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date: 18 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

‘Everything that is visible has certain colour-properties’ (Katz 1911, p. 1). We first discuss the perceptual dimensions that are inherent in the attribute of colour itself. We then consider the strong organizational influence that colour can have on scenes, before considering the interplay of colour, form, depth, and movement and the influence of these interactions on perceptual organization. We discuss spatial factors as they bear on colour induction, and the way in which these are modified by perceptual grouping. Finally, we consider a world of illuminated objects, highlighting the spatio-chromatic signatures associated with changes in illumination or spectrally selective filtering, and the subtle chromatic cues to material properties. Colour emerges as a subject of perception that ‘draws its beauty from the marvellous co-operation of colour-substance and illumination’ (Katz 1911, p. 2), and as a perceptual correlate of physical signatures that support our visual appreciation of things made of particular stuff.

Keywords: colour, cones, unique hues, colour and form, colour constancy, colour contrast, colour assimilation, chromatic transparency, illuminant estimation, material perception

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