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date: 15 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses the role of infrastructure in the process of economic growth and human development in Africa. Part 1 discusses the geographical, physical and institutional challenges faced by the development of infrastructure. Part 2 discusses the coverage of modern infrastructure services and access by households. Coverage differs greatly across sectors and countries but is, on average, very low by international standards. Part 3 discusses the institutional and regulatory constraints that create an “infrastructure gap.” Part 4 discusses the financing needs to develop Africa’s infrastructure. The challenge of finding funds for infrastructure is gigantic and varies greatly by country: fragile states face an impossible burden and resource-rich countries lag despite their wealth. Part 5 discusses how to face the challenges and overcome economic and institutional constraints.

Keywords: infrastructure, household access to services, regulation, economic growth, long-term finance

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