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date: 20 June 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The idea that our selves are inside our bodies has become such a part of Anglophone culture that we do not notice the significance of inwardness in early modern English culture. With the advent of Protestantism, the tendency to conceive of the passions as both metaphorically and physically inward was transformed into a paradigm of inward faith that radiated metaphors throughout the language. Theologians, devotional writers, and religious poets reimagined inwardness to chart a new inner landscape of faith. This changing understanding defined the relationship of the self to God and to other people. Emphasizing the degree to which inwardness was already present in Christian discourse and in scripture, the chapter explores how Protestant English translations of the New Testament construct the inward self. In the margins of the scriptures, Bible translators began a crucial debate about the limits of the hidden self in a visible world.

Keywords: translation, inwardness, interpretation, subjectivity, individual, translation

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