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date: 29 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The scientific foundation of perceptual organization is conventionally established using experimental stimuli. However, the dictates of perception are implicitly and explicitly evident in the salient qualities of designed environments and products. A systematic investigation of design principles can therefore further scientific understanding of perceptual organization as well as the aesthetic attraction of great works of design. This chapter discusses some well-known examples of visual design to demonstrate the important interrelations between perceptual organization and aesthetic quality. Japanese classical gardens and architecture, in particular, provide a plethora of visual effects and design vocabulary that complement the important principles of organization codified in Gestalt principles. An approach sympathetic to classical Japanese design is, furthermore, evident in the modern design principles of the Bauhaus school. Both approaches affirm the implicit lawfulness of visual forms in the natural environment and the universal origin of the order observed in perceptual organization.

Keywords: design, Gestalt, Bauhaus, aesthetic, natural form, Japanese design, visual effect, spatiality, Japanese gardens

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