per person in rural areas in selected countries in SSA 295

  24. 15.2 Arable and cultivated land areas in selected countries in SSA 297

  25. 15.3 Forest area in 2010 and its changes by sub-region in SSA 297

  26. 15.4 The emerging new farming system in the highlands of Kenya 301

  27. 22.1 Stock market indicators of economic relevance by country and over time 405

  28. 22.2 Infrastructure support indicators of stock markets 406

  29. 22.3 Banking industry indicators of economic relevance by country and over time 414

  30. 25.1 PARTE estimates for select African countries 473

  31. 27.1 Population living on less than US$1 a day, 1998 495

  32. 27.2 Life expectancy in Africa relative to other world regions, 1970–2000 496

  33. 27.3 Reversals in life expectancy in selected African countries, 1977–1999 496

  34. 27.4 Average years of schooling in Africa relative to other world regions, 1960–1990 497

  35. 27.5 Total fertility rates in Africa relative to other regions by education of women, 1970s 498

  36. 27.6 Effects of income on health in Africa, 1980–1995 501

  37. 27.7 Effects of income on health in Africa, 1960–1995 501

  38. 27.8 Effects of health on income in Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire, 1985–1989 503

  39. 29.1 Cox proportional hazard models for time to marriage, Morocco and Tunisia (urban) 543

  40. 29.2 Marriage outcomes for females, Morocco and Tunisia (urban) 544

  41. 29.A1 Cox proportional hazards models for time to marriage, Egypt 550

  42. 29.A2 Marriage outcomes for females, Egypt 553

  43. 32.1 Ratio of girls to boys in primary, secondary, and tertiary education (2011 or as noted) 597

  44. 35.1 Trade union membership of public and private sector employees in formal sector, selected years 645

  45. 35.2 Mean measures of labor regulation, by income level 648

  46. 35.3 Average measures of trade union power in the late 1990s, by country income level 651

  47. 35.4 Estimates of union effects on wages in developing countries 652

  48. 35.5 Average percent of strikers’ workdays lost per year and relative average strikers’ workdays lost, 1999–2008 656

  49. 36.1 Development financial institutions in Africa and extent of state ownership 666

  50. 36.2 Comparing the transparency of African development banks with others 673

  51. (p. xxi) 37.1 Net total bilateral aid received per capita by region and countries, 1960–2011 (current US$) 682

  52. 40.1 Summary of key theories of FDI 728

  53. 44.1 China’s foreign aid and its composition 798

  54. 47.1 Population aged 20–64 years (% of total population) 855

  55. 47.2 Trends in childhood mortality 859

  56. 47.3 Trends in fertility and contraceptive use 862

  57. 47.4 Countries classified according to potential for fertility decline 864

  58. 47.5 Gender differences in labor force participation rates 868

  59. 48.1 Accelerated poverty reduction in sub-Saharan Africa 874

(p. xxii)