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date: 02 June 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter explores early modern English Protestant attitudes towards the Apocrypha and extra-canonical texts, and attitudes to the differences in the canon, as found in the Septuagint, the Hebrew Bible and Jerome’s Vulgate. It traces divergent approaches in the Catholic post-Trent canon, and Protestant Europe, alongside English debates, ambivalence and at times heated dispute about the Apocrypha’s value and relationship to scripture. Protestant Bibles were often bound with the Apocrypha between the Old and New Testaments, issued with a caveat that, while they should not be read in church, it was nonetheless hoped that private study of these books would further knowledge of Jewish history. This was not, Hessayon demonstrates, sufficient to quell complaints of their profaning the sacred text, and prompted reconsiderations of the authenticity of the canon itself.

Keywords: Apocrypha, Lutheran, canon, canonicity, Trent, Protestant Bible, Bel and the Dragon

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