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date: 18 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter looks at the prospects of a demographic dividend in Africa in the near future. Fertility declines that change population age structures and dependency ratios have been slow to begin, as well as the fact that there are many underlying features of Africa today which might hasten the process. These have to do with some of the preconditions under which fertility fell in other parts of the world, but the global world today is again interested in working towards investments in voluntary family planning. These conditions are conducive to faster fertility decline than in the past, and with the possibility that right policies could allow the region to exploit this demographic window of opportunity. We also comment on some of the economic implications of a demographic dividend in Africa, including the economic impact of a relatively larger labor force may be enhanced because of the historical and cultural acceptance of women in the labor force.

Keywords: demography, demographic dividend, age structure, fertility, mortality, gender

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