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date: 22 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Sub-Saharan Africa’s (SSA) poor growth performance in recent decades has been linked to several factors—geography, institutions, ethnic diversity, and low returns to capital investment. SSA growth analyses have yet to integrate the insights of a robust body of theoretical and empirical research linking gender equality to economic development and economic growth. This chapter explores the largely positive relationship between gender equality and growth in SSA. Gender effects are transmitted to the productive and unpaid care sectors of the economy in large part due to the tendency for work to be gender segregated. Further, macro-level policies have been found to have differential effects on men and women. Evidence that gender equality is itself a stimulus to growth in a number of SSA countries underscores the importance of assessing the gender effect of macroeconomic policies.

Keywords: gender, economic growth, sub-Saharan Africa, macroeconomic policies, bargaining power, labor markets, labor force, wages, monetary policy, fiscal policy

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